High Valyrian Adpositions

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"Adposition" is a general term for "prepositions" (which precede their object) and "postpositions" (which follow their object.) High Valyrian happens to have both.

Prepositions

There are only three prepositions in the High Valyrian language.[1] Hae only occurs with the locative, but hen and va can also take a dative.

  • hae (→loc.): as, like. (AV he)
  • hen (→loc.): from, of; (→dat.) out of, on account of, thanks to, because of, for. (AV hin)
  • va (→loc.): towards, at, near; (→dat.) to, all the way up to, into. (AV va)

Postpostions

All known postpositions take a genitive object. This makes sense, as they all seem to have evolved from nouns in the locative, dative, or instrumental case.

  • (→gen): on, on top of, upon; on (the subject of), about
  • (→gen): under, beneath, below; before
  • hēdrȳ (→gen): from amongst, from the midst of
  • iemnȳ {→gen): within
  • naejot (→gen): in front of. (AV nejo)
  • ondoso (→gen): by. (AV dos, which, however, means "with")
  • (→gen): between, through, across, throughout
  • syt (→gen): for. (AV zy)
  • toliot (→gen): over; after

Notes

  1. "I had intended for there to only be three prepositions." —DJP (on IRC)
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