High Valyrian Phonotactics
The maximum possible syllable structure in High Valyrian is CCCVːCC.
A syllable may begin with a single consonant, or a permitted cluster. Known permitted clusters consist of an oral stop followed by either a liquid, or a sibilant.
A word may begin with a vowel, a single consonant, an oral stop followed by a liquid, or either of those preceded by a sibilant. That is, I word may begin with three consonants provided they occur in the following configuration:
Any consonant may appear as a geminate, except for the palatals (ñ, lj, and possibly also j)
A word may end with a vowel, s, n, t, z, or r. The only permissible consonant cluster word-finally is ks.
The palatal resonants, ñ and lj, have a particularly limited distribution:
- They may not double.
- They depalatalize before i, or any consonant except for j.
- When this happens, lj [ʎ] becomes l [l].
- Likewise, ñ [ɲ] becomes [n], however this is not consistently reflected in the transcription system: the sound may be written either n or ñ, but either way it is pronounced [n].
Disallowed consonant clusters
The following consonant clusters are known to be disallowed:
- Conversely, *nl appears to become ll, based on qrin·laodagon → qrillaodagon
A number of common soundchanges occur when a consonant is followed by r. These are particularly important for the declension of aquatic nouns and adjectives:
- Often seen in words of the aquatic gender whose stem ends in z, e.g. vestriarzir → pl. vestriarja
- Also with the prefix oz-, e.g. *oz·rughagon → ojughagon.
- (Presumably examples of this change will also occur with the prefix maz-, or type I adjectives with stems ending in z, but no examples of either are known so far.)
- *sr may also become j, but it does not always do so. Thus, either kesrio or kejio are acceptable.
- *lr apparently remains unchanged in aquatic nouns, such as pelar,but produces ldr in zaldrīzes.
For the nasals, n, m, and ñ, see Nasal Deletion, below.
- *nr or ñr become dr, with lengthening of the preceding vowel:
- By the same process, *mr produces br. Presumably this includes lengthening of the previous vowel as well, but in all examples we know so far, the vowel is already long, e.g. sūmar → pl. sūbri.
- A similar soundchange occurs when n or m (and presumably ñ as well) come before s: the nasal is deleted, with the preceding vowel lengthened, and the s becomes z
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/108188435345/what-is-high-valyrians-syllable-structure-and
- ↑ Probably not a real word. See http://www.dothraki.com/2015/01/asshekhqoyi-anni-save-save-save/#comment-85568
- ↑ http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/123153508192/i-am-tyraxes-from-yesterday-what-do-you-know
- ↑ http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/118971485709/hi-i-was-wondering-how-you-would-say-stories-can#comment-2025739614
- ↑ http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/118971485709/hi-i-was-wondering-how-you-would-say-stories-can#comment-2032888591
- ↑ https://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/52747943689/hi-im-a-big-fan-of-your-work-on-game-of-thrones
- ↑ http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/94740862654/you-said-bianor-biadra-was-subject-to-the
- ↑ http://www.dothraki.com/2014/02/relative-clauses-in-high-valyrian/#comment-7846
- ↑ http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/110910885973/how-do-you-say-tea-in-hv-is-it-subar-or