List of Affixes

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Circumfixes and prefixes listed alphabetically

a- v. FUT; stem C-; all PRES suffixes hold
as- -an adj. comparative
as- -anaz adj. superlative
as- -anoz adj. sublative
ath- -ar ni. maybe something akin to -ing
ath- -zar ni. maybe something akin to -ing
e- -a v. negative; stem C- -C
e- -sa v. negative; stem C- -V
es- -a v. negative; stem V- -C
es- -sa v. negative; stem V- -V
me- complementizer that introduces a subordinate clause
o- v. NEG FUT; stem C-; all PRES suffixes hold
os- adj. negative
os- -an adj. contrastive
v- v. FUT; stem V-; all PRES suffixes hold
v- -er v. durative; stem V- -C
v- -r v. durative; stem V- -V
vi- -er v. durative; stem C- -C
vi- -r v. durative; stem C- -V
zi- -e v. maybe something akin to 'off'


Circumfixes and suffixes listed alphabetically

circumfixes sorted bu suffix part

-a v. PRES 3 SG; stem -C
e- -a v. negative; stem C- -C
es- -a v. negative; stem V- -C
-aan na. ALL SG; stem -C
-aan ni. ALL
-ak na. agentive; stem -C
-ak v. PRES 1 SG; stem -C
-aki v. PRES 1 PL; stem -C
as- -an adj. comparative
os- -an adj. contrastive
as- -anaz adj. superlative
as- -anoz adj. sublative
ath- -ar ni. maybe something akin to -ing
-as v. IMP; informal; stem -C
-asar na. collective; inherits V from the stem's ultimate V
-at v. INF; stem -C
-e ni. ACC; epenthesis to fix uncomfortably ending stem
-e v. IPFV; epenthesis to fix uncomfortably ending stem
-e v. PRES 2-3 SG & 2-3 PL; stem -V
zi- -e v. maybe something akin to off
-ea na. ALL PL; stem -C
v- -er v. durative; stem V- -C
vi- -er v. durative; stem C- -C
-es na. ACC SG
-eser na. collective; inherits V from the stem's ultimate V
-eyya ni. meaning unknow
-i adj. PL
-i na. GEN; stem -C
-i na. NOM PL
-i ni. diminutive
-i ni. GEN
-i v. IMP; formal order
-i v. NEG PRES 2 SG & 2-3 PL; stem -C
-i v. PRES 2 SG & 2-3 PL; stem -C
-ikh ni. resultive; stem -C
-is na. ACC PL
-isir na. collective; inherits V from the stem's ultimate V
-k na. agentive; stem -V
-k v. PRES 1 SG; stem -V
-kh ni. resultive; stem -V
-ki v. PRES 1 PL; stem -V
-lat v. INF; stem -V
-o v. NEG IPFV
-o v. NEG PRES 2-3 SG & 2-3 PL; stem -V
-o v. NEG PRES 3 SG; stem -C
-oa na. ABL PL; stem -C
-of ni. augmentative; stem -C
-ok v. NEG PRES 1 SG; stem -C
-ok v. NEG PRES 1 SG; stem -V, which the o replaces
-oki v. NEG PRES 1 PL; stem -C
-oki v. NEG PRES 1 PL; stem -V, which the o replaces
-oon na. ABL SG; stem -C
-oon ni. ABL
-osor na. collective; inherits V from the stem's ultimate V
v- -r v. durative; stem V- -V
vi- -r v. durative; stem C- -V
-s v. IMP; informal; stem -V
e- -sa v. negative; stem C- -V
es- -sa v. negative; stem V- -V
-saan na. ALL SG; stem -V
-sea na. ALL PL; stem -V
-si na. GEN; stem -V
-soa na. ABL PL; stem -V
-sof ni. augmentative; stem -V
-soon na. ABL SG; stem -V
-ven adj. similative
ath- -zar ni. maybe something akin to -ing
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