Grammar

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These sections will be turned into pages as they get filled out.

Contents

Morphology

Derivational Morphology

See the main page about derivational morphology.


There is some amount of derivational morphology across syntactic function boundaries, as various words are derived from dothralat to ride, including Dothraki. As well, there appears to be a large amount of compounding which occurs in Dothraki, as "The words for “related,” “weighted net,” “eclipse,” “dispute,” “redhead,” “oath,” “funeral pyre,” “evidence,” “omen,” “fang” and “harvest moon” all have one element in common: “qoy,” the Dothraki word for “blood.”"[1] It is also known that "The word for “pride”—”athjahakar”—is derived from “jahak,” the traditional long braid worn by Dothraki warriors (“lajaki”)."[1]

Thirat atthiraride to live a wooden life[1] may be analysed as a+thira-id-e, as the geminating prefix a+ makes a verb transitive,[2] and ido is the word for wood.[1]

Nouns and Noun Phrases

Adjectives

See the main adjectives page.

Adjectives appear after the nouns they modify. This is based off of Peterson's analysis of the text in the books. [1]

Pronouns

Prepositions

Prepositions precede the noun they modify. They may perhaps be made redundant and removed by the inclusion of the ablative case marking on a noun, as in athastokhdeveshizar-oon from nonsense. However, this is not always the case, as in oqet vichitera oma vafikh-oon.' A sheep shivers without its wool.[3]

Prepositions which are indicate the manner of a verb's movement may not exist in Dothraki. See lexical information.

Verbs

See the main verbs page.

Adverbs

Conjunctions

Direct Address

When you adress someone directly you generally use the vocative particle zhey in front of the word you use to adress someone. Example: Athchomar chomakea, zhey Khal Drogo. (Respect to you, Khal Drogo)

Syntax

See the main syntax page.

Simple Sentences

There is no copula, which is the verb to be. This is based off of Peterson's analysis of the text in the books. [1]

Word Order

The dominant word order is subject-verb-object. This is based off of Peterson's analysis of the text in the books.[1]

Questions

Negation

Complex Sentences

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 "Official HBO Press Release". April 12, 2010. http://dothraki.conlang.org/official-hbo-press-release/. 
  2. "Scientific American". June 3, 2010. http://www.scientificamerican.com/blog/post.cfm?id=dothraki-response-2010-06-02. 
  3. "Wired Article". August 25, 2010. http://www.wired.com/geekdad/2010/08/a-game-of-thrones-david-j-peterson/. 
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