High Valyrian Vocabulary

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High Valyrian Vocabulary List

A note about the IPA pronunciation guides here.

  • The pronunciation of /v/ and /j/ can vary significantly (between [v] and [w], and between [j], [ɟ], [ʒ], and [dʒ] respectively). They are simply transcribed here as [v] and [j] for the sake of convenience, this should not be taken as strictly accurate.
  • The letter kh can also be pronounced gh, k or h depending on the speaker, since it is not a native sound.
  • The same happens with th which can vary between t, s or z depending on the speaker.
  • Finally the vowel y should be pronounced [y] but is often realized as [i].

For more detailed information, see High Valyrian Phonology. For charts of related words, see High Valyrian Word Groups.


A

  • ābra [ˈaːbra]
n. 1lun. woman; coll. ābrar womankind, all women; humanity, all people;[1] life[2] (cf. ābrar)
  • ābrar [ˈaːbrar]
n. 6col.1lun. life.[2] (Relexicalized collective from ābra)
  • ābrazȳrys [aːbraˈzyːɾys]
n. 2sol. wife ( < ābra + -zȳrys.)
  • ābrenka [aːˈbreŋka]
adj. I female.(contains -enka.)[3]
  • ademmagon [aˈdemmagon]
perfect: aderēdan
v. C-fin. (irreg.) to pay, to fulfill, to satisfy, to make good, object is usually inanimate[4] (originally from adere + -emagon to make smooth.)
Lannister va moriot zȳha gēlȳnī ademmis. — A Lannister always pays his debts.
  • adere [aˈdeɾe]
adj. II slippery; sleek, smooth; fast, quick
  • aderī [aˈdeɾiː]
adv. soon, quickly ( < adere + .)
Yn aderī, mōrī, aōt māzīli se hēnkirī īlvi biarvī manaerili. — But soon, when it is all over, we shall come to you and celebrate together.
  • aderves [aˈdeɾves]
n. 4sol. quickness, sleekness, smoothness [5]
  • āegenka [aːɛ̯ˈgeŋka]
adj. I iron ( < āegion iron + -enka)
Āegenkor Tistālior jāhor gūrotriri emilza. — The Iron Bank will have its due.[6]
Āegenkon Dēmalion vale tēmas. — The Iron Throne pokes the man.
  • āegion [ˈaːɛ̯gi͡on]
n. 3ter. iron [7]
  • Aeliks [ˈaɛ̯liks]
prop. n. 3sol. Aelix
  • āeksākogon [aːɛ̯ˈksaːkogon]
v. V-fin. to champion ( < āeksio + -ākogon)
  • āeksio [ˈaːɛ̯ksi͡o]
n. 3lun. master, lord. (cf. āeksion.)
Āeksio yne ilīritas. — The Lord has smiled upon me.
  • āeksion [ˈaːɛ̯ksi͡on]
n. 3ter. gold (cf. āeksio.)
Āeksio ondos — Hand of gold[8]
  • aemagon [ˈaɛ̯magon]
v. Insv. C-fin. (irreg.) to have, to contain ( < a- + emagon)
  • aeragon [ˈaɛ̯ragon]
perfect: aertan
v. C-fin. to move, to go (less intentional than jagon.)
  • aerēbagon [aɛ̯ˈɾeːbagon]
perfect: aerēptan
v. C-fin.. to travel ( < aeragon + -ēbagon.)
Drīvose dārys aerēbas. — Actually, the king is traveling.
  • Aerys [ˈaɛ̯ɾys]
prop. n. 2sol. Aerys.
  • āgugon [ˈaːgugon]
perfect: āgutan
v. V-fin. to swallow, to gulp
  • āgunon [ˈaːgunon]
n. 3ter. swallow, swallowing, gulp ( < āgugon + -non)
  • ajesurilaros [aɟesuriˈlaros]
n. 3sol. spice, condiment (subst. fut. act. part. of ajesuragon, lit. that which something will be sprinkled with.)
  • ajesurilaror [aɟesuriˈlaror]
n. 6col.3sol. spice in general (collective of ajesurilaros.)
  • ajomemēbagon [aɟomeˈmeːbagon]
v. Insv. C-fin. to rage on
Vīlībāzma ajomemēbza — The war rages on
  • ājon [ˈaːɟon]
n. 3ter. island (cf. AV ajo.)
  • ajorrāelagon [aɟorˈraːɛ̯lagon]
v. Insv. C-fin. to need, to require ( < a- + jorrāelagon)
  • albie [ˈalbi͡e]
adj. III bright, shiny, brilliant
  • ālion [ˈaːli͡on]
n. 3ter. area, plot of land, place, location (cf. the place suffix -(l)ion.)
  • Alysanne [alyˈsanne]
prop. n. 4lun. Alysanne
  • amanengy [amaˈneŋgy]
n. 2lun. shovel
  • amāzigon [aˈmaːzigon]
perfect: amastan
v. Insv. V-fin. to come of things ( < a- + māzigon.)
Bosys bantis amāzis, se morghor zijomy amāzis. — The long night is coming, and the dead come with it.[9]
  • āmāzigon [aːˈmaːzigon]
perfect: āmastan
v. V-fin. to return ( < ā- + māzigon.)
  • āmāzinon [aːˈmaːzinon]
n. 3ter return ( < ā- + māzigon + -non)
Ondossa jorhakēlāt, lykāpsirī Zaldrīzoti Muño āmāzinon jumbari? — Will you wring your hands, while you wait idly for the Mother of Dragons to return?[10]
  • āmazverdagon [aːmazˈveɾdagon]
perfect: āmazvēttan
v. C-fin. to recreate, to remake ( < ā- + mazverdagon.)
Hen perzȳ vȳs āmazverdagon āsittaks. — From the fire she was reborn to remake the world.[11]
  • amīsagon [aˈmiːsagon]
v. Insv. C-fin. to protect, to guard, to block of things e.g. a piece of armour or shield ( < a- + mīsagon)
  • amīvindigon [amiːˈvindigon]
v. Insv. V-fin. to taunt, to torture, to torment, to frustrate, to infuriate of things/inanimates ( < a- + mīv- + indigon)
  • ampa [ˈampa] indec.
num. ten.
  • amplie [ˈampli͡e] -ior
num. adj. III tenth.
  • anektogon [aˈnektogon]
v. Insv. V-fin. to cut ( < a- + nektogon)
  • anevegon [aneˈvegon]
v. Insv. V-fin. to transport, to convey of things i.e. the conveyance ( < a- + nevegon)
  • angogon[12] [ˈaŋgogon]
perfect: angotan
v. V-fin. to bite.
Sparos rōbir angotas? — Who bit the fig?
  • anne [ˈanne]
n. 4lun. horse[13]
  • ānogar [ˈaːnogar]
n. 1aq. blood.
Nyke Daenerys Jelmāzmo hen Targārio Lentrot, hen Valyrio Uēpo ānogār iksan. — I am Daenerys Stormborn of the House Targaryen, of the blood of Old Valyria.
zaldrīzo ānogar — Blood of the dragon[14]
  • ao [ˈaɔ̯]
pers.pron. you (sing.).
  • aōha [aˈɔːha] -ys, -on, -or
poss. adj. I your (sg.)
  • aōhon [aˈɔːhon]
poss.pron. 3ter. yours (sg.)
Aōhon iksan se ñuhon iksā — I am yours and you are mine[15]
  • aōhoso [aˈɔːhoso]
adv. in your way, as you wish (ins. of aōha.)
Aōhoso ziry rijībiā, se ñuhoso ziry rijībin. — You worship Him your way, and I'll worship Him mine.
  • aōla [aˈɔːla]
refl. 1lun. you, yourself
  • āpsos [ˈaːpsos]
n. 3sol. snout, mouth of animals (cf. AV aspo "bitch".)
  • arakhi [aˈɾaxi], arakh [aˈɾax]
n. 6for. arakh, a curved sword used by the Dothraki. ( < Doth. arakh.)
  • arghugon [ˈaɾɣugon]
perfect: arghutan
v. V-fin. to hunt
  • arghurys [ˈaɾɣuɾys]
n. 2sol. hunter ( < arghugon + -tys with rhotacism of the t)[16]
  • ārilla [aːˈɾilla]
n. 1aq°. beer (includes -illa.)
Skoriot ñuhor ārilla issa? — Where is my beer?
  • arlie [ˈaɾli͡e]
adj. III new '
Jaehossi Uēpossi Arlȳssī. — By the Old Gods and the New.
  • arlī [ˈaɾliː]
adv. back, again, anew, once more (lit. anew, < arlie + . Cf. ar-.)
Lo ziry arlī jaelāt, jemēlo syt ziry mazemagon jemo bēvilza. — If you want it back, you must take it for yourselves.
  • arliñagon [aɾliˈɲagon]
v. C-fin. to change[17], to become different, to become new, to metamorphose intrans. ( < arlie + -ñagon.)
  • arlinio [ˈaɾlini͡o]
n. 3lun. one who changes, becomes different[17] ( < arliñagon + -io.)
  • arlinnon [aɾˈlinnon]
n. 3ter. change[17], metamorphosis ( < arliñagon + -non.)
  • asēnagon [aˈseːnagon]
v. Insv. C-fin. to kill ( < a- + sēnagon)
  • āsikagon [aːsiˈkagon]
perfect: āsittan
v. C-fin. to give rebirth to, to bear again ( < ā- + sikagon.)
Hen perzȳ vȳs āmazverdagon āsittaks. — From the fire she was reborn to remake the world.[11]
  • Astapor [ˈastapor]
prop. n. 3aq. Astapor.
  • atroksia [aˈtroksi͡a]
n. 1lun. owl[18]
Konys hontes atroksia issa. — That bird is an owl.
  • ātsio [ˈaːtsi͡o]
n. 3lun tooth
  • averilla [aveˈɾilla]
n. 1aq°.[19] wine,[20] ( < avero grape + -illa.)[21]
com. averilloma used as adjective meaning drunk, tipsy.
Averilloma voktys daoriot istas. — The drunk priest went nowhere.
  • avero [aˈveɾo]
n. 3lun. grape[22]
Avera ñuhȳ relgot eman. — I have the grapes in my mouth.
  • azandy [aˈzandy]
n. 2lun. short sword
  • azantyr [aˈzantyr]
n. 6col.2sol. army. (Relexicalized collective from azantys)
  • azantys [aˈzantys]
n. 2sol. knight, soldier, warrior, swordsman, swords-woman ( < azandy + -tys.)
Morghot nēdyssy sesīr zūgusy azantys vestras. — The knight says that even the brave men fear death.

B

  • baelagon [ˈbaɛ̯lagon]
perfect: beldan
v. C-fin. to help, to aid, to assist someone →loc. with something →accc.
Taoba ñuhȳ botē baelza. — The boy is helping my work.
with inf.
Meli Voktyssy Mīrīnī lyks mazverdagon beldis. — The Red Priests helped bring peace to Meereen.[9]
  • baes [baɛ̯s]
n. 3sol. top, summit, zenith, apex; point of a sword, tip.
  • bāmves [ˈbaːmves]
n. 4sol. heat emanating or radiating off of or from something; compare dijāves ( < bāne + -ves.)
  • bāne [ˈbaːne] -ior
adj. II hot, warm to the touch; not something that feels hot, for which see dija.
  • bāngagon [ˈbaːŋgagon]
v. C-fin. to bake, to prepare a meal
Skorio syt kesī krēga bāngā? — Why are you baking these beets?
  • bantāzma [banˈtaːzma]
n. 1lun. long night, midnight or the darkest part of the night; not necessarily an instant, but a time between, say, eleven p.m. and three in the morning ( < bantis + -āzma)
Belmondo bantāzma bōsa jemī qlādīlusy botilat? — Will you let them drag you back into the long night of bondage?[10]
  • bantis [ˈbantis]
n. 5sol. night
Kesrio syt bantis zōbrie issa se ossȳngnoti lēdys. — For the night is dark and full of terrors[23]
Bosys bantis amāzis, se morghor zijomy amāzis. — The long night is coming, and the dead come with it.[9]
  • baragon [baˈɾagon]
perfect: bartan
v. C-fin. to mark, to smudge, to demarcate; to indicate, to refer to, to point out
  • bardugon [ˈbaɾdugon]
perfect: bardutan
v. V-fin. to write
  • baririon [baˈɾiɾi͡on]
n. 3ter. demonstrative (grammar), demonstrative pronoun (substantivized aorist participle of baragon; cf. ozbaragon to brand.)
  • bartanna [barˈtanna]
n. 1lun. skull ( < bartos + -anna)
  • bartos [ˈbaɾtos]
n. 3sol. head
Sparo bartos konys issa? — Whose head is that?
  • [beː]
postp.→gen. on, onto, on top of, onto the top of upon; concerning, regarding, about, with respect to, on (the subject of), about; at, in.
Meaning also often rendered with just the genitive
  • bēgor [beːgor]
n. 3aq. trout
Dāro kēla sȳriar bēgor ipradis. — The king's cats are eating a good trout.
  • belmon [ˈbelmon]
n. 3ter. chain.
Urnet luo buzdaro tolvio belma pryjātās! — Strike the chains off every slave you see!
coll. belmor bondage, servitude, slavery figuratively.
Belmondo bantāzma bōsa jemī qlādīlusy botilat? — Will you let them drag you back into the long night of bondage?[10]
  • belmos [ˈbelmos]
n. 3sol. chain link (cf. belmon)
  • belmuragon [belmuˈɾagon]
v. C-fin. to chain, to chain up, to enslave ( < belmon + -uragon.)
Ñuhi zaldrīzī belmurzi! — They are chaining up my dragons!
  • belmurtys [belˈmuɾtys]
n. 2sol.[19] slave master, slaver ( < belmuragon + -tys.)[24]
Belmurtī ivestrās kesīr pōnte jiōrinna — Tell the slavers I will receive them here
  • bēmagon [ˈbeːmagon]
perfect: bēdan
v. C-fin. to latch, seal, fasten, make fast (cf. nābēmagon.)
  • beqes [ˈbeqes]
n. 4sol. sow, female pig
  • bērigon [ˈbeːrigon]
perfect: bēritan
v. V-fin. to hang (cf. bērio)
  • bērio [ˈbeːri͡o]
n. 3lun. tunic (cf. bērigon)
  • bēuvāedagon [beːuˈvaːɛ̯dagon]
v. Loc. appl. v. C-fin. to sing about (or upon) [25] ( < bē- + u- + vāedagon )
  • bēvilagon [beːviˈlagon]
v. Loc. appl. C-fin. to be necessary; bēvilza it is necessary +gen for... +inf. to... ( literally to lie upon, < bē- + u- + ilagon.)
Lo ziry arlī jaelāt, jemēlo syt ziry mazemagon jemo bēvilza. — If you want it back, you must take it for yourselves.
  • bianor [ˈbi͡anor] biādr-
n. 3aq. ewe, female sheep[26]
Gevie riña biādrot zoklākos. — The beautiful girl is enticing a sheep.
  • biare [ˈbi͡aɾe]
adj. II fortunate, lucky, happy
Biarior Arlior Jēdari! — Happy New Year!
  • biarves [ˈbi͡aɾves]
n. 4sol. happiness, jubilation, luck, fortune[27] ( < biare + -ves.)
biarvī manaeragon to celebrate.
Yn aderī, mōrī, aōt māzīli se hēnkirī īlvi biarvī manaerili. — But soon, when it is all over, we shall come to you and celebrate together.
Biarver aōt! Cheers! (col. of biarves; lit. All joy to you!; perh. could be "jemot" if to many)
  • biarvose [ˈbi͡arvose]
exp. you’re welcome (inst. of biarves)
  • bībagon [ˈbiːbagon]
v. C-fin. to suck
  • bēvumbagon [beːˈvumbagon]
v. Loc. appl. C-fin. to float (lit. to remain above, < bē- + u- + umbagon.)
  • bīkagon [ˈbiːkagon]
perfect: bittan
v. C-fin. to suckle, give suck to; to nourish
  • biktys [ˈbiktys]
n. 2sol. wet nurse, nursing mother, nurse ( < bīkagon + -tys)
  • bisa [ˈbisa] -ys, -on, -or
dem.pron. adj. I this proximal, animate
Bisi vali īlvyz zentyssy issi. — These men are our guests.
  • bisir [ˈbisir]
dem.pron. 5aq. this one proximal, animate, for abstract or uncountable entitites
  • bisy [ˈbisy]
dem.pron. 2lun. this one proximal, animate, for concrete, countable entities
  • blēnon [ˈbleːnon]
n. 3ter. mountain
  • blēnun [ˈbleːnun]
n. 6pauc.3ter. mountain range (paucal of blēnon)
  • bode [ˈbode]
n. 5lun. tail
  • bona [ˈbona] -ys, -on, -or
dem.pron. adj. I that distal, animate
  • bonir [ˈbonir]
dem.pron. 5aq. that one distal, animate, for abstract or uncountable entities
  • bony [ˈbony]
dem.pron. 2lun. that one distal, animate, for concrete, countable entities
  • bōsa [ˈboːsa] -ys, -on, -or
adj. I long either temporally or spatially, tall
Ñuha muña bōsi azanti jorrāelza. — My mother loves a tall knight.
  • botagon [boˈtagon]
v. C-fin. to suffer →inst., the thing suffered
Lodaor hēnkos vējose hae Astaprot Yunkai botilza. — Otherwise, Yunkai will suffer the same fate as Astapor.
to endure
Valar botis — All men must endure[28]
to permit
Belmondo bantāzma bōsa jemī qlādīlusy botilat? — Will you let them drag you back into the long night of bondage?[10]
to work
Sparos kesīr botas? — Who is working here?
  • botemagon [boteˈmagon]
perfect: botēdan
v. C-fin. (irreg.) to make work, train, tutor, instruct ( < botagon + -emagon)
  • botes [ˈbotes]
n. 4sol. work (cf. botagon)
Taoba ñuhȳ botē baelza. — The boy is helping my work.
  • botose [boˈtose]
adv. hard, effortfully (inst. of botes)
  • brāedāzma [braːɛ̯ˈdaːzma]
n. 1lun. bronze ( < brāedion + -āzma.)
  • brāedion [ˈbraːɛ̯di͡on]
n. 3ter. copper
  • Brāvos [ˈbraːvos]
prop. n. 3sol. Braavos
Brāvo valot kesi tepās. — Give this to a man of Braavos.
  • brōzagon [ˈbroːzagon]
perfect: brōstan
v. C-fin. to name →acc. recipient, →inst. name. ( < brōzi.)
Melisandrose brōziks. — I am called Melisandre.[9]
Figuratively
Avy ñuhom azantomy brōzan. — I name you my knight.
In the reflexive to call oneself, to be named
Skoroso jemēle brōzāt? — What are your names?
  • brōzi [ˈbroːzi]
n. 5lun. name ( < brōzi.)
  • bughegon [buˈɣegon]
v. V-fin. to swim
  • buqagon [buˈqagon]
v. to hate
  • buzdari [buzˈdaɾi], buzdar [buzˈdar]
n. 6for. slave ( < AV buzdar < Ghiscari.)
Zaldrīzes buzdari iksos daor. — A dragon is not a slave.
  • byka [ˈbyka] -ys, -on, -or
adj. I small
Kesa gelte byka issa. — This helmet is small.
  • byllie [ˈbylli͡e] -ior
num. adj. III sixth
  • bȳre [ˈbyːɾe] -ior
num. adj. II six.
  • bȳrēpsa [byːˈɾeːpsa] indec.
num. sixty.
  • bȳrīblie [byːˈɾiːbli͡e] -ior
num. adj. III sixtieth

D

  • dāeremagon [daːɛ̯ɾeˈmagon]
perfect: dāerēdan
v. C-fin. (irreg.) to free, to liberate. hen + →dat. from something ( < dāez + -emagon.)
Dohaerirossa hen pōjo belmondo daerēdas se hen pōjo qringaomnoti Āeksia īlinurtas. — She has freed the slaves from their chains and crucified the Masters for their sins.
  • dāeremiros [daːɛ̯reˈmiros]
n. 3sol. liberator, emancipator (lit. free-maker.)
  • dāerī [ˈdaːɛ̯ɾiː]
adv. freely ( < dāez + .)
Averilloma voktys dāri dāerī ȳdratas. — The drunk priest spoke freely to the king.
  • dāerves [ˈdaːɛ̯ɾves]
n. 4sol. freedom, liberty ( < dāez + -ves.)
Dāerves jevys tepagon yne sytilībos daor. — Your freedom is not mine to give.
  • dāez [daːɛ̯z] dāerior
adj. II free.
Yne sytivīlībilāt? Hae dāero valoti? — Will you fight for me? As free men?
  • dakogon [daˈkogon]
v. V-fin. to run[29]
  • dakones [daˈkones]
n. 4sol. race as in a race where one runs on foot, though used for any type of racing competition ( < dakogon + -nes)
  • dakonon [daˈkonon]
n. 3ter. running ( < dakogon + -non)
  • daomblīrinon [daɔ̯mˈbliːrinon]
n. 3ter. rainbow ( < daomio + līrigon + -non)
  • daomio [ˈdaɔ̯mi͡o]
n. 3lun. rain.
  • daomior [ˈdaɔ̯mi͡or]
n. 6col.3lun. rainy season, rain figurative (collective of daomio.)
Kastāmiro Daomior — The Rains of Castamere
  • daor [daɔ̯r], [da'or]
adv. not, intj. no.
  • daorion [ˈdaɔ̯ri͡on]
indef.pron. 3ter. nowhere ( < daor + -ion)
  • daoriot [ˈdaɔ̯ɾi͡ot]
indef.pron. adv. nowhere;
Averilloma voktys daoriot istas. — The drunk priest went nowhere.
  • daoriot jemagon [ˌdaɔ̯ri͡ot ɟeˈmagon]
v. C-fin. vp. to not matter →com. to someone; lit. to lead nowhere.
  • daorun [ˈdaɔ̯ɾun]
indef.pron. 6pauc.3lun. nothing
Kostilus jevi āeksia yno bē pirtra jemot vestretis, iā daoruni jemot vestretis. — Your masters may have told you lies about me, or they may have told you nothing.
  • daorys [ˈdaɔ̯ɾys]
indef.pron. 2sol. no one
daorys ziry ōdrikilza. — no one will harm him.
  • dāria [ˈdaːɾi͡a]
n. 1lun. queen.[30]
Mīrīno Dāria — Queen of Meereen [31]
  • dārilaros [daːɾiˈlaɾos]
n. 3sol. heir to the throne, crown prince, crown princess ( < the dār- root seen in the dārys family of words, plus the substantivized future participle ending -ilaros, as if from a verb *dāragon. However, no such verb exists in the classical language, and it is uncertain if there ever was one.):
Kivio Dārilaros The Prince That Was Promised
Meri kīvio dārilaros ōz maghagon kostas. — Only the prince who was promised can bring the dawn.[9]
Ziry kivio dārilaros issa, se zȳhon suvio perzō vāedar issa. — He is the prince that was promised, and his is the song of ice and fire.[32]
  • Dārio [ˈdaːɾi͡o]
prop. n. 3aq. Daario (cf. dārys.)
Daor, bisy arlie Dārio issa. — No, this is the new Daario.
  • dārion [ˈdaːɾi͡on]
n. 3ter. kingdom.
Dāria Sikudo Dārȳti Vestero. — the Queen of the Seven Kingdoms of Westeros.
  • dārōñe [daːˈɾoːɲe]
adj. II royal[33] ( < dārys + -ōñe.)
  • Dāro Vilinion [ˈdaːro viˌlini͡on]
prop. n. 3ter. King’s Landing
  • dārys [ˈdaːɾys]
n. 2sol. king.
Roberti Dāri zȳhi nekēpti se Āeksiot Ōño jemagon. — Turn King Robert away from his idols and toward the Lord of Light
  • davābagon [daˈvaːbagon]
v. C-fin. to rain. [34] (an -ābagon formation off a root *dav-, perh. primordially related to daomio, rain.)
  • dēmagon [ˈdeːmagon]
perfect: dēmatan
v. V-fin. to sit, to sit down
Kēli Davidȳ dēmas. — The cat sits on David.[35]
  • dēmalion [ˈdeːmali͡on]
n. 3ter. throne ( < dēma- + -lion.)
Tymptir Dēmalȳti — A Game of Thrones[36]
Āegenkon Dēmalion vale tēmas. — The Iron Throne pokes the man.
  • deks [deks]
n. 3sol. foot, footfall
Aōhys zentys gevī dekossa ēza. — Your guest has beautiful feet.
  • dekuragon [dekuˈɾagon]
v. C-fin. to step.[37] ( < deks + -uragon.)
  • dekurūbagon [dekuˈɾuːbagon]
v. C-fin. to walk, to go on foot ( < dekur- + -ēbagon.)
  • deragon [deˈragon]
v. C-fin. to pluck, to pick fruit or flowers (cf. AV mazedhas derari he was taken.)
  • derēbagon [deˈɾeːbagon]
perfect: derēptan
v. C-fin. to gather, to collect ( < deragon + -ēbagon)
Vala Aero syt rōbra derēbza. — The man collects figs for Aerys.
  • dīnagon [ˈdiːnagon]
perfect: dīntan
v. C-fin. to put, to place something on something else to which it is commonly associated e.g. to put a ring on a finger or a shirt on a torso, but not a book on a table[38].
to marry, to wed →nom. the one performing the ceremony; →acc. the one who is being married who is being focused on; →com. the other participant; often used in the passive[4].
Ao ynoma dīnilūks? — Will you marry me?
ozdakonot dīnagon to put to flight, chase away.
Sȳndrori jorrāelis lȳr ozdakonot ziry dīntis. — Those who love the darkness chased her away.[10]
  • dija [ˈdiɟa]
adj. I hot, warm a feeling that one can have for something that's hot to the touch, see bāne); aroused, horny
  • dijāves [diˈɟaːves]
n. 4sol. heat that one feels; desire, arousal, horniness (considered offensive, gross or silly) ( < dija + -ves)
  • dijemagon [diɟeˈmagon]
v. C-fin. (irreg.) to warm, to warm up, to make warm ( < dija + -emagon)
  • dobotēda [doboˈteːda]
adj. I ignorant, untutored, clumsy ( < do- + botēda)
  • dobotēdāves [doboteːˈdaːves]
n. 4sol. ignorance[39] ( < dobotēda + -ves.)
Dobotēdāves. Nāgīdāves. Qrinuntenkāves. — Ignorance. Inequality. Antagonism[40]
  • dohaeragon [doˈhaɛ̯ɾagon]
perfect: dohaertan
v. C-fin. to serve. Valar dohaeris All men must serve, the response to valar morghūlis
Sȳrī avy ūjus dohaeragon. — May it serve you well.[41]
Dohaeriakson raqan. — I like to be served.[42]
  • dohaeririon [doˈhaɛ̯riri͡on]
n. 3ter. slavery, service (type II substantivized aorist participle of dohaeragon.)
  • dohaeriros [doˈhaɛ̯ɾiɾos]
n. 3sol. slave, servant (type I substantivized aorist participle of dohaeragon.)
Dārys rybis sepār dohaeriros rybis — He hears the king as he hears the slave
  • dohaertros [doˈhaɛ̯ɾtros]
n. 3sol. one who was previously a slave (past habitual active participle of dohaeragon.)
Astaprot dohaertrossa sīr yno inkot iōrzi, dāeri. — Those who were slaves in Astapor now stand behind me, free.
  • dokimare [dokiˈmare]
adj. II serious, studious, focused, disciplined, steady, strong, driven (perh. do- + the act. pres. part. of an unknown verb *kimagon, perh. meaning something like to mess around.)
  • dokimarves [dokiˈmarves]
n. 4sol. seriousness, studiousness, discipline, drive, strength, resolve, focus ( < dokimare + -ves)
  • dōna [ˈdoːna]
adj. I. sweet[43], pleasant
  • dōre [ˈdoːɾe] -ior
adj. II no
Dōrior dārion udrirzi mijessis. — There’s no country without a language.
Yn dōre vala iksan. — But I am no man.[44]
  • dōrenka [doːˈɾeŋka]
adj. I made of stone ( < dōron + -enka.)
  • dōrenky [doːˈɾeŋky]
n. 2lun stoney one; Stone Man i.e. a person in the late stages of the Grey Plague. (Subst. of dōrenka.)
He hears the Stone Men in their misery… — mundari dorenki rybis…
  • dōrī [ˈdoːɾī]
indef.pron. adv. never
Mirri ōdria uēpi dōrī drējī zgiēñisi... — Some old wounds never truly heal...
  • dorolvie [doˈɾolvi͡e] -ior
adj. III not much, few ( < dor- + olvie)
  • dōron [ˈdoːɾon]
n. 3ter. stone
  • dōror [ˈdoːror]
n. 6col.3sol. or 3aq. fort, fortification (collective of dōros)
  • dōros [ˈdoːɾos]
n. 3sol. wall (cf. dōron)
  • dorrīza [dorˈriːza]
n. 1lun. basilisk ( < doron + rīza)
  • dorzalty [doɾˈzalty]
n. 2lun. The Unburnt (Substantivized form of *dorzalta unburnt < do- + zalta.)
Daenerys Targarien, Jelmāzmo, Dorzalty, Dāria Sikudo Dārȳti Vestero, Muña Zaldrīzoti. — Daenerys Targaryen, the Stormborn, the Unburnt, the Queen of the Seven Kingdoms of Westeros, the Mother of Dragons.
  • Dothraki [ˈdoθraki]
n. 6for. Dothraki
Daenerys ampa pyrī Dothrakoti ēza. — Daenerys has ten thousand Dothraki.
  • dovaogēdy [dovaɔ̯ˈgeːdy]
n. 2lun. an Unsullied. Col. Dovaogēdyr the Unsullied as a group. (Substantivized form of *dovaogēda unsullied < do- + vaogēda, perf.part. of vaogemagon.)
Dovaogēdys! Naejot memēbātās! — Unsullied! Forward march!
  • drāmmagon [ˈdraːmmagon]
perfect: drāñēdan
v. C-fin. (irreg.) to open specifically a door, gate or window ( < older *drāñemagon < drāñe + -emagon)
  • drakarys [draˈkaɾys]
n. 2sol. dragon-fire.
  • drāñe [ˈdraːɲe]
adj. II wide
  • drēje [ˈdreːɟe]
adj. II true, correct, right, just, veritable
Dārys issa vestris, se prūmio ñuho konir drējior issa. — They say he is a king and of my heart that is true.
  • drējī [ˈdreːɟī]
adv. truly, correctly; very (intensifier) ( < drēje + .)
Mirri ōdria uēpi dōrī drējī zgiēñisi... — Some old wounds never truly heal...
Drējī kirine arlī iksan. — I am really happy again.
  • drīves [ˈdriːves]
n. 4sol. truth, correctness, justness, justice; right, justification, excuse, reason (poss. drēje + -ves.)
Jehikarȳ Kinvaro iōrat, Eglio Vokto hen Rijībliot Volantīhot, Drīvo Perzo, Sylvio Ōño, Dohaeriro Ēlio Āeksio Oño syt. — You stand in the presence of Kinvara, High Priestess of the Red Temple of Volantis, the Flame of Truth, the Light of Wisdom, the First Servant of the Lord of Light.[45]
drīvose actually, in fact; in truth, truly, really, drīvose daor actually not, actually no
Drīvose azantys ābra issa. — Actually the knight is a woman.
  • Drogon [ˈdrogon]
prop. n. 3ter. Drogon
  • drōmon [ˈdroːmon]
n. 3ter. egg
Drōmon nektō? — Are you slicing an egg?
  • drūr [ˈdruːr]
adv. tomorrow
  • dubāzma [duˈbaːzma]
n. 1lun. cousin by father's sister or mother's brother, cross cousin[46].
Daor, bony ñuha dubāzma issa. — No, that one is my cousin.
  • dubys [ˈdubys]
n. 2sol. sibling; cousin by father's brother or mother's sister, parallel cousin[46].
Aōhys dubys gevie issa! — Your sibling is beautiful!
  • dȳñes [ˈdyːɲes]
n. 4sol. animal, beast
Dȳñer raqiror issa. — All animals are friends.[47]

E

  • ēbrion [ˈeːbri͡on]
n. 3ter. night sky[33]; ēbrio gō under the night sky
  • ēbrior [ˈeːbri͡or]
n. 6col.3ter. the night skies, space (collective of ēbrion)
  • ēdrugon [ˈeːdrugon]
perfect: ēdrutan
v. V-fin. to sleep
Valar Ēdrussis — All Men Must Sleep
  • ēdrunon [ˈeːdrunon]
n. 3ter. sleep ( < ēdrugon + -non)
  • ēdrurys [ˈeːdrurys]
n. 2sol. dream ( < ēdrugon + -rys)
  • eglia [ˈegli͡a]
n. 1lun. ancestor (cf. eglie)
  • egliar [ˈegli͡ar]
n. 6col.1lun. ancestors, ancestry (collective of eglia)
  • eglie [ˈegli͡e] -ior
adj. III high
Voktys Eglie aōt gaomilaksir teptas. — The High Priest gave you a mission.
  • eglives [eˈglives]
n. 4sol. highness, height; grace, highness, a title of respect for a ruler ( < eglie + -ves)
  • egralbar [eˈgralbar]
n. 1aq. spear ( < egros + -albar)
  • egros [ˈegros]
n. 3sol. edge; blade; sword (cf. egry.)
  • egry [ˈegry]
n. 2lun. knife, razor (cf. egros.)
Vala egromy rōbir ezīmza. — The man splits the fig with a knife.
  • elēdrar [eˈleːdrar]
n. 6col.1aq. tides, ocean, time, the passage of time (collective of elēnar)
  • elekor [eˈlekor]
n. 6col.3sol. hearing (collective of eleks)
  • eleks [ˈeleks]
n. 3sol. ear
Muña taobe elekot ondurtas. — The mother grabbed the boy by his ear.
  • elēnagon [eˈleːnagon]
v. C-fin. to swing, to sway, to oscillate, to move back and forth, to twist in the breeze (cf. elēnar)
  • elēnar [eˈleːnar]
n. 1aq. tide[48] (cf. elēni perh. the semantic connection is rhythm?)
  • elēni [eˈleːni]
n. 5lun. voice, speech;[49] music, melody;[50] individuality, opinion figurative (cf. elēnar.)
Āeksio Oño elēni jeve rybis. — The Lord of Light hears your voice.
Zaldrīzesse biādroti elēnȳti zūgusy daor. — Dragons do not fear the opinions of sheep.
  • elēnin [eˈleːnin]
n. 6pauc.5lun. performance, generally music accompanied by dance (paucal of elēni)
  • elēnir [eˈleːnir]
n. 6col.5lun. music in the general sense (collective of elēni)
  • ēlie [ˈeːli͡e] -ior
adj. III first; primary
  • ēlī [ˈeːliː]
adv. first
Sparos ēlī morghūlilza? — Who will die first?[51]
  • elilla [eˈlilla]
n. 1aq°. honey ( < ēs + -illa.)
Havon elillē emi. — We have bread and honey.
  • ellagon [ˈellagon]
v. V-fin. to embrace, to hug →inst. using a particular part of the body
  • elun [ˈelun]
n. 6pauc.3sol. swarm of bees (paucal of ēs)
  • emagon [eˈmagon]
perfect: ēdan
v. C-fin. (irreg.) to have. 3s. pres. act. ind. ēza, 3pl. ēzi, imperfect emilen, emiles, etc.)
  • embar [ˈembar]
n. 1aq. sea, ocean. Col. embrar "the sea(s)", oceans in a more figurative sense[52]
Olvie hen embraro tolmiot nykēlot avy ivestragon issa. — So much news I have to give you from over the seas.
  • embāzma [emˈbaːzma]
n. 1lun. great sea perh. in some sort of metaphorical sense? Parmenko Embāzmā The Great Grass Sea of the Dothraki ( < embar + -āzma.)
Hen Parmenko Embāzmā Khalēsi — Khaleesi of the Great Grass Sea
  • embōñe [emˈboːƞe] -or
adj. II aquatic, oceanic ( < embar + -ōñe.); embōñe kēli sea otter.[53]
  • endia [ˈendi͡a]
n. 1lun. west, the west (cf. endie, western)[54]
Lo vēzos endiā sīmonus se ñāqot mazilībus. — When the sun rises in the west and sets in the east.[55]
  • endie [ˈendi͡e] -ior
adj. III west, western (adj. formation off of endia.)
  • endīha [enˈdiːha]
adj. I from the west, from the western lands ( < endia + -īha)
n. 1lun. westerner
  • ēngenka [eːŋˈgeŋka]
adj. I tasty, good said of food, flavourful (ēngos + -enka)
Ēngenkor elille emā? — Do you have good honey?
  • ēngītsos [ˈeːŋgiːtsos]
n. 3sol. little tongue[56] ( < ēngos + -ītsos.)
  • ēngos [ˈeːŋgos]
n. 3sol. tongue; language. Muño ēngos "mother tongue." Quptenkys Ēngos The Common Tongue.
Valyrio muño ēngos ñuhys issa. — Valyrian is my mother tongue.
Quptenkos Ēngoso ȳdrassis? — Do you speak the Common tongue?
com. ēngoso used as an adjective meaning talkative, chatty.
Bony ēngoso taoba issa! — That one is a chatty boy!
  • enkagon [ˈeŋkagon]
v. C-fin. to owe +inst: the thing owed; +acc: the person to whom it is owed.
Dāervose jevosy yne enkot daor. — You do not owe me your freedom.
  • epagon [eˈpagon]
perfect: eptan
v. C-fin. to ask somebody→dat. a question→acc.
Ynot mirros epās! — Ask me something![57]
of somebody→dat. a favor→acc.
Skoros ynot epilū? — What would you ask of me?
Obl. appl. iepagon (less correctly jepagon) "to ask for" something→acc., of someone→dat.
Āeksiot zȳhon vaoreznon jepin, se ziksoso udlissis. — I ask the Lord for His favor, and He responds as He will.
  • epses [ˈepses]
4sol. female goat, nanny goat
  • ērinagon [eːɾiˈnagon]
v. C-fin. to win[4]
Skorī dēmalȳti tymptir tymis, ērinis iā morghūlis. — When you play the game of thrones, you win or you die.
  • ērinnon [ˈeːɾinnon]
n. 3ter. victory[58] ( < ērinagon + -non.)
  • ēs [ˈeːs] el-
n. 3sol. bee (cf. elilla)
  • ezīma [eˈziːma]
adj. I half
  • ezīmagon [eˈziːmagon]
v. C-fin. to split with va →dat. into... (cf. ezīma)
Vala egromy rōbir ezīmza. — The man splits the fig with a knife.
Insv. hezīmagon.
  • ezīmos [eˈziːmos]
n. 3sol. part, division (cf. ezīmagon)
  • ezīmpty [eˈziːmpty]
n. 2lun. sandal (cf. ezīmagon)
  • ezīmy [eˈziːmy]
n. 2lun. window, slit (opening in a wall) (cf. ezīmagon)

G

  • gaba [ˈgaba]
n. 1lun. monkey ( < Yi Ti)
  • gadbagi [ˈgadbagi], gadbag [ˈgadbag]
n. 6for.lun. slave name ( < AV gadbag < Ghiscari.)
Gadbag aōhe qrīdrughās. — Throw away your slave name.
  • gallie [ˈgalli͡e] -ior
num. adj. III hundredth, one hundredth
  • galry [ˈgalry]
n. 2lun. hammer, mallet
  • galryr [ˈgalryr]
n. 6col.2lun. industry, construction (collective of galry.)
  • gaomagon [ˈgaɔ̯magon]
perfect: gōntan
v. C-fin. to do, to act, to perform; →dat. & inf. allow
Mentyri idañe jevi ivestrilātās keskydoso gaomagon. — You shall tell your fellow soldiers to do likewise.
  • gaomilaksir [gaɔ̯miˈlaksir]
n. 5aq. task, chore, errand, mission (substantivized fut.pass.part. of gaomagon, lit. that which is to be done.)
Voktys Eglie aōt gaomilaksir teptas. — The High Priest gave you a mission.
  • gaomon [ˈgaɔ̯mon]
n. 3ter. action, issue, matter, act, deed
Se dāeri vali pōntalo syt gaomoti iderēbzi. — And free men make their own choices.
  • gaos [ˈgaɔ̯s]
n. 3sol? nadir, underside; animal belly, animal stomach
  • gār [gaːr] indec.
num. hundred.
  • garaktys [ga'raktys]
n. 2sol. vulture
  • gēlenka [geːˈleŋko] -ys, -on, -or
adj. I silver-colored; silver-like,[59] ( < gēlion + -enka.)
  • gēliapos [ˈgeːli͡apos]
n. 3sol. silver coin ( < gēlion + -iapos.)
  • gēlion [ˈgeːli͡on]
n. 3ter. silver.
  • gēlior [ˈgeːli͡or]
n. 6col.3ter. money, currency, cash (relex. col. of gēlion silver.)
Gēlȳndi aōt tepagon jaelas. — He wants to give you money.[10]
  • gelte [ˈgelte]
n. 4lun.[19] helmet (cf. geltigon.)
Geltī aōhe nādīnās. — Remove your helmet.
  • geltialbar [gelˈti͡albar]
n. 1aq. meeting place, gathering place, exhibition hall ( < geltion + -albar.)
  • geltigon [ˈgeltigon]
v. V-fin. to cover, to cover up (cf. gelte.)
  • geltion [ˈgelti͡on]
n. 3ter. roof (cf. geltigon.)
  • gēlȳn [ˈgeːlyːn]
n. 6pauc.3ter. debt[4] (relex. pauc. of gēlion silver.)
Lannister va moriot zȳha gēlȳnī addemmis. — A Lannister always pays his debts.
  • genes [ˈgenes]
n. 4sol. mouse, rat
  • gepton [ˈgepton]
n. 3ter. left, left part, left side (cf. geptot.)
  • geptot [ˈgeptot]
adv. left (dat./loc. of gepton.)
Mittyssy geptot ilzi se voktyssy paktot. — There are fools to the left, and priests to te right.
  • geralbar [geˈɾalbar]
n. 1aq. road ( < geron + -albar.)
  • geron [ˈgeɾon]
n. 3ter. walk.
Qilōnario Geron. — Walk of Punishment.
  • geros ilas ['geɾos 'ilas]
exp. good bye.[60]
  • gerpa [ˈgeɾpa]
n. 1lun. fruit, piece of fruit; more generally the edible part of a plant.
  • gevī [ˈgeviː]
adv. beautifully ( < gevia + .)
Gevī ȳdrā, azantys! — You speak beautifully, knight!
  • gevie [ˈgevi͡e]
adj. III. beautiful[61]
  • gevives [geˈvives]
n. 4sol. beauty[62] ( < gevie + -ves.)
  • gevurlion [geˈvurli͡on]
n. 3ter. park (perh. < gevie + -urlion.)
  • Ghīs [ɣiːs]
prop. n. 3sol. Ghis
Valyri Ghīs idakotis. — The Valyrians attacked Ghis.
  • Ghīska [ˈɣiːska]
adj. I Ghiscari
Mīrīn, Astapor, Junkāe Ghīska oktia issi. — Meereen, Astapor, and Yunkai are Ghiscari cities.
Ghīski āeksia Daenero zaldrīzī sindigon sylutis. — The Ghiscari masters tried to buy Daenerys' dragons.
  • gīda [ˈgiːda]
adj. I. equal, even[39]; steady, by extension calm[63].
…iēdrosa gīdāpa. — …calm as still water.
  • gīdāves [giːˈdaːves]
n. 4sol. equality ( < gīda + -ves; also cf. nāgīdāves.)
  • gīdemagon [giːdeˈmagon]
perfect: gīdēdan
v. C-fin. (irreg.) to steady, stabilize; to even up, equalize ( < gīda + -emagon.)
  • gīdrion [ˈgiːdri͡on]
n. 3ter. sin?
  • giēñagon [ˈgi͡eːɲagon]
v. C-fin.' to heal (intransitive), to be healed, to become healed, to become healthy (perh. giez + -ēñagon.)
Insv. zgiēñagon to heal of wounds etc. as opposed to people.
Mirri ōdria uēpi dōrī drējī zgiēñisi... — Some old wounds never truly heal...
  • giēñēbagon [gi͡eːˈɲeːbagon]
perfect: giēñēptan
v. C-fin. to recuperate ( < giēñagon + -ēbagon.)
  • giēñemagon [gi͡eːɲeˈmagon]
perfect: giēñēdan
v. C-fin. (irreg.) to treat, to cure, to heal (s/o else) ( < giēñagon + -emagon.)
  • giēñilare [gi͡eːɲiˈlare]
adj. II to heal, yet to heal, not yet healed (active future participle of giēñagon, lit. "who will be healed".)
  • Giēñilaros [gi͡eːɲiˈlaɾos]
n. 3sol. One Who is Not Yet Healed, a term used in Astapor for Unsullied in training (type I substantive of giēñilare. AV ginilaro.)
  • gierion [ˈgi͡eri͡on]
n. 3ter. people, populace (type II substantive of giez.)
  • gierūljagon [gi͡eˈruːʎagon]
perfect: gierūltan
v. C-fin. to gather, assemble, congregate, get together ( < giez + -ūljagon.)
  • gierūlnon [gieˈruːlnon]
n. 3ter. assembly, gathering, audience, crowd, congregation ( < gierūljagon + -non.)
  • giez [gi͡ez] gier-
adj. II whole
  • gīmēdegon [giːˈmeːdegon]
perfect: gīmēdetan
v. V-fin. to warn, to advise, to signal, to give warning to, to notify (eventative of gīmīmagon.)
  • gīmēdenon [giːˈmeːdenon]
n. 3ter. warning, notice, signal, advice ( < gīmēdegon + -non.)
  • gīmigon [ˈgiːmigon]
v. V-fin. to know facts or information, to know how to do something →inf.
Kesir gīmī. — You know this
Daoruni gīmī, Ionos Sōnaro. — You know nothing, Jon Snow.
Gīmissiks. — It is known.[64]
  • gīmīmagon [giːˈmiːmagon]
perfect: gīmēdan
v. C-fin. to inform, to instruct, to teach ( < gīmigon + -emagon.)
  • gīs [ˈgiːs] gīh-
n. 3sol.[65] soul, spirit.
Zȳhys ōñoso jehikagon Āeksiot epi, se gīs hen sȳndrorro jemagon. — We ask the Lord to shine his light, and lead a soul out of darkness.
  • glaesa [ˈglaɛ̯sa]
adj. I alive (cf. glaesagon.)
  • glaesagon [ˈglaɛ̯sagon]
v. C-fin. to live, to fare in the general sense; used with adv. to describe state of well-being: Skorkydoso glaesā? How are you?, Syrī glaesan I'm good.[64]:
  • glaesenka [glaɛ̯ˈseŋka]
adj. I lifelike ( < glaeson + -enka.)
  • glaeson [ˈglaɛ̯son]
n. 3ter. life. Col. glaesor existence, life (slightly more abstract/figurative)[2]
Keso glaesot iderēptot daor. — You did not choose this life.
  • [goː]
postp.→gen. under, beneath, below, underneath, underneath of, to the underside of; before (temporally)
adv. under, beneath, below; before (temporally)
Skoriot daorys gō istas nēdenkirī jagon. — To boldly go where no one has gone before.[66]
  • gōviāragon [goːˈvi͡aːragon]
v. Loc. appl. C-fin. to flow under ( < gō- + v- + iāragon.)
  • gōvilagon [goːviˈlagon]
v. Loc. appl. C-fin. to be under, to be underneath, to lie under, to be below, to lie below, to be beneath, to lie beneath →gen. ( < gō- + u- + ilagon.)
...rūso zȳhosy gōvilirose zijo syt pyghas lue prūmie. — ... with his child beneath the heart that beats for him.
  • gōvilemagon [goːvileˈmagon]
v. Loc. appl. C-fin. (irreg.) to put under, to cause to be under →dat. the thing under which it is put ( < gō- + u- + ilagon + -emagon.)
Daenerys zȳhi byki zaldrīzī qurdot gōvilēza. — Daenerys is putting her little dragon under the table.
  • gōvilirion [goːviˈliri͡on]
n. 3ter catacomb, catacombs (type II substantive of the active aorist participle of gōvilagon; lit. "that/the place which lies beneath".)
  • grēges [ˈgreːges]
n. 4sol. louse.
  • grevenka [greˈveŋka] -ys -on -or
adj. I round ( < grevy + -enka.)
  • greviapos [greˈvi͡apos]
n. 3sol. belt ( < grevion + -iapos.)
  • grevion [ˈgrevi͡on]
n. 3ter. waist, circumference (cf. grevy.)
  • grevy [ˈgrevy]
n. 2lun. wheel[67]
  • grozilla [groˈzilla]
n. 1aq°. boundary, border, bound, limit ( < grozion + -illa.)
  • grozillar [groˈzillar]
n. 6col.1aq°. borders, territory (referring to countries or lands) (collective of grozilla.)
  • grozion [ˈgrozi͡on]
n. 3ter. furrow, ditch, trench
  • grozior [ˈgrozi͡or]
n. 6col.3ter. field (plowed) (collective of grozion.)
  • gryves [ˈgryves]
n. 4sol. bear.
Gryves se Riña Litse. — The Bear and the Maiden Fair.
  • guēse [ˈgu͡eːse]
n. 4lun. tree
  • guēsin [ˈgu͡eːsin]
n. 6pauc.4lun. forest (pauc. of guēse.)
  • gūrēñagon [guːˈɾeːɲagon]
perfect: gūrēntan
v. C-fin. to learn (perh. gūrogon + -ēñagon.)
Valar gūrēñis — All men must learn[68]
  • gūrēnilaksir [guːɾeːniˈlaksir]
n. 5aq. lesson (type II substantive of future passive participle of gūrēñagon, lit. "that which will be learned".).
Gūrēnilaksir Ēlior — Lesson 1/First Lesson.
  • gūrēntir [guːˈreːntir]
n. 5aq. information, knowledge (type II substantive of the perfect participle of gūrēñagon; lit. "that which has been learned".)
  • gūrogon [ˈguːɾogon]
perfect: gūrotan
v. V-fin. to take[4]; in the reflexive to earn, merit, deserve
Ñuhor līr gūrēnna. — I will take what is mine.[4]
Laodiapossa buzdaris gūrogon. — Let the slave pick up the masks.
  • gūrotir [ˈguːrotir]
n. 5aq. desert, fate, that which is deserved; usually in the col. gūrotrir. (type II substantive of the perfect participle of gūrogon.)
  • gūrotrir [ˈguːɾotrir]
n. 6col.5aq. fate, that which one has earned, that which one deserves, one's due, just deserts (collective of gūrotir.)
Se jevo qrinuntoti pōjor gūrotriri maghan. — And I bring your enemies what they deserve.
Āegenkor Tistālior jāhor gūrotriri emilza. — The Iron Bank will have its due.[6]

H

  • hae [haɛ̯]
prep.→loc. as, like, similar to, in the guise of, acting as.
Yne sytivīlībilāt? Hae dāero valoti? — Will you fight for me? As free men?
  • hāedar [ˈhaːɛ̯dar]
n. 1aq. younger sister; younger female cousin by father's brother or mother's sister[46].
Valar limassis, hāedus. Valar limassis. — All men must cry, little sister. All men must cry.
Ñuhor haedri renīs se nykēla avy ossēninna! — Touch my sister and I'll kill you myself![69]
  • haeragon [ˈhaɛ̯ragon]
v. C-fin. to move (said of something inanimate that moves, as in an arm, a leg, a contraption, or, in certain cases, an animal)
  • hakogon [haˈkogon]
v. V-fin. to pull something from somewhere.
  • hakossiarza [hakosˈsi͡arza]
adj. I crazy, insane, mad, addled (aorist passive participle of hakogon)
  • hakossiarzir [hakosˈsi͡arzir]
n. 5aq. insanity, lunacy, craziness, madness (type II substantive of hakossiarza)
  • hakossiarzy [hakosˈsi͡arzy]
n. 2lun. lunatic, crazy person, madman (type I substantive of hakossiarza)
  • hāre [ˈhaːɾe] -ior
num. adj. II three
  • hārēpsa [haːˈɾeːpsa] indec.
num. thirty
  • hārīblie [haːˈɾiːbli͡e]
num. adj. III thirtieth
  • harrenka [harˈreŋka]
adj. I appropriate, suitable, appropriately sized, suitably sized, the right size
Ñuhys zaldrīzes harrenkys issa. — My dragon is the right size.
  • harris [ˈharris]
n. 5sol. while, duration (cf. harrenka)
  • haver [ˈhaver]
n. 6col. loaf of bread (collective of haves)
  • haves [ˈhaves]
n. 4sol. piece of bread (cf. havon)
  • havon [ˈhavon]
n. 3ter bread[70]
Havon sīr ipradakson kostas. — The bread can now be eaten.[42]
  • havor [ˈhavoɾ]
n. 6col.3ter. food (relex. col. of havon bread.)
  • hēdrȳ [ˈheːdryː]
postp.→gen. from amongst (prob. hen + , with nasal deletion.)
Jenti jevi jemēle iderēbilātās, qogrondo jevo hēdrȳ. — You will select a leader, from amongst your own ranks.
  • hēdys [ˈheːdys]
n. 2sol. butcher (hegagon + -tys.)
Issa, aōho hēdo taobe sēntan! — Yes, I killed your butcher's boy!
  • hegagon [heˈgagon]
v. C-fin. to slaughter
  • hegharys [heˈɣarys]
n. 2sol. carcass
  • hegnīr [ˈhegniːr]
adv. like that, in that way (seemingly from hae konīr.)
Issa, drīvose hegnīr ēdrus. — Yes, she is actually sleeping like that.
conj. →subj. so that
Gēlȳndi aōt tepagon jaelas, hegnīr aōhys rūs ipradagon kostos. — He only wants to give you money, so your baby can eat.[10]
  • heksīr [ˈheksiːr]
adv. like this, in this way (seemingly from hae kesīr.)
Issa, heksīr ipradan. — Yes, I am eating like this.
  • heltar [ˈheltar]
n. 1aq. beetle
  • hembar [ˈhembar]
adv. next ( < pār, presumably with hen.)
Hembar Yunkaihot istan. — Next I went to Yunkai.
  • hen [hen]
prep.→loc. from, of; →dat. out of; because of, on account of, thanks to, on (in the sense of paid for by)
Nyke Daenerys Jelmāzmo hen Targārio Lentrot, hen Valyrio Uēpo ānogār iksan. — I am Daenerys Stormborn of the House Targaryen, of the blood of Old Valyria.
Hen ynot mōzīli! — Drinks are on me![71]
  • hēnka [ˈheːŋka]
adj. I same
Lodaor hēnkos vējose hae Astaprot Yunkai botilza. — Otherwise, Yunkai will suffer the same fate as Astapor.
  • hēnkirī [ˈheːŋkiɾiː]
adv. together ( < hēnka + .)
Yn aderī, mōrī, aōt māzīli se hēnkirī īlvi biarvī manaerili. — But soon, when it is all over, we shall come to you and celebrate together.
'adv. in kind
Tolvi zijo syt vilībari morghūljosy li henkiri sigliliks. — All those who die fighting for her shall be reborn in kind.
  • henujagon [henuˈɟagon]
perfect: hembistan
v. Loc. appl. irreg. to exit, to leave. ( < hen- + u- + jagon.)
Henujagon jaelza lua vala mirre henujagon kostas. — Any man who wishes to leave may leave.
  • hepnon [ˈhepnon]
n. 3ter. climb. (< unattested *hep- to climb + -non.)
Hepnon. — The Climb.
  • hepvos [ˈhepvos]
n. 3sol. ladder.[72] (< unattested *hep- to climb + *-vos, presumably some sort of instrument-forming suffix.)
Qrīdronnor hepvos issa. — Chaos is a ladder.
  • hezīmagon [heˈziːmagon]
v. Insv. C-fin. to split, used with instrumental subjects ( < a- + ezīmagon.)
(Valo ondoso) rōbir egry hezīmza. — The knife (of the man) splits the fig.
(Egromy) rōbir hezīmaks. — The fig is split (with a knife).
  • hēzīr [ˈheːziːr]
adv. henceforth, from now on ( < hen + sīr with nasal deletion.)
Hēzīr, brōza jevi jemēle iderēbilātās. — From this day forward, you will choose your own names.
  • hīghagon [ˈhiːɣagon]
v. to scream[73]
... se avy ōdrikosy lī hīghari morghūlilzi. — ... and those who would harm you will die screaming.
  • hīlagon [ˈhiːlagon]
v. C-fin. to hit
  • hīlībagon [hiːˈliːbagon]
perfect: hīlīptan
v. C-fin. to pummel, to beat ( < hilagon + -ībagon)
  • hilmio [ˈhilmi͡o]
n. 3lun. fist (cf. pālemio; note the short vowel despite likely from hīlagon + -mio)
  • hinikagon [hiniˈkagon]
perfect: hinittan
v. C-fin. to put outside, turn out; to expose; to risk, put in danger (perh. related to hen, possibly containing -ikagon)
  • hiōragon [ˈhi͡oːragon]
v. Insv. C-fin. to stand of things ( < h- + iōragon)
  • hiōriros [ˈhi͡oːriros]
n. 3sol. statue (type I substantive of the active aorist participle of hiōragon; lit. "a standing one -always-".)
  • hobrenka [hoˈbreŋka]
adj. I idiotic ( < hobres + -enka, lit. goat-like)
  • hobres [ˈhobres]
n. 4sol. male goat, billy goat.
kastys hobresse — “blue goats”.
  • hontes [ˈhontes]
n. 4sol. bird.
Issa, ñuhys raqiros hontes issa. — Yes, my friend is a bird.
  • hoskagon [ˈhoskagon]
v. C-fin. to cause to swell; to inspire pride in, to make proud, to give (one) pride (perh. hōzigon + -kagon.)
... iderēbās. Avy hoskas lue brōzi. — Choose... A name that gives you pride.
  • hōzalbor [hoːˈzalbor]
n. 3aq. ogre, beast, monster, monstrosity (cf. hōze)
  • hōze [ˈhoːze]
n. 4lun. welt, pimple, boil, protuberance, tumor (cf. hōzigon)
  • hōzigon [ˈhoːzigon]
v. V-fin. to swell, to swell up
  • hōzikagon [hoːziˈkagon]
v. C-fin. to boil (for the intransitive usage, a reflexive pronoun must be used) ( < hōzigon + -ikagon)
  • hōzinon [ˈhoːzinon]
n. 3ter. swelling; pride ( < hōzigon + -non)
  • hubon [ˈhubon]
n. 3ter. rope, cord
  • hunanne [huˈnanne]
n. 4lun. donkey, ass ( < hunes + anne)
  • hunes [ˈhunes]
n. 4sol. rabbit, hare, bunny
  • hūra [ˈhuːɾa]
n. 1lun. moon
Ñuho glaeso hūrus. — Moon of my life.[64]
  • hūrenka [huːˈɾeŋka] -ys -on -or
adj. I lunar ( < hūra + -enka.)
hūrenkon qogror. — “lunar class”.[74]
  • hynga [ˈhyŋga]
n. 1lun. penis (considered offensive, gross or silly)

I

  • [ˈi͡aː]
conj. or, either
  • iāragon [ˈi͡aːɾagon]
v. C-fin. to flow, to run, to go of things like roads, mountain ranges etc.
  • iāpa [ˈi͡aːpa]
n. 1lun. mother's older brother, maternal uncle older than mother[46].
Dārys ñuhe iāpe iotāptes. — The king respects my uncle.
  • iāpanna [i͡aːˈpanna]
n. 1lun. mother's older brother's child, cousin by maternal uncle older than mother[46].
Viserys Daenero lēkia iāpannā issa. — Viserys is Daenerys's older brother and cousin.
  • īby [ˈiːby]
n. 2lun. bone
  • idakogon [idaˈkogon]
perfect: idakotan
v. V-fin. to attack may only be used with a direct object ( < i- + dakogon.)
Bone vale idakōs! — Attack that man!
  • idaña [iˈdaɲa]
n. 1lun. twin (cf. idañe.)
Voktys idañī izūgas. — The priest is afraid of the twins.
  • idañe [iˈdaɲe] -or
adj. II fellow (cf. idaña.)
Mentyri idañe jevi ivestrilātās keskydoso gaomagon. — You shall tell your fellow soldiers to do likewise.
  • iderēbagon [ideˈɾeːbagon]
perfect: iderēptan
v. Obl. appl. C-fin. to chose, select. +dat: the thing selected, +acc: the person for whom the thing is selected (this applies even in the passive) ( < i- + derēbagon.)
Vala rōbrȳti Aeri iderēbza. — The man selects figs for Aerys.
Aeri iderēbaks. — Aerys is selected for.
Jaehot avy iderēbās jorepās. — Pick a god and pray.[75]
  • iderennon [ideˈɾennon]
n. 3ter choice ( < iderēb- + -non.)
Lo jention mirre nūmāzme ēza, iderenna qopsa verdagon issa. — If leadership is about anything, it’s about making hard choices.
  • iderennes [ideˈɾennes]
n. 4sol. trial[4]
Vīlībāzmosa iderennī emilun. — I would like a trial by combat.
  • idīnagon [iˈdiːnagon]
perfect: idīntan
v. C-fin. to marry (the subject is performing the ceremony), to officiate a wedding ( < i- + dīnagon)
  • iēdar [ˈi͡eːdar]
n. 1aq. water
Ñuha lēkia jūlor iēdrī mōzus. — My brother is drinking milk and water.
col. iēdrar poetic for sea
  • iemny [ˈi͡emny]
n. 2lun. stomach
Dāro iemny rōva issa. — The king's stomach is large.
  • iemnȳ [ˈi͡emnyː]
postp.→gen. within more emphatic than using the bare locative. (loc. of iemny stomach.)
Jēdar yno toliot. Tegon yno gō. Perzys yno iemnȳ. — Sky above me. Earth below me. Fire within me.[76]
  • ijiōragon [iˈɟi͡oːragon]
perfect: ijiōrtan
v. C-fin. to please, make happy ( < i- + jiōragon)
  • ikisībagon [ikiˈsiːbagon]
perfect: ikisīptan
v. C-fin. to dine on, have a meal consisting primarily of ( < i- + kisagon + -ībagon)
  • ilagon [iˈlagon]
v. C-fin. to lie, to be in a certain place.[77] Original meaning to lay straight preserved in expression geros ilas good bye, literally something like may the path lie straight. (cf. ilie straight.)
Sȳndror ilis luo tegunno Mordrot. — In the land of Mordor, where the shadows lie[78]
Jemēlo kaerīnnon ivīlībilāt, lo sīr Dāria Daenerys jemī ivīlībagon kesīr īlos daor? — Will you fight for your own salvation, now that Queen Daenerys is not here to fight for you?[10]
in the sense of there is, there are:
Zaldrīzes rihot ilza! — There is a dragon in the valley!
  • ilāragon [iˈlaːragon]
perfect: ilārtan
v. C-fin. to curse out, curse at, insult, spew obscenities (possibly < lāra)
  • ilībagon [iˈliːbagon]
perfect: ilīptan
v. C-fin. to lie, be prostrate ( < ilagon + -ībagon)
  • ilībio [iˈliːbi͡o]
n. 3lun. prostitute, whore, skank, slut of either gender ( < ilībagon + -io; > AV live)
  • ilībōños [iliːˈboːɲos]
n. 3sol. whoreson, bastard, bitch, slut (seemingly the substantive of an adjective *ilībōñe, < ilībagon + -ōñe)
  • ilie [ˈili͡e]
adj. III straight (cf. ilagon to lie (straight).)
  • īligon [ˈiːligon]
perfect: īlitan
v. V-fin. to cross, cross over; to retread, go over, go back over
  • īlilion [ˈiːlili͡on]
n. 3ter crossroads ( < iligon + -lion, cf. īlinuragon)
Arlȳr īliliot ēdrun. — I am sleeping at the new crossroads.
  • ilimagon [iliˈmagon]
v. Obl. appl. V-fin. to cry for, to weep for ( < i- + limagon)
  • īlinon [ˈiːlinon]
n. 3ter. crossing (in general); cross (the geometric figure), cross (reified, where someone is crucified) ( < īligon + -non)
  • īlinuragon [iːlinuˈɾagon]
perfect: īlinurtan
v. C-fin. to crucify ( < īlinon + -uragon.)
Dohaerirossa hen pōjo belmondo daerēdas se hen pōjo qringaomnoti Āeksia īlinurtas. — She has freed the slaves from their chains and crucified the Masters for their sins.
  • ilīrigon [iˈliːɾigon]
perfect: ilīritan
v. Obl. appl. V-fin. to smile upon →acc. ( < līrigon to smile)
Āeksio yne ilīritas. — The Lord has smiled upon me.
  • Illyrio [ilˈlyɾi͡o]
prop. n. 3aq. Illyrio
Sȳrī avy ūjus dohaeragon. — May it serve you well.
  • īlon [ˈiːlon]
pers.pron. we.
  • īlōnda [iːˈloːnda]
refl. 1lun. ourselves
  • īlva [ˈiːlva] -ys, -on, -or
poss. adj. I our
  • īlvon [ˈiːlvon]
poss.pron. 3ter. ours
  • ilzigon [ˈilzigon]
perfect: ilzitan
v. V-fin. to throw
  • imāzigon [iˈmaːzigon]
perfect: imastan
v. Obl. appl. V-fin. to attend an event. ( < i- + māzigon lit. to come for.)
Valar imāzissis. — All men must attend.[79]
  • imazumbagon [imaˈzumbagon]
perfect: imazumptan
v. Obl. appl. C-fin. to join up with, to join ( < i- + maz- + umbagon)
  • imorghūljagon [imoɾˈghuːʎagon]
perfect: imorghūltan
v. C-fin. to die for ( < i- + morghuljagon.)
Aōhor jaqiarzir ivīlībin imorghūlīn, jaqiarzus Dārȳs. — I fight and die for your glory, O glorious Queen.[80]
  • imundagon [iˈmundagon]
v. Obl. appl. C-fin. to sympathize with, to commiserate with ( < i- + mundagon)
  • imunnon [iˈmunnon]
n. 3ter. sympathy, commiseration ( < imundagon + -non)
  • indigon [ˈindigon]
v. V-fin. to push
  • indirarion [indiˈrari͡on]
n. 3ter. cause (type II substantive of the active present participle of indigon; lit. "pushing".)
  • inkon [ˈiŋkon]
n. 3ter. back
Kēli ñuho inkot ilza. — There is a cat on my back.
  • inkot [ˈiŋkot]
behind, backwards, lit. "to the back". [81](the locative or dative case of inkon.)
Astaprot dohaertrossa sīr yno inkot iōrzi, dāeri — Those who were slaves in Astapor now stand behind me, free.
Iōnos! Kostilus! Inkot jagon daor. — Jon! Please! Dont go back.
  • Iōnos [ˈi͡oːnos]
prop. n. 3sol. Jonos, Jon a common name
Daoruni gīmī, Iōnos Sōnaro. — You know nothing, Jon Snow.
  • iōragon [ˈi͡oːɾagon]
perfect: iōrtan
v. C-fin. to be standing, to stand.
  • iōrves [ˈi͡oːɾves]
n. 4sol. cold, coldness[82] ( < iosre + -ves.)
Se iōrves yne dōrī jenitis. — The cold never bothered me.
  • iosre [ˈi͡osre], ioje ['i͡od͡ʒe],[83] -ior
adj. II cold
  • iosrūljagon [i͡osˈruːʎagon], iojūljagon [i͡oˈd͡ʒu:ʎagon]
v. C-fin. to become cold ( < iosre + -ūljagon.)
  • iosrūlirion [i͡osˈruːliɾi͡on], iojūlirion [i͡oˈd͡ʒu:liɾi͡on]
n. 3ter. autumn[84] ( < aorist participle of iosrūljagon + -ion.)
Iosrūlirion kesīr ilza. — Autumn is here.
  • iotāptegon [i͡otaːptegon]
perfect: iotāptetan
v. Obl. appl. V-fin. to respect; to consider (+ hae + loc.), to take into account; to consider the feelings of; to make plans taking into account the existence or importance of... ( < eventative of iotāpagon < otāpagon.)
  • iotāptenon [i͡oˈtaːptenon]
n. 3ter. respect, consideration ( < iotāptegon + -non)
  • iotāptenoso [i͡otaːpteˈnoso]
adv. respectfully, with respect (inst. of iotāptenon)
  • ipradagon [ipraˈdagon]
perfect: iprattan[85]
v. C-fin. to eat (In origin the applicative of *pradagon, a verb of uncertain meaning, but in any case not reated to eating. It supplanted kisagon as the word for to eat. )[86]
Valar Ipradis... Valar Ipradiks — All Men Must Eat... All Men Must Be Eaten.[87]
  • iqrinumbagon [iqriˈnumbagon]
perfect: iqrinumptan
v. C-fin. to antagonize ( < i- + qrin- + umbagon)
  • irūdir [iˈruːdir]
n. 5aq. tax, collection, tithe (type II substantive of the passive perfect participle of irughagon; lit. "given".)
  • irūdy [iˈɾuːdy]
n. 2lun. gift, present ( < irughagon.)
Va ñellyrty perzys zȳhyz zaldrīzesse issi, Āeksio Oño irudy. — Her dragons are fire made flesh, a gift from the Lord of Light.
Lo zȳhyz zaldrīzesse Āeksiō Ōñō irudy Daenerot issi, sepār Daenerys Āeksiō irudy riñarta zȳhot issa. — Just as her dragons are a gift from the Lord of Light to Daenerys, so then is Daenerys a gift from the Lord to her children.[11]
  • irughagon [iɾuˈɣagon]
perfect: irūdan
v. Obl. appl. C-fin. to give, to offer, to present, to release to, to abandon to usually used with third person objects, otherwise see tepagon ( < i- + rughagon, lit. to drop to).
  • issaros [ˈissaɾos]
n. 3sol. person, being, human, human being, individual (prob. subst. pres.part. of sagon, lit. being.)
  • issarys [ˈissarys]
n. 2sol. existence in the generic sense e.g. a rock exists even if it isn't alive (active present participle of sagon + -ys.)
  • itatagon [itaˈtagon]
v. Obl. appl. C-fin. to finish with, to be finished with, to be done with ( < i- + tatagon)
  • ivestragon [iˈvestragon]
perfect: ivestretan
v. Obl. appl. C-fin. to tell, to say to ( < i- + vestragon.)
  • ivīlībagon [iviːˈliːbagon]
v. Obl. appl. C-fin. to fight for →acc. ( < i- + vīlībagon to fight.)
Aōhor jaqiarzir ivīlībin imorghūlīn, jaqiarzus Dārȳs. — I fight and die for your glory, O glorious Queen.[80]
  • izūgagon [iˈzuːgagon]
perfect: izūgdan
v. Obl. appl. C-fin. to fear
Ñuhī zaldrīzī izūgilā. — You will fear my dragons.
  • izula [iˈzula] -ys, -on, -on
num. adj. I four
  • izulēpsa [izuˈleːpsa] indec.
num. forty
  • izulīblie [izuˈliːbi͡e] -ior
num. adj. III fortieth
  • izunnie [iˈzunni͡e] -ior
num. adj. III fourth

J

  • jaedos [ˈɟaɛ̯dos]
n. 3sol. summer[88]
  • Jaedria [ˈɟaɛ̯dri͡a]
prop. n. 1aq°. the Lands of Summer, the Summer Isles usage unclear: it is not known wether this name is to be put in the the singular, plural, or even collective ( < jaedos + -ria.)
  • jaehio [ɟaɛ̯hi͡o]
n. 3lun goddess ( < jaeh- + -io.)
  • jaelagon [ˈɟaɛ̯lagon]
perfect: jēldan
v. C-fin. to want, to wish, to wish, to opt, to hope (for)
Henujagon jaelza lua vala mirre henujagon kostas. — Any man who wishes to leave may leave.
  • jāelagon [ˈɟaːɛ̯lagon]
v. Insv. C-fin. to store, to house (when an animate subject is used without an inanimate possessee, the subject is put in the genitive, as this is an instrumental passive) ( < z- + rāelagon)
  • jaelarys [ˈɟaɛ̯larys]
n. 2sol. hope ( < jaelagon + -rys)
  • jaes [ɟaɛ̯s] jaeh-
n. 3sol god, deity (male or female)[89]
Jaehossi Uēpossi Arlȳssī. — By the Old Gods and the New.
Jaehossas sȳris sātās — Gods be good![79]
  • jagon [ˈɟagon]
perfect: istan
v. irreg. to go.
Sesīr īlot jagon! — Now let us go![90]
  • jāha [ˈɟaːha] -ys, -on, -or
poss. adj. I its, his, her
  • jāhon [ˈɟaːhon]
poss.pron. 3ter. its, his, hers
  • jakegon [ɟaˈkegon]
v. V-fin. to contribute, to accompany, to add to (non-volitional subject; d/o [dat.])
  • jāla [ˈɟaːla]
refl. 1lun. itself, himself, herself
  • jaos [ɟaɔ̯s] jaoh-
n. 3sol. dog
Jaohossa rhovis. Jaohossa rhovisi — The dogs are barking. Dogs bark.[64]
  • Jaqen [ˈd͡ʒaqen]
prop. n. 6pauc. Jaqen (cf. jaqiarzir.)
Jaqen hen Lorathī iksos daor. — Jaqen is not from Lorath.
  • jaqiarza [ɟaˈqi͡aɾza]
adj. I glorious (Aorist passive participle of unknown verb *jaqagon, perhaps from z- + raqagon.)
Aōhor jaqiarzir ivīlībin imorghūlīn, jaqiarzus Dārȳs. — I fight and die for your glory, O glorious Queen.[80]
  • jaqiarzir [ɟaˈqi͡aɾzir]
n. 5aq. glory (Type 2 substantive of jaqiarza.)
Aōhor jaqiarzir ivīlībin imorghūlīn, jaqiarzus Dārȳs. — I fight and die for your glory, O glorious Queen.[80]
  • jazdan [ʒazdan]
n. 6for. harpy ( < AV jazdan < Ghiscari )[91]
  • jēda [ˈɟeːda]
n. 1lun. season, time, cycle
  • jēdar [ˈɟeːdar]
n. 1aq. sky (cf. jēda time and jēdar year. Possibly originally a collective, like lentor.)
col. jēdrar sky, the skies, the heavens, heaven
  • jēdar [ˈɟeːdar]
n. 6col.1aq. year (col. of jēda time.)
Biarior Arlior Jēdari! — Happy New Year!
  • jehākogon [ɟeˈhaːkogon]
v. V-fin. to cheer, to cheer up, to brighten the mood of (s/o [loc.]) ( < ?jaeh- + -ākogon)
  • jehar [ˈɟehar]
n. 1aq. emerald, malachite ( < jeh-)
  • jehikagon [ɟehiˈkagon]
perfect: jehittan
v. C-fin. to shine; to shine on, illuminate →acc. something (perh. jaeh- + -ikagon?)
Āeksios, aōhos ōñoso īlōn jehikās. — Lord, cast your light upon us[23]
  • jehikarȳ [ɟehiˈkaɾyː]
postp.→gen. in the presence of ( < jehikarys.))
Jehikarȳ Kinvaro iōrat, Eglio Vokto hen Rijībliot Volantīhot, Drīvo Perzo, Sylvio Ōño, Dohaeriro Ēlio Āeksio Oño syt. — You stand in the presence of Kinvara, High Priestess of the Red Temple of Volantis, the Flame of Truth, the Light of Wisdom, the First Servant of the Lord of Light.[45]
  • jehikarys [ɟehiˈkaɾys]
n. 2sol. radiance, glow, halo; presence, bearing, countenance ( < jehikagon.)
  • jēlēbagon [ɟeːˈleːbagon]
v. C-fin. to blow, to gust of wind or of air out of one's mouth (from a root *jēl-, seen in jelmio etc., + -ēbagon.)
  • jelmāzma [ɟelˈmaːzma]
n. 1lun. storm, violent wind. Gen. Jelmāzmo Stormborn. ( < jelmio + -āzma.)
Nyke Daenerys Jelmāzmo hen Targārio Lentrot. — I am Daenerys Stormborn of the House Targaryen.
  • jelmāzmar [ɟelˈmaːzmar] ]
n. 6col. storms, storm, bad weather, violent weather, storm season ( < collective of jelmāzma.)
  • jelmio [ˈɟelmi͡o]
n. 3lun. wind (cf. jēlēbagon.)
  • jelmior [ˈɟelmi͡or]
n. 6col. wind, winds collectively or figuratively[92]; weather[88]
Udra jelmior issi. — Words are wind.
  • jelmōñe [jel'moːɳe] -or
adj. III. northern ( < jelmor + -ōñe.)[93]
  • jelmor [ˈɟelmor]
n. 3aq. north (related to jelmio.)[93]
Jelmor rūnis. — The North remembers[94]
  • jemagon [ɟeˈmagon]
perfect: jentan
v. C-fin. to lead, to guide →acc. someone; →loc. from some place; →dat. to some place; if confusion is possible, use the prepositions hen and va; daoriot jemas it doesn't matter, lit. it leads nowhere (possibly in origin i- + emagon, but this is uncertain, and in any case the verb conjugates regularly).
Roberti Dāri zȳhi nekēpti se Āeksiot Ōño jemagon. — Turn King Robert away from his idols and toward the Lord of Light.
  • jemēbagon [ɟeˈmeːbagon]
v. C-fin. to reign, to govern, to rule over, to lead in the political sense ( < jemagon+ -ēbagon).
Bōsirī zirys jemēbagon. — Long may she reign.
  • jemēla [ɟeˈmeːla]
refl. 1lun. you, you all, yourselves
  • jeme [ˈɟeme]
pers.pron. you (plur.).
  • jepagon see epagon.
  • jenenka [ɟeˈneŋka]
adj. I made of glass, glass, glassy (contains -enka.)[95]
  • jenigon [d͡ʒeˈnigon]
v. V-fin. to touch, to abut; to bother[82] ( < z- + renigon).
Se iōrves yne dōrī jenitis. — The cold never bothered me.
  • jentegon [ˈɟentegon]
v. V-fin. to command, to lead in the sense of leading an army ( < eventative of jemagon.)
  • jention [ˈɟenti͡on]
n. 3ter. leadership. ( < jemagon.)
Lo jention mirre nūmāzme ēza, iderenna qopsa verdagon issa. — If leadership is about anything, it’s about making hard choices.
  • jentys [ˈɟentys]
n. 2sol. leader, ruler, commander. ( < jemagon.)
Jentys Dovaogēdyro syt iksā. — You are the leader of the Unsullied.
  • jēnqa [ˈɟeːɴqa] -ys, -on, -on
num. adj. I eight
  • jēnqelie [ˈɟeːɴqeli͡e] -ior
num. adj. III eighth
  • jēnqēpsa [ɟeːɴˈqeːpsa] indec.
num. eighty
  • jēnqīblie [ɟeːɴˈqiːbli͡e] -ior
num. adj. III eightieth
  • jenys [ˈɟenys]
n. 2sol. glass coll. jenyr glass the substance
  • jeson [ˈɟeson]
n. 3ter. dust, powder
  • jesuragon [ɟesuˈragon]
v. C-fin. to powder, to dust, to sprinkle with powder or dust, to pour dust or powder on (with s/t use [ins.]) ( < jeson + -uragon)
  • jeva [ˈɟeva] -ys, -on, -or
poss. adj. I your (pl.)
  • jevon [ˈɟevon]
poss.pron. 3ter. yours (pl.)
  • jikagon [ɟiˈkagon]
perfect: jittan
v. C-fin. to send, to send off, to put on something that doesn't naturally take whatever is being put e.g. putting a book on a table, not putting a shirt on a torso (prob. jagon + -kagon.)
Va oktio remȳti vale jikās. — Send a man to the city gates.
Āeksio Oño jemot Muñe Zaldrīzoti jittas. — The Lord of Light sent the Mother of Dragons to you.[10]
  • jiōragon [ˈɟi͡oːɾagon]
v. Obl. appl. C-fin. to accept, to receive, to welcome; to take in, to take on; to bring ( < i- + iōragon to stand)[96]
Belmurtī ivestrās kesīr pōnte jiōrinna se pōjon obūljarion mazōrīnna. — Tell the slavers I will receive them here and accept their surrender.
with va →dat. to welcome to...
Va Mīrīnot jemī jiōran. — Welcome to Meereen.
in the imperfect passive to be welcome.
Kesīr drējī jiorilaks. — You are very welcome here.[9]
  • jiōrion [ˈɟi͡oːri͡on]
n. 3ter. reception hall, reception area, receiving room, audience chamber ( < jiōragon + -ion)
  • jiōrnon [ˈɟi͡oːɾnon]
n. 3ter. a welcome in acc. pl. excl. welcome! ( < jiōragon + -non.)
  • jogeltigon [ɟoˈgeltigon]
v. V-fin. to silence, to attenuate, to soften, to dampen the sound of something, or a force akin to sound (prob. contains jo-.)
Elēni ñuhe jogeltigon sylutis, sepār jevon jogeltigon sylussi. Yn kostosy daor. — They tried to silence my voice, as they try to silence yours. But they cannot.
  • johegagon [ɟoheˈgagon]
v. C-fin. to continue to slaughter ( < jo- + *hegagon to slaughter.)
Quptyssy pontālī johegzi se jomōzū. — The heathen continue to slaughter each other and you continue to get drunk
  • jokorigon [ɟokoˈrigon]
v. irreg. to explore, to investigate (conjugates like jagon: jokorjos, jokorīles, jokoristas)
  • jollōragon [ɟolˈloːɾagon]
perfect: jollōrtan
v. C-fin. to study, to investigate →dat. something[97] ( < jor- + lōragon to drill, to bore.)[97]
Issarori jollōris lua riña. — A girl who studies people.[98]
  • jollōriros [ɟolˈloːriros]
n. 3sol. student (subs. aor. part. of jollōragon.)
  • jomīsagon [ɟoˈmiːsagon]
perfect: jomīstan
v. C-fin.. to wear →inst. equipment, armor or footwear →acc. on a body part ( < jo- + mīsagon, more specific than dīnagon.)
Bonys azantys geltose jomīsos daor. — That knight is not wearing a helmet.
  • jomōzugon [ɟoˈmoːzugon]
v. V-fin. to continue to get drunk ( < jo- + mōzugon to drink.)
Quptyssy pontālī johegzi se jomōzū. — The heathen continue to slaughter each other and you continue to get drunk
  • jonevegon [ɟoneˈvegon]
v. V-fin. to wear, to bear, to port, to sport as in wear ( < jo- + nevegon)
  • jorarghugon [ɟoˈrarɣugon]
v. V-fin. to pursue, to chase after, to seek ( < jor- + arghugon)
  • jorepagon [ɟoɾeˈpagon]
v. C-fin. to pray (< jor- + epagon.)
Jaehot avy iderēbās jorepās. — Pick a god and pray.[75]
→gen. to pray to, to beg
Zȳhi perzi stepagon Āeksio Ōño jorepi, se morghūltas lī qēlītsos sikagon. — We beg the Lord to share his fire, and light a candle that has gone out.[65]
  • jorepnon [ɟoɾeˈpnon]
n. 3ter. prayer, begging ( < jorepagon + -non.)
Jeva jorepna ryptas se pōnte udlitas. — He has heard your prayers and answered them.
  • jorhakoɡon [ɟor̥aˈkoɡon][99]
v. V-fin. to wring ondossa jorhakogon to wring one's hands ( < jor- + hakogon to pull)
Ondossa jorhakēlāt, lykāpsirī Zaldrīzoti Muño amāzinon jumbari? — Will you wring your hands, while you wait idly for the Mother of Dragons to return?[10]
  • jorilagon [ɟoriˈlagon]
v. C-fin. to rest, to nap, to take a nap ( < jor- + ilagon)
  • jorrāelagon [ɟorˈraːɛ̯lagon]
perfect: jorrāeltan
v. C-fin. to hold dear, to love, to cherish, to care for, to revere; to need[100]( < jo- + rāelagon.)
Muñus jorrāeliarzus: Olvie hen embraro tolmiot nykēlot avy ivestragon issa. — Dearest Mother: So much news I have to give you from over the seas.
  • jorrāeliarza [ɟorraːɛ̯ˈli͡arza]
adj. I dear, beloved ( < Aorist passive participle of jorrāelagon.)
  • jovēnnio [ɟoˈveːnni͡o]
n. 3lun. manager, politician (cf. jovēnnon, joverdagon.)
  • jovēnnon [ɟoˈveːnnon]
n. 3ter. managing, governing, politics (cf. jovēnnio, joverdagon.)
  • joverdagon [ɟoˈverdagon]
v. C-fin. to manage, to govern (cf. jovēnnon, jovēnnio.)
  • jōzigon [ˈɟoːzigon]
v. V-fin. to be proud of ( < j- + hōzigon)
  • judligon [ɟuˈdligon]
v. V-fin. to respond to, to answer (s/o), to reply to ( < j- + udligon)
  • judlio [ˈɟudli͡o]
n. 3lun. archon ( < judligon + -io)
  • jūlor [ˈɟuːlor]
n. 3aq. milk
Aōhor jūlor mōzun. — I am drinking your milk.
  • jūlrāzma [ɟuːlˈraːzma]
n. 1lun. cheese ( < jūlor + -āzma)
  • jumbagon [ˈɟumbagon]
perfect: jumptan
v. Obl. appl. C-fin. to wait for, to await ( < i + umbagon.)
Ondossa jorhakēlāt, lykāpsirī Zaldrīzoti Muño amāzinon jumbari? — Will you wring your hands, while you wait idly for the Mother of Dragons to return?[10]
  • Junkae, Yunkai ['juŋkaɛ̯] gen. Junkaeho
prop. n. ter° Yunkai ( < Ghiscari)
Lodaor hēnkos vējose hae Astaprot Yunkai botilza. — Otherwise, Yunkai will suffer the same fate as Astapor.
  • jurnegon [ˈɟuɾnegon]
perfect: jūndan
v. Obl. appl. V-fin. to look at, regard, to examine.[101][102] ( < i- + urnegon.)
  • jurnerys [ˈɟurnerys]
n. Obl. appl. 2sol. lookout, watch, sentry ( < j- + urnegon + -rys)

K

  • kaerīnio [kaɛ̯ˈɾiːni͡o]
n. 3lun. savior (prob. *kaerīñagon + -io.)
Jemot kaerīnio jittas! — He has sent you a savior!
  • kaerīnnon [kaɛ̯ˈɾiːnnon]
n. 3ter. salvation (prob. *kaerīñagon + -non.)
Jemēlo kaerīnnon ivīlībilāt? — Will you fight for your own salvation?[10]
  • kara [ˈkara]
adj. I great, magnificent, excellent
  • kasta [ˈkasta] -ys, -on, -or
adj. I blue, green
  • kēli [ˈkeːli]
n. 5lun. cat, pauc. kēlin herd of cats[64]; qelbōñe kēli river otter; embōñe kēli sea otter.
Kēlir morghūlis — All cats must die.[103]
  • keliemagon [keli͡eˈmagon]
v. C-fin. (irreg.) to cease ( < keligon + -emagon)
  • keligon [keˈligon]
perfect: kelitan
v. V-fin. to stop, to come to a stop, to cease Generally used intransitively, except in the perfect passive participle: keliton ended.
Dovaogēdys .... Kelītīs. — Unsullied .... Halt.
Sesīr Urnēbion Zȳhon Keliton Issa. — And Now His Watch Is Ended.
  • kelinītsos [keliˈniːtsos]
n. 3sol. chance (contains -ītsos)
  • kēlio [ˈkeːli͡o]
n. 3lun. lion[29] ( < kēli + -io.)
Azantys kēlio rȳbas. — The knight hears the lion.
  • kēlītsos [keːˈliːtsos]
n. 3sol. little cat, kitty[104] ( < kēli + -ītsos.)
  • kempa [ˈkempa] -ys, -on, -or
adj. I heavy
  • kepa [ˈkepa]
n. 1lun. father; father's brother, paternal uncle[46].
riño kepa — the girl's father[64]
Kepo Tubis Biare — Happy Father's Day[105]
  • keragon [keˈɾagon]
v. C-fin.? to cook
  • kesa [ˈkesa] -ys, -on, -or
dem.pron. adj. I this proximal, inanimate
Kesys ondor avy sytilībus daor. — You should not have these powers.
  • kesir [ˈkesir]
dem.pron. 5aq. this one proximal, inanimate, for abstract or uncountable entitites, "this place."
Kesir gīmī. — You know this
Kesir sepār īlza — This too shall pass[106]
kesrio syt because, for; on account of this.
  • kesīr [ˈkesiːr]
dem.pron. adv. here (loc. of kesir.)
Belmurtī ivestrās kesīr pōnte jiōrinna. — Tell the slavers I will receive them here.
  • kesy [ˈkesy]
dem.pron. 2lun. this one proximal, inanimate, for concrete, countable entities
  • keskydoso [keskyˈdoso]
adv. in the same way, likewise. ( < demonstrative kes- + -kydoso.)
Mentyri idañe jevi ivestrilātās keskydoso gaomagon. — You shall tell your fellow soldiers to do likewise.
  • kessa [ˈkessa]
intj. yes[4] (3s fut.act.ind. of sagon.[107])
  • khal [xal],[108] khali [ˈxali]
n. 6for Khal, title used for the leader of a Dothraki horde ( < Doth. khal.)
  • khalēsi [xaˈleːsi][109]
n. 6for Khaleesi, Dothraki queen, wife of a khal ( < Doth. khaleesi.)
Hen Parmenko Embāzmā Khalēsi — Khaleesi of the Great Grass Sea
  • kiōs [ki͡oːs]
n. 3sol.[19] spring[88]
v. to ride
Sesīr kipi. — And now we ride.[111]
  • kirimves [kiˈɾimves]
n. 4sol. joy[112] ( < kirine + -ves.)
Naenio jēdoti kirimvose glaesātās! — May you live happily for many years!
  • kirimvose [kiˈɾimvose], kirimvos [ki'ɾimvos]
exp. thank you. (Inst. of kirimves.)
kirimvose daor no thank you, kirimvose, sȳz iksan thanks I'm good.
  • kirine [kiˈɾine] -ior
adj. II happy
Tubī hae kesīr sittāks, sesīr kirine iksan. — You were born on a day like this one, and so I am happy.
  • kisagon [kiˈsagon]
v. obsolete word for to eat. Word persists in Classical High Valyrian, but it is considered coarse.
  • kisalbar [kiˈsalbar]
n. 1aq. feast, (contains -albar (cf. geralbar), presumably related to kisagon, an obsolete verb meaning "to eat".)
Lāroti syt kisalbar — A Feast for Crows[113]
  • kisikagon [kisiˈkagon]
perfect: kisittan
v. C-fin. to feed →acc. the recipient, →inst. the food. ( < kisagon + -ikagon.)
Zoklī havoso kisittoty daor. — We did not feed the wolves bread.
  • kivio [ˈkivi͡o]
n. 3lun. promise (possibly related to kivo)
Jemot kivio ñuhe tepan — I give you my word.
Kivio Dārilaros The Prince That Was Promised
Meri kīvio dārilaros ōz maghagon kostas. — Only the prince who was promised can bring the dawn.[9]
Ziry kivio dārilaros issa, se zȳhon suvio perzō vāedar issa. — He is the prince that was promised, and his is the song of ice and fire.[32]
  • kivo [ˈkivo]
n. 3lun. footprint
  • klios [kli͡os] klioh-
n. 3sol fish
Kesy ñuhys klios issa. — This one is my squid.
  • kona [ˈkona] -ys, -on, -or
dem.pron. adj. I that distal, inanimate
  • konir [ˈkonir]
dem.pron. 5aq. that one distal, inanimate, for abstract or uncountable entities, that place.
Dārys issa vestris, se prūmio ñuho konir drējior issa. — They say he is a king and of my heart that is true.
Konir sagon kostos daor. — That's not possible.
  • konīr [ˈkoniːr]
dem.pron. adv. there (loc. of konir.)
  • konor [ˈkonor]
n. 3aq. steam, vapor.[114]
  • kony [ˈkony]
dem.pron. 2lun. that one distal, inanimate, for concrete, countable entities
  • kōrī [ˈkoːriː]
adv. evilly, wickedly ( < kōz + )
  • korze [ˈkoɾze]
n. 4lun. longsword (cf. korzion, korzita.)
Korzoti Jelmāzma — A Storm of Swords[115]
  • korzion [ˈkoɾzi͡on]
n. 3ter. steel, especially, but not exclusively Valyrian steel (cf. korze.)
  • korzita [ˈkoɾzita]
adj. I firm, taut, stretched (Perh. from a verb *korzigon.)
Korzitī prūbrī jorrāelan. — I like the firm apples.
  • kostagon [ˈkostagon]
perfect: kōttan
v. C-fin. to be able, can, may.
Konir sagon kostos daor — That's not possible.
Henujagon jaelza lua vala mirre henujagon kostas. — Any man who wishes to leave may leave.
Vestragon koston daor. — I cannot say.
  • kostilus [ˈkostilus]
adv. perhaps; exp. please. (3s. fut.act.subj. of kostagon, lit. be it possible.)
Kostilus jevi āeksia yno bē pirtra jemot vestretis. — Your masters may have told you lies about me.
  • kostio [ˈkosti͡o]
n. 3lun. hero, champion (< kostagon + -io.)
  • kostion [ˈkosti͡on]
n. 3ter. power, might, ability ( < kostagon + -ion.)
Sēteroti kostion vale ossȳngas. — The power of the magic spells frightens the man.
  • kostōba [koˈstoːba]
adj. I powerful, strong, mighty ( < kostagon)
Mittys iksā. Āeksia tolī kostōbi issi. — You’re a fool. The masters are too strong.
Kostōba Nēdenkā. — Strong and Brave.[116]
  • kostōbirī [koˈstoːbiɾī]
adv. powerfully, mightily, strongly ( < kostōba + -irī.)
Zokla kēlio kostōbirī angotas. — The wolf bit mightily into the lion.
  • kōz [ˈkoːz]
adj. II evil, wicked, bad
  • krēgo [ˈkreːgo]
n. 3lun. beet
Skoro syt kesī krēga bāngā? — Why are you baking these beets?
  • kris [kris] krih-
n. 3sol. leg
Averilloma vala azanti krihot ondurtas. — The drunk man grabbed the knight by the leg.
  • kropos [ˈkropos]
n. 3sol. dwarf, midget (cf. AV krubo)
  • kustikagon [kustiˈkagon]
perfect: kustittan
v. C-fin. to strengthen, enable, encourage ( < kostagon + -ikagon.)
Ābre kustittas lua vala raqiros issa. — The man who encouraged the woman is a friend.
  • kȳdrenka [kyːˈdreŋka]
adj. I silk (cf. kyno, contains -enka)
  • kydȳbagon [kyˈdyːbagon]
perfect: kydȳptan
v. C-fin. to measure (prob. contains -bagon.)
Kydȳptakson sȳz kesos. — It would be good to have been measured.[42]
  • kyndrir [ˈkyndrir]
n. 6col. intestines
  • kyno [ˈkyno]
n. 3lun. silkworm
  • kyrstenka [kyrˈsteŋka]
adj. I cloth (contains -enka)
  • kȳvanon [ˈkyːvanon]
n. 3ter. plan, strategy[62] ( < *kȳvagon to plan + -non.)
  • Kȳvakio [ˈkyːvaki͡o]
prop. n. Cyvasse, a Volantene board game, lit. strategist ( < *kȳvagon to plan + -kio.)[117]

L

  • laes [laɛ̯s] laeh-
n. 3sol. eye.
Laehossa yne ōdris. — My eyes hurt.
  • laehurlion [laɛ̯ˈhuɾli͡on]
n. 3ter face [118] (perh. laes + -uragon + -lion.)
  • laehurloqitta [laɛ̯huɾloˈqitta]
adj. I faceless [118] ( < laehurlion face + -oqitta.)
Laehurloqitti Vali The Faceless Men.
  • landir [ˈlandir]
n. 6col.5sol. footwear (collective of landis)
  • landis [ˈlandis]
n. 5sol. boot
  • Lāniso Vilinion [ˈlaːniso viˌlini͡on]
prop. n. 3ter. Lannisport
  • lanta [ˈlanta] -ys, -on, -on
num. adj. I two
...kesrio syt lanta iksan. — ...for now I am two.
  • lantēpsa [ˈlanteːpsa] indec.
num. twenty
  • lantīblie [lanˈtiːbli͡e] -ior
num. adj. III twentieth
  • lanty [ˈlanty]
n. 2lun. fox
  • laodiapos [ˈlaɔ̯di͡apos]
n. 3sol. mask (contains -iapos. Cf. laodigon, qrillaodigon.)
Laodiaposo jomīsagon avy sytilīptas. — You should have worn the mask.
  • laodigon [ˈlaɔ̯digon]
v. V-fin. to abduct, to steal[115]
  • lāra [ˈlaːɾa]
n. 1lun. crow[119]
  • leghagon [leˈɣagon]
perfect: lēdan
v. C-fin. to fill. →acc. the thing being filled, →gen. the substance with which it is filled, →inst. the instrument by which it is filled.
  • lēda [ˈleːda] -ys, -on, -or
adj. I filled, full →gen. with..., of... (perf. part. of leghagon.)
Kesrio syt bantis zōbrie issa se ossȳngnoti lēdys. — For the night is dark and full of terrors[23]
  • lēkia [ˈleːki͡a]
n. 1lun. older brother[120]; older male cousin by father's brother or mother's sister[46].
Viserys Daenero lēkia issa. — Viserys is Daenerys's brother.
  • lenton [ˈlenton]
n. 3ter. house as in a physical building in which one lives.
  • lentor [ˈlentor]
n. 3aq. house in the sense of family, noble line, dynasty. (originally a relexified collective of lenton, which was then reanalyzed into a 3aq. noun.)
Nyke Daenerys Jelmāzmo hen Targārio Lentrot. — I am Daenerys Stormborn of the House Targaryen.
  • lentor [ˈlentor]
n. 6col.3ter. village (col. of lenton.)
  • lentot [ˈlentot]
adj. invar. civil (dat./loc. of lenton, lit. at home)
  • lentun [ˈlentun]
n. 6pauc.3ter. community (relexified paucal of lenton.)
  • letagon [leˈtagon]
v. C-fin. to tie, to bind[38]
  • lilagon [liˈlagon]
v. C-fin. to dance
Valar lilis. — All men must dance.[121]
  • limagon [liˈmagon]
perfect: limatan[122]
v. V-fin. to cry
Valar limassis, hāedus. Valar limassis. — All men must cry, little sister. All men must cry.[123]
  • lioragon [li͡oˈɾagon]
perfect: liortan
v. C-fin. to sell
Dohaeriros istin, sindita liortā, qilonta ozbartā. — I was a slave once, bought and sold, scourged and branded.[9]
  • liorilaksa [li͡oɾiˈlaksa] -ys, -on, -or
adj. I for sale (fut.pass.part. of lioragon.)
  • līr [liːr]
rel.pron. that which (is) for abstract or uncountable entitites (subst. of lua.)
Valo lurio vaoresan. — I prefer that which is a man‘s.
  • līrinon [ˈliːɾinon]
n. 3ter? smile ( < līrigon to smile + -non.)
Prūmiā līrinoso rēbās! — Walk with a smile in your heart!
  • līrigon [ˈliːɾigon]
v. V-fin. to smile
perfect: ilīritan
  • litse [ˈlitse]
adj. II cute, pretty, fair, beautiful.
Gryves se Riña Litse. — The Bear and the Maiden Fair.
  • lo [lo]
conj. if (perh. related to lua?)
Lo jention mirre nūmāzme ēza, iderenna qopsa verdagon issa. — If leadership is about anything, it’s about making hard choices.
lo sīr now that
Jemēlo kaerīnnon ivīlībilāt, lo sīr Dāria Daenerys jemī ivīlībagon kesīr īlos daor? — Will you fight for your own salvation, now that Queen Daenerys is not here to fight for you?[10]
  • lodaor [lodaɔ̯r]
conj. otherwise. (lo + daor.)
Lodaor hēnkos vējose hae Astaprot Yunkai botilza. — Otherwise, Yunkai will suffer the same fate as Astapor.
  • lōgor [ˈloːgor]
n. 6col. ship (cf. loktys.)
  • loktys [ˈloktys]
n. 2sol. sailor. (cf. lōgor.)
  • lopor [ˈlopor]
n. 3aq? salt
  • lōragon [ˈloːɾagon]
v. C-fin. to drill, to bore Takes a dative object.[97]
  • lōrty [ˈloːɾty]
n. 2lun. tunnel, hole ( < lōragon.)
Azantys lōrtot udekurza. — The knight is approaching the tunnel.
  • Lorathi, Lorath [loɾaθi]
prop. n. 6for. Lorath
Jaqen hen Lorathī iksos daor. — Jaqen is not from Lorath.
  • lōta [ˈloːta] -ys, -on, -or
adj. I solid[124]
  • lōtirī [ˈloːtiɾiː]
adv. steadfastly ( < lōta + -irī.)
Lo Dārie se pāsābari sytiotāpia lōtirī jorrāeloty, sepār dōre vala arlī īlōn belmurilza. — If we are steadfast in our love for the Queen and her faithful advisors, no man will ever lock us in chains again[11]
  • lōtinty [loːˈtinty]
n. 2lun pie
Tolī rhūqo lōtinti, kostilus. — More pigeon pie, please.[4]
  • lōz [loːz] lōrior
adj. II wet, moist
  • lua [lu͡a]
rel.pron. adj.[125] who, which, that; agrees with head noun's gender, case & number(?) in main clause (from same source as lūs.)
  • lumie [ˈlumi͡e]
adj. III sick
  • lurugon [luˈɾugon]
v. V-fin. to fold
  • lurvon [ˈluɾvon]
n. 3ter. ankle (perh. < lurugon.)
  • lūs [luːs] lūh-
n. 3sol. type, kind (from same source as lua.)
  • [lyː]
rel.pron. one which (is) for concrete, countable entities (subst. of lua.)
Valo luo vaoresan. — I prefer one which is a man‘s.
  • lyka [ˈlyka]
adj. I quiet, silent[63] ( < lyks.)
Sȳndroso lykāpa… — Quiet as a shadow…
  • lykāpsirī [lyˈkaːpsiɾiː]
adv. idly ( < *lykāpsa + -irī, presumably ultimately derived from lyka.)
Ondossa jorhakēlāt, lykāpsirī Zaldrīzoti Muño amāzinon jumbari? — Will you wring your hands, while you wait idly for the Mother of Dragons to return?[10]
  • lykemagon [lykeˈmagon]
perfect: lykēdan
v. C-fin. (irreg.) to silence, to calm (< lyka + emagon)
Aōle lykemās. — Be quiet.
  • lykirī [lyˈkiriː]
adv. quietly, silently, calmly ( < lyka + -irī)
  • lyks [ˈlyks]
n.3sol. peace [126] (cf. lyka.)
lyks mazverdagon to bring peace
Meli Voktyssy Mīrīnī lyks mazverdagon beldis. — The Red Priests helped bring peace to Meereen.[9]
  • Lȳs [lyːs] lyv-
prop. n. 3sol. Lys
Lyvo vali ābrī gevī laehossa ēzi. — The men and women have beautiful eyes.
Zān hen Lyvot ābre ūndan. — Yesterday I saw a woman from Lys.

M

  • maegi [ˈmaɛ̯gi]
n. 5lun. wise-woman, witch (original language uncertain, but declension class suggests a Valyrian origin.[127] Root meaning may be wise.)[128]
  • maghagon [maˈɣagon]
v. C-fin. to bring, to carry
Udrāzmī jemot maghon daor. Iderennon maghan. — I do not bring you commands. I bring you a choice.
  • mālor [ˈmaːlor]
n. 3aq. rice (DJP supposes that the Valyrians cultivated it.)
  • manaeragon [maˈnaɛ̯ɾagon]
v. C-fin. to raise, →acc: to celebrate[129], biarvī manaeragon to celebrate (good fortune)[129].
Yn aderī, mōrī, aōt māzīli se hēnkirī īlvi biarvī manaerili. — But soon, when it is all over, we shall come to you and celebrate together.
  • mandia [ˈmandi͡a]
n. 1lun. older sister[130]; older female cousin by father's brother or mother's sister[46].
  • majaqagon [mad͡ʒaˈqagon]
perfect: majattan
v. C-fin. to admire ( < maz- + raqagon.)
  • massa [ˈmassa]
n. 1lun bat. [131]
  • massigon [ˈmassigon]
v. V-fin. to happen, perhaps also to become (perh. maz- + sigon, aorist of sagon, to come to be.)
"Skorion massitas?" "Qringōntan." — "What happened?" "I failed."
  • mazemagon [mazeˈmagon]
v. C-fin. (irreg.). to take, to get, to obtain, to gain (lit. come to have, < maz- + emagon)
  • mazilībagon [maziˈliːbagon]
v. C-fin. to lie down, to go to sleep; to set (of the sun)[132] (lit. come to lie < maz- + ilībagon, < ilagon to lie (down) + -ībagon.)
Lo vēzos endiā sīmonus se ñāqot mazilībus. — When the sun rises in the west and sets in the east.[55]
  • māzigon [ˈmaːzigon]
perfect: mastan
v. V-fin. to come.
  • *mazilirion [maziˈliɾi͡on]
n. 3ter. future
Hen maziliriot māzī. — We come from the future.[133]
  • mazōregon [maˈzoːɾegon]
v. V-fin. to accept, to take e.g. a present or gift (lit. come to hold < maz- + ōregon.)[96]
Belmurtī ivestrās kesĪr pōnte jiōrinna se pōjon obūljarion mazōrīnna. — Tell the slavers I will receive them here and accept their surrender.
  • mazverdagon [mazˈveɾdagon]
perfect: mazvēttan
v. C-fin. to create (lit. come to arrange, < maz- + verdagon.)
Valar mazvēttas luos belmossi zirȳle tolvȳs gaomoso iderennosō letis — All men bind themselves with chains that they have created, through every deed and decision.[134]
Īlōn pryjassis līr īlōn mazverdis. — What destroys us, creates us.[135]
lyks mazverdagon to bring peace
Meli Voktyssy Mīrīnī lyks mazverdagon beldis. — The Red Priests helped bring peace to Meereen.[9]
  • mele [ˈmele]-ior
adj. II red, reddish, red-orange, dark orange, dark brown
Mele Voktys Red Priest i.e. a cleric of the Lord of Light.
Meli Voktyssy Mīrīnī lyks mazverdagon beldis. — The Red Priests helped bring peace to Meereen.[9]
  • Melisandre [meliˈsandre]
prop. n. 4lun. Melisandre (possibly of Asshai'i origin, but cf. mele.)
  • melvo [ˈmelvo]
n. 3lun. pear
Ñuha muña melvo nektos. — My mother is slicing a pear.
  • memēbagon [meˈmeːbagon]
v. C-fin. to march. (-ēbagon formation off of unknown verb *memagon.)
Dovaogēdys! Naejot memēbātās! — Unsullied! Forward march!
  • mentyn [ˈmentyn]
n. 6pauc.2sol. battalion, squad, squadron, phalanx (relexicalized paucal of mentys.)
  • mentys [ˈmentys]
n. 2sol soldier (common root with memēbagon)
Dovaogēdys! Āeksia ossēnātās, menti ossēnātās! — Unsullied! Slay the masters, slay the soldiers!
col. mentyr
Mentyri idañe jevi ivestrilātās keskydoso gaomagon. — You shall tell your fellow soldiers to do likewise.
  • mentyr [ˈmentyr]
n. 6col.2sol. army
  • mēny [ˈmeːny]
n. 2lun. body
Ābra mīsvoso zȳhe mēni jomīsas. — The woman is wearing armor on her body.
  • Merakses[136] [me'ɾakses]
prop. n. 4sol. Meraxes, one of the dragons used in Aegon's invasion of Westeros.
  • merbugon [ˈmeɾbugon]
perfect: merbutan
v. V-fin. to hunger, to be hungry →inst. for something.
Merbun. — I'm hungry.[64]
  • mēre [ˈmeːɾe] -ior
num. adj. II one, sole, only
  • mērī [ˈmeːɾiː]
adv. only, alone, solely, exclusively ( < mēre + .)
Dāerves jevys tepagon yne sytilībos daor. Jemēle mērī sytilības. — Your freedom is not mine to give. It belongs to you and you alone.
  • mēriot [ˈmeːɾi͡ot]
adv. once, one time ( < mēre.)
Mērī mēriot ziry vūjitan! — I only kissed her once!
  • mhysa [ˈmysa]
n. 1lun., or n. 6for.[137] the Ghiscari word for mother, widely used in Slaver's Bay. One of Daenerys Targarien's titles. ( < AV mysa < Ghiscari mhysa.)
  • mība [ˈmiːba] -ys, -on, -or
adj. I short physically and temporally.
Mirri ōdria uēpi dōrī drējī zgiēñisi, sepār hen mībājȳr udīr ānogrosa anehussi. — Some old wounds never truly heal, and bleed again at the slightest word.
  • mījāelion [miːˈd͡ʒaːɛ̯li͡on]
n. 3ter. pawnshop ( < mī- + jāelagon + -ion)
  • mijegon [miˈɟegon]
perfect: mijetan
v. V-fin. to lack, be without, be apart from. →inst.
Dōrior dārion udrirzi mijessis. — There’s no country without a language.
  • Mīrīn [ˈmiːɾiːn]
prop. n. 6pauc.5 or 6for. Meereen
Mīrīno Dāria — Queen of Meereen
  • mirre [ˈmirre] -ior
adj. II any This word has many uses, corresponding almost exactly to those of the English equivalent any; some.
In the sense of all:
Henujagon jaelza lua vala mirre henujagon kostas. — Any man who wishes to leave may leave.
in the sense of whatever:
Muñar aōt teptas lue brōzi, iā mirre tolie iderēbās. — Choose the name your parents gave you, or any other.
as opposed to none:
Lo jention mirre nūmāzme ēza, iderenna qopsa verdagon issa. — If leadership is about anything, it’s about making hard choices.
with a negative:
Jomōzussis lua vala mirros ēngoso ȳdrassigon kostilos daor. — A man who keeps getting drunk will not be able to speak any language[138]
In the sense of some:
Mirri ōdria uēpi dōrī drējī zgiēñisi... — Some old wounds never truly heal...
  • mirrī [ˈmirriː]
adv. a bit, somwhat ( < mirre + .)
  • mirriot [ˈmirri͡ot]
indef.pron. somewhere/anywhere ( < mirre.)
Kesīr mirriot dēmā? — Are you sitting anywhere here?
  • mirros [ˈmirros]
indef.pron. 3sol something,[139] anything? (substantive of mirre.)
Ynot mirros epās! — Ask me something![57]
pauc. mirrun indef.pron. some, some people.
Mirrun mōrqitto bantiot sikiks. — Some are born to endless night.[140]
coll. mirror indef.pron. whatever
Ynot mirrori tepās. — Give me whatever.
  • mirtys [ˈmiɾtys]
indef.pron. 2sol. Someone, anyone (< mirre + -tys)
Tolvys mirtys issa. — Everybody is someone.
  • mīsagon [ˈmiːsagon]
perfect: mīstan
v. C-fin.. to defend, to protect. →acc. of the thing protected [141]
  • mīsio [ˈmiːsi͡o]
n. 3lun. protector[142] ( < mīsagon + -io.)
Riñītsoti mīsio. — Protector of little girls.
  • mīsvos [ˈmiːsvos]
n. 3sol. armor ( < mīsagon + -vos.)
Ñuhos mīsvoso jomīsā? — Are you wearing my armor?
  • mittys [ˈmittys]
n. 2sol. fool
Mittys iksā. Āeksia tolī kostōbi issi. — You’re a fool. The masters are too strong.
  • molry [ˈmolry]
n. 2lun. horn
  • morghe [ˈmoɾɣe]
adj. II dead
Ionos Sōnaro morghe iksos daor. — Jon Snow isn't dead.[143]
col. subst. morghor the dead
Bosys bantis amāzis, se morghor zijomy amāzis. — The long night is coming, and the dead come with it.[9]
  • morghon [ˈmoɾɣon]
n. 3ter. death
Morghot nēdyssy sesīr zūgusy azantys vestras. — The knight says that even the brave men fear death.
  • morghūlilare [moɾɣuːliˈlaɾe] -ior
adj. II mortal[144] (future participle of morghūljagon.)
  • morghūljagon [moɾˈɣuːʎagon]
perfect: morghūltan
v. C-fin. to die ( < morghe + -ūljagon.)
of fire to burn out
Zȳhi perzi stepagon Āeksio Ōño jorepi, se morghūltas lī qēlītsos sikagon. — We beg the Lord to share his fire, and light a candle that has gone out.[65]
Valar morghūlis All men must die, a common greeting.
  • mōris [ˈmoːɾis]
n. 5sol. end, conclusion; loc. or adv. mōrī at the end, finally; va moriot always[4] lit. to the end.
  • mōrqitta [moːɾˈqitta]
adj. I endless[145], ceaseless ( < mōris end + -oqitta.)
Mirrun mōrqitto bantiot sikiks. — Some are born to endless night.[140]
  • mōzugon [ˈmoːzugon]
v. V-fin. to drink
Aōhor jūlor mōzun. — I am drinking your milk.
  • muña [ˈmuɲa]
n. 1lun. mother; mother's sister, maternal aunt[46].
Muño ēngos mother tongue.
Muña Zaldrīzoti. — The Mother of Dragons.
Coll. muñar "parents."
Muñar aōt teptas lue brōzi, iā mirre tolie iderēbās. — Choose the name your parents gave you, or any other.
  • mundagon [ˈmundagon]
v. to be miserable
He hears the Stone Men in their misery… — mundari dorenki rybis…
  • munnon [ˈmunnon]
n. 3ter. sorrow (perh. mundagon + -non?)
  • Mȳr [myːr]
prop. n. 3aq. Myr
  • myrdys [myɾdys]
n. 2sol. or 2lun. deer[63]
Sȳndroso lykāpa, myrdomy aderpa, iēdrosa gīdāpa. Zūger korzose trūmȳtrī nektossis. — Quiet as a shadow, swift as a deer, calm as still water. Fear cuts deeper than swords.

N

  • nābēmagon [naːˈbeːmagon]
perfect: nābēdan
v. C-fin. to unfasten, to unleash; to fire a siege engine ( < nā- + bēmagon, to fasten.)
  • nādīnagon [naːˈdiːnagon]
v. to remove ( < nā- + dīnagon)
Geltī aōhe nādīnās. — Remove your helmet.
  • naejītsos [ˈnaɛ̯ɟiːtsos]
n. 3sol. forehead ( < naejon + -ītsos.)
  • naejon [ˈnaɛ̯ɟon]
n. 3ter. front, torso
Zȳhon naejon kostōbon issa; zȳhon inkon daor. — His front is powerful, his back is not.
  • naejos [ˈnaɛ̯ɟos]
n. 3sol. breast, chest, top half of the torso (cf. naejon.)
  • naejot [ˈnaɛ̯ɟot]
postp.→gen. in front of, before; adv. forward, in front, to the front (the locative or dative case of naejon.)
Dovaogēdys! Naejot memēbātās! — Unsullied! Forward march!
  • naena [ˈnaɛ̯na] -ys, -on, -or
num. n. 1lun. a countless number, too high to count, many, multitude, horde (often used in the collective. Cf. naenie.)
  • naenie [ˈnaɛ̯ni͡e] -ior
adj. III many (cf. naena.)
  • nagegon [naˈgegon]
perfect: nagetan
v. V-fin. to sweat
Taoba nagetos daor. — The boy did not sweat.
  • nāgīdāves [naːgiːˈdaːves]
n. 4sol. Inequality[39]
Dobotēdāves. Nāgīdāves. Qrinuntenkāves. — Ignorance. Inequality. Antagonism.[40]
  • nākostōbāves [naːkostoːˈbaːves]
n. 4sol. weakness[146] (< nā- + kostōba + -ves.)
Raqnon nākostōbāves issa. — Love is weakness.
  • nāmorghūlilare [naːmoɾɣuːliˈlaɾe] -ior
adj. II immortal[144] ( < nā- + morghūljagon.)
  • nāmorghūlilaros [naːmoɾɣuːliˈlaɾos]
n. 3sol. immortal[144] (nominalized form of nāmorghūlilare.)
  • nāpāsiros [naːˈpaːsiɾos]
n. 3sol. unbeliever ( < nā- + pāsiros subst. aor. part. of pāsagon.)
Pyryrzy napasirossa vokemilzi, va daorunta ñelli qringaomnā pōjo zālari. — They will purify nonbelievers by the thousands, burning their sins and flesh away.
  • nāpāstys [naːˈpaːstys]
n. 2sol. unbeliever ( < nā- + pāsagon + -tys)
Belma se pōnte sētessis lȳri nāpāstyri ozzālilāt? — Will you burn away the chains and the nonbelievers who make them?[10]
  • nāqopsir [ˈnaːqopsir]
n. 5aq. that which is easy, the basics (substantive of *nāqopsa easy < nā- + qopsa.)
  • nāvar [ˈnaːvar]
n. 1aq. lake
  • nēdenka [neːˈdeŋka]
adj. I brave ( < nēdys + -enka.)
Kostōba Nēdenkā. — Strong and Brave.[116]
  • nēdenkirī [neːˈdeŋkiɾiː]
adv. bravely ( < nēdenka + .)
  • nēdys [ˈneːdys]
n. 2sol brave person (substantivized form of *nēda brave.)
Morghot nēdyssy sesīr zūgusy azantys vestras. — The knight says that even the brave men fear death.
  • nehugon [neˈhugon]
v. V-fin. to leak → inst. of the substance leaked, e.g. ānogrosa nehugon to bleed
Insv. anehugon to leak with impersonal subjects.
Mirri ōdria uēpi dōrī drējī zgiēñisi, sepār hen mībājȳr udīr ānogrosa anehussi. — Some old wounds never truly heal, and bleed again at the slightest word.
  • nekēbagon [neˈkeːbagon]
v. C-fin. to carve
  • nekēpty [neˈkeːpty]
n. 2lun. idol (substantivized perfect participle from nekēbagon to carve; compare nektogon to cut, and the English expression graven image.)
Roberti Dāri zȳhi nekēpti se Āeksiot Ōño jemagon. — Turn King Robert away from his idols and toward the Lord of Light.
  • nektogon [ˈnektogon]
perfect: nektotan
v. V-fin. to cut, to slice.
Ābra gerpī nektotas. — The woman cut the fruit.
  • nevegon [ˈnevegon]
perfect: nevetan
v. V-fin. to carry
Azantys taobe zenturliot nevetas. — The knight carried the boy to the inn.
  • ninkion [ˈniŋki͡on]
n. 3ter. plain, field
  • nopāzma [noˈpaːzma]
n. 1lun hell[4] (< nopon + -āzma.)
Sīkudi nopāzmi! — Seven hells!
  • nopon [ˈnopon]
n. 3ter. hole, pit
  • Norvos [ˈnoɾvos]
prop. n. 3sol. Norvos
  • nūmāzma [nuːˈmaːzma]
n. 1lun. meaning, essence, the truth of it (probably nūmo + -āzma.)
Lo jention mirre nūmāzme ēza, iderenna qopsa verdagon issa. — If leadership is about anything, it’s about making hard choices.
Aōle rūda, nūmāzma issa. — You quit, you mean.
  • nūmio [ˈnuːmi͡o]
n. 3lun. pearl[147] (cf. nūmo)
  • nūmo [ˈnuːmo]
n. 3lun. seed (cf. nūmio)
  • nuspes [ˈnuspes]
n. 4sol. cow, female head of cattle
  • nyke [ˈnyke]
pers.pron. I.
  • nykēla [nyˈkeːla]
refl. 1lun. myself

Ñ

  • ñābranna [ɲaːˈbranna]
n. 1lun. father's younger sister's child, cousin by paternal aunt younger than father[46].
Iōnos ñuha ñābranna issa. — Jon is my cousin.
  • ñāmar [ˈɲaːmar] nābro
n. 1aq. father's younger sister, paternal aunt younger than father[46].
Rhaella aōhor ñāmar issa? — Is Rhaella your aunt?
  • ñāqa [ˈɲaːqa]
adj. I eastern.[148] [149]
Lo vēzos endiā sīmonus se ñāqot mazilībus. — When the sun rises in the west and sets in the east.[55]
  • ñāqes [ˈɲaːqes]
n. 4sol. morning, but can also refer to the dawn.[150][151] ( < ñāqa.)
  • *ñelly, -s
n. 2? skin, flesh as a specific entity?
Pyryrzy napasirossa vokemilzi, va daorunta ñelli qringaomnā pōjo zālari. — They will purify nonbelievers by the thousands, burning their sins and flesh away.
  • ñellyr [ˈɲellyr]
n. 6col.2?. skin, flesh as a general substance?
va ñellyrty perzys fire made flesh
Va ñellyrty perzys zȳhyz zaldrīzesse issi, Āeksio Oño irudy. — Her dragons are fire made flesh, a gift from the Lord of Light.
  • ñepegon [ˈɲepegon]
v. V-fin. to sew
  • ñōghe [ˈɲoːɣe]
n. 4lun. arm
Nykēlo syt ūndon daor luo valzȳro ñōghossi ōressiks. — I find myself held by the arms of a husband I never expected to have.
  • ñōghoqitta [ɲoːɣoˈqitta]
adj. I armless ( < ñōghe + -oqitta.)
ñoghoqitta rīza — armless lizard[56]
  • ñōghybon [ˈɲoːɣybon]
n. 3ter. elbow ( < ñōghe + ybon.)
Ñuhon ñōghybon renigon daor, mittys! — Don't touch my elbow, fool!
  • ñombes [ˈɲombes]
n. 4sol.[19] elephant[152]
  • ñuha [ˈɲuha] -ys, -on, -or
poss. adj. I my
  • ñuhon [ˈɲuhon]
poss.pron. 3ter. mine
  • ñuhoso [ɲuˈhoso]
adv. in my way, as I wish (ins. of ñuha.)
Aōhoso ziry rijībiā, se ñuhoso ziry rijībin. — You worship Him your way, and I'll worship Him mine.
  • ñuqir [ˈɲuqir]
n. 5aq. ash, ashes
Hen sȳndrorro, ōños. Hen ñuqīr, perzys. Hen morghot, glaeson. — From darkness, light. From ashes, fire. From death, life.[65]

O

  • obar [ˈobar]
n. 1aq. curve
  • obūljagon [oˈbuːʎagon]
v. C-fin. to bend [153]
reflexive to bend the knee ( < *ob- seen in obar curve + -ūljagon.)
Se morghon jāle obulilza. — And death itself will bend the knee.
  • obūljarion [oˈbuːʎaɾi͡on]
n. 3ter. surrender (type II substantive of active present participle of obūljagon; lit. "bending (the knee)".)
Belmurtī ivestrās kesīr pōnte jiōrinna se pōjon obūljarion mazōrīnna. — Tell the slavers I will receive them here and accept their surrender.
  • ōdragon [ˈoːdragon]
v. C-fin. to hurt especially of body parts, with the person in the acc.
Laehossa yne ōdris. — My eyes hurt.
  • ōdres [ˈoːdres]
n. 4sol. pain; damage.[154] (cf. ōdragon.)
  • ōdrikagon [oːˈdrikagon]
v. C-fin.? "to harm." ( < ōdres + -ikagon.)
daorys ziry ōdrikilza. — no one will harm him.
  • ōdrio [ˈoːdri͡o]
n. 3lun. wound (from the same root as ōdres, but "different ... because it’s a specific pain, not a general sensation."[155])
Mirri ōdria uēpi dōrī drējī zgiēñisi... — Some old wounds never truly heal...
  • ōghar [ˈoːɣar]
n. 1aq.[19] hair
  • ohīlagon [oˈhiːlagon]
v. C-fin. to stab (poss. oz- + hīlagon.)
  • ohīlvos [oˈhiːlvos]
n. 3sol. dagger, knife ( < ohīlagon + -vos.)
Azantys ohīlvoso taobe idakos! — The knight is attacking the boy with a dagger!
  • oiro [oˈiɾo]
n. 3lun. fat
  • ojehikagon [oɟehiˈkagon]
perfect: ojehittan
v. C-fin. to bless. ( < oz- + jehikagon.)
  • ojughagon [od͡ʒuˈɣagon]
perfect: ojūdan[156]
v. C-fin. to lose[102] ( < oz- + rughagon.)
  • oktion [ˈokti͡on]
n. 3ter city
Va oktio remȳti vale jikās. — Send a man to the city gates.
  • olvī [ˈolviː]
adv. a lot, profusely
Issa, olvī ziry jorrāelan. — Yes, I love him very much.
  • olvie [ˈolvi͡e] olvior
adj. III much, many
Olvī voktī Rulloro Qelbriā ūndessun daor. — I don’t see many priestesses of R’hllor in the Riverlands.
Olvie hen embraro tolmiot nykēlot avy ivestragon issa. — So much news I have to give you from over the seas.
  • olvȳn [ˈolvyːn]
indef.pron. 6pauc.2sol much, many
Olvȳni zaldrīzī eman. — I have many dragons.
  • ondor [ˈondor]
n. 6col.3sol. powers (relex. col. of ondos.)
Kesys ondor avy sytilībus daor. — You should not have these powers.
  • ondos [ˈondos]
n. 3sol. hand. For ondor and ondoso see the respective entries.
Jentys bykyz ondossa ēza. — The ruler has small hands.
  • ondoso [ˈondoso]
postp.→gen. by, at the hand of, used with passive verbs to mark the agent. (Inst. of ondos.)
Valo ondoso Aerys iderēbaks. — Aerys is selected for by the man.
  • onduragon [onduˈɾagon]
v. C-fin. to grasp, to take up, to grab, to seize, to obtain ( < ondos + -uragon)
Iā jemēla zȳhys perzī ondurilāt? — Or will you take up her flames yourselves?[10]
  • onjapos [onˈɟapos]
n. 3sol. carrot
Anne onjapossa ipradas. — The horse is eating carrots.
  • ōños [ˈoːɲos]
n. 3sol. light
Roberti Dāri zȳhi nekēpti se Āeksiot Ōño jemagon. — Turn King Robert away from his idols and toward the Lord of Light.
  • ōrbar [ˈoːɾbar]
n. 1aq.[19] smoke
  • ōregon [ˈoːɾegon]
v. V-fin. to hold
Nykēlo syt ūndon daor luo valzȳro ñōghossi ōressiks. — I find myself held by the arms of a husband I never expected to have.
  • ospȳnagon [osˈspyːnagon]
v. C-fin. to squeeze (probably oz- + unknown verb *pȳnagon probably meaning to press .)
  • ossēnagon [osˈseːnagon]
v. C-fin. to kill, to slay. ( < oz- + sēnagon.)
Dovaogēdys! Āeksia ossēnātās, menti ossēnātās! — Unsullied! Slay the masters, slay the soldiers!
  • ossȳngagon[157] [os'syːŋgagon]
v. to terrify, terrorize (Etymology unknown but does not contain oz-[158], and is not primordially related to zūgagon[159].)
  • ossȳngnon [osˈsyːŋgnon][23]
n. 3ter. terror ( < ossȳngagon + -non.)
Kesrio syt bantis zōbrie issa se ossȳngnoti lēdys. — For the night is dark and full of terrors
  • otāpagon [oˈtaːpagon]
v. to think, to opine
Skoros otāpā? — What do you think?
  • ōtor [ˈoːtor]
n. 3aq. ram, male sheep.[26]
  • ovoño [oˈvoɲo]
n. 3lun. jasmine flower.[160]
  • ozbaragon [oˈzbaɾagon]
perfect: ozbartan
v. C-fin. to brand (< oz- + baragon.)
Hae jeme istin. Sindity se liorty, qilonty se ozbārty, qrillaetty se vaogēdy. — I was once as you are now. Bought and sold, scourged and branded, raped and defiled.
  • ōz [oːz] on-
n. 3sol. dawn (perhaps distantly related to ōños?)[161]
Meri kīvio dārilaros ōz maghagon kostas. — Only the prince who was promised can bring the dawn.[9]
  • ozdakonon [ozdaˈkonon]
n. 3ter. running away ( < oz- + dakogon + -non, by way of *ozdakogon presumably to run away, to flee .)
ozdakonot dīnagon put to flight, chase away.
Sȳndrori jorrāelis lȳr ozdakonot ziry dīntis. — Those who love the darkness chased her away.[10]
  • ozgūrogon [ozˈguːɾogon]
v. V-fin. to capture ( < oz- + gūrogon)
  • ozgūroty [oˈzguːɾoty]
n. 2lun. prisoner, captive (substantivized participle of ozgūrogon to capture.)
Kisalbrot ozgūrotys jagon. — Let the prisoners go to the banquet.
  • ozzālagon [ozˈzaːlagon]
v. C-fin. to burn away ( < oz- + zālagon.)
Belma se pōnte sētessis lȳri nāpāstyri ozzālilāt? — Will you burn away the chains and the nonbelievers who make them? "[10]

P

  • paerī [ˈpaɛ̯ɾiː]
adv. slowly ( < paez + .)
Kēlia vale paerī iprattis. — The lions ate the man slowly.
  • paez [paɛ̯z]
adj. II slow.[162]
  • paghagon [paˈɣagon]
v. C-fin. breathe
  • paktot [ˈpaktot]
adv. to the right; to the side, beside
Jevys qrinuntys jemo paktot issa — Your enemy is beside you.
  • pālemio [ˈpaːlemi͡o]
n. 3lun. wrist
Riña zȳhi raqiros pālemiot ondurtas. — The girl grabbed her friend by the wrist.
  • pamagon [paˈmagon]
perfect: pamptan
v. C-fin. to rub
Taobo bartos ondot pamptan. — I rubbed the boy's head with his own hand.
  • pār [paːr]
pron. then, at that time
Ēlī prūbrī iprattan, pār averille mōzutan. — First I ate the apples, then I drank the wine.
  • parklon [ˈpaɾklon]
n. 3ter. meat
Kēlio parklon ipradas. — The lion is eating meat.
  • parmon [ˈpaɾmon]
n. 3ter. grass
  • pālegon [ˈpaːlegon]
v. V-fin. to turn, to twist, to rotate
  • pāletilla [paːleˈtilla]
n. 1aq°.[19] crown[163] ( < pālegon + -illa.)
  • pāsagon [ˈpaːsagon]
perfect: pāstan
v. C-fin. to trust esp. in perf., believe esp. in imperf.[164]
Kepa zȳhe tale pāsiles. — The father believed his daughter.
  • pāsābare [paːˈsaːbaɾe]
adj. II faithful ( present active participle of pasābagon)
Lo Dārie se pāsābari sytiotāpia lōtirī jorrāeloty, sepār dōre vala arlī īlōn belmurilza. — If we are steadfast in our love for the Queen and her faithful advisors, no man will ever lock us in chains again[11]
  • pasābagon [pasaːˈbagon]
v. C-fin. to follow someone as in "be a follower of". [165]( < pāsagon + -ēbagon?)
  • pelar [ˈpelar]
n. 1aq wave[166]
  • pelōñe [peˈloːɲe]
adj. II coming from the waves (< pelar + -ōñe)[166]
  • pēko [ˈpeːko]
n. 3lun[19] olive
  • peldio [ˈpeldi͡o]
n. 3lun. snake, viper (possibly from a verb root *pel- meaning something like to wiggle, undulate, wave? Cf. pelar.)
Peldiō sȳndor. — The viper's shadow.[167]
  • pendagon [ˈpendagon]
v. V-fin. to wonder.
  • Pentos [ˈpentos]
prop. n. 3sol. Pentos
  • perzys [ˈpeɾzys]
n. 2sol. fire, flame;[168] zīrtys perzys[169] frozen fire, dragonglass, obsidian; perzo bē ȳgha fireproof.
Perzys Ānogār. — Fire and Blood.
col. perzyr fire as a substance.
  • pikībagon [piˈkiːbagon]
perfect: pikīptan
v. C-fin. to read. ( < *pikagon + -ībagon.)
Riña raqiroso pikīptas. — The girl read with a friend.
  • piktagon [pikˈtagon]
v. C-fin. to follow. [170]
  • pirta [ˈpiɾta]
adj. III false (etymology unknown. Possibly derived from an obsolete verb *piragon to lie, but no such verb exists in the Classical language.)
  • pirtiapos [ˈpiɾtiapos]
n. 3sol. joke (contains -iapos; cf. pirta, pirtir.) [171]
  • pirtir [ˈpiɾtir]
n. 5aq. falsehood, lie (subs. of pirta.)
Kostilus jevi āeksia yno bē pirtra jemot vestretis. — Your masters may have told you lies about me.
  • pilogon [piˈlogon]
perfect: pilotan
v. V-fin. to hold with the hands (not the arms.)
Qilōni pilos lue vale tolvie ossēnātās — Slay every man who holds a whip!
  • pogry [ˈpogry]
n. 2lun. nail, claw
  • pōnta [ˈpoːnta]
pers.pron. they.
  • pōntāla [poːnˈtaːla]
refl. 1lun. themselves
  • pōja [ˈpoːɟa] -ys, -on, -or
poss. adj. I their
  • pōjon [ˈpoːɟon]
poss.pron. 3ter. theirs
  • pragrion [ˈpragri͡on]
n. 3ter bark
  • prūbres [ˈpruːbres]
n. 4sol apple [172]
Korzitī prūbrī jorrāelan. — I like the firm apples.
  • prūmia [ˈpruːmi͡a]
n. 1lun. heart.
Dārys issa vestris, se prūmio ñuho konir drējior issa. — They say he is a king and of my heart that is true.
Ñuho prūmiā iksā. — You are in my heart.[173]
  • pryjagon [pryˈɟagon]
perfect: pryjatan
v. V-fin. to destroy, to break;[174] strike off. Perf.pass.part. pryjata "destroyed."
Urnet luo buzdaro tolvio belma pryjātās! — Strike the chains off every slave you see!
  • pryjatys [pryˈɟatys]
n. 2sol. destroyer, breaker ( < pryjagon + -tys.)
Belmo Pryjatys — Breaker of Chains
  • puatta [ˈpu͡atta] -ys, -on, -or
adj. I rotten (possibly a perfect participle)
  • pungilla [puŋˈgilla]
n. 1aq°. nostril ( < pungos + -illa.)
  • pungos [ˈpuŋgos]
n. 3sol. nose
Skoriot aōhys pungos ilza, ñuhus talus? — Where is your nose, my daughter?
  • puñila [puˈɲila]
adj. I worn, weather beaten; of language proficiency rusty
  • purtagon [ˈpuɾtagon]
v. C-fin. to scratch
  • pyghagon [pyˈɣagon]
v. C-fin. to jump; to beat (of the heart)
perfect: pȳdan
...rūso zȳhosy gōvilirose zijo syt pyghas lue prūmie. — ... with his child beneath the heart that beats for him.
  • pykagon [pyˈkagon]
v. C-fin. to spit
  • pyrys [ˈpyɾys]
num. 2sol. thousand[175]
col.ins. pyryrzy by the thousands
Pyryrzy napasirossa vokemilzi, va daorunta ñelli qringaomnā pōjo zālari. — They will purify nonbelievers by the thousands, burning their sins and flesh away.

Q

  • qablos [ˈqablos]
n. 3sol.[19] liver
  • qaedar [ˈqaɛ̯dar]
n. 1aq. whale
Qaedar klios issa? Daor! — Is a whale a fish? No!
  • qana [ˈqana] -ys, -on, -or
adj. I sharp
  • Qarthi [ˈqaɾθi], Qarth
prop. n. 6for. Qarth
Konor sēter hen Qarthī issa. — That spell is from Qarth.
  • qanemagon [qaneˈmagon]
perfect: qanēdan
v. C-fin. (irreg.) to sharpen. ( < qana + -emagon.)
  • qantys [ˈqantys]
n. 2sol. crab (perhaps < qana + -tys.)
  • qelbar [ˈqelbar]
n. 1aq. river.
  • Qelbria [ˈqelbri͡a]
prop. n. 1aq°. the Riverlands ( < qelbar + -ria.)
Olvī voktī Rulloro Qelbriā ūndessun daor. — I don’t see many priestesses of R’hllor in the Riverlands.
  • qelbōñe [qelˈboːɲe]
adj. II that lives/comes from the river (< qelbar + -ōñe.)[176] qelbōñe kēli river otter.
  • qeldlie [ˈqeldli͡e] -ior
adj. III yellow, golden-colored, light brown, light orange
Ondos Qeldlie — Goldenhand[177]
  • qēlītsos [ˈqeːliːtsos]
n. 3sol. candle ( < qēlos + -ītsos, lit. app. little star.)
Zȳhi perzi stepagon Āeksio Ōño jorepi, se morghūltas lī qēlītsos sikagon. — We beg the Lord to share his fire, and light a candle that has gone out.[65]
  • qēlos [ˈqeːlos]
n. 3sol. star (original meaning may be torch: cf. qēlītsos.)
Vēzos qēlossās ñuho. — My sun and stars.[64]
Onqēlos Morning Star (At least as a translation for the name Danica, having the same meaning; < ōz + qēlos.)
  • qībōños [qiːˈboːños]
n. 3sol. cloak (possibly the substantivized form of an unattested adjective qībōñe, cf. -ōñe)
Qībōños eman. — I have a cloak.
  • qilōnagon [qiˈloːnagon]
perfect: qilontan
v. C-fin. to scourge, to chastise (cf. qilōny whip.)
Hae jeme istin. Sindity se liorty, qilonty se ozbārty, qrillaetty se vaogēdy. — I was once as you are now. Bought and sold, scourged and branded, raped and defiled.
Dohaeriros istin, sindita liortā, qilonta ozbartā. — I was a slave once, bought and sold, scourged and branded.[9]
  • qilōnarion [qiˈloːnaɾi͡on]
n. 3ter punishment, chastisement (type II substantive of active present participle of qilōnagon; lit. "scourging/chastising".)
Qilōnario Geron. — Walk of Punishment.
  • qilōny [qiˈloːny]
n. 2lun. whip
Qilōni pilos lue vale tolvie ossēnātās. — Slay every man who holds a whip.
  • qimos [ˈqimos]
n. 3sol. chin
  • qintir [ˈqintir]
n. 5aq. turtle
Ñuhor qintir jorrāelzi. — They love my turtle.
  • qlādugon [ˈqlaːdugon]
v. V-fin. to drag on the ground or behind one
Belmondo bantāzma bōsa jemī qlādīlusy botilat? — Will you let them drag you back into the long night of bondage?[10]
  • qogron [ˈqogron]
n. 3ter. line (prob. in the military sense; see qogror below.), pl. qogra formation
Ābris, qogrossi jemēle verdātās! — Ladies, let's get in formation![71]
  • qogror [ˈqogror]
n. 6col.3ter. ranks; class, type, gender (relexicalized collective of qogron.)
Jenti jevi jemēle iderēbilātās, qogrondo jevo hēdrȳ — You will select your own leader, from amongst your own ranks.
vēzenkon qogror. — “solar class”.[74]
  • Qohor [ˈqohor] gen. Qorho
prop. n. 3aq. Qohor
Vargo hen Qorhot issa. — Vargo is from Qohor.
  • qopsa [ˈqopsa] -ys, -on, -or
adj. I hard, difficult
Lo jention mirre nūmāzme ēza, iderenna qopsa verdagon issa. — If leadership is about anything, it’s about making hard choices.
  • qrīdronnor [qriːˈdronnor]
n. 6col.3ter. Chaos.[72] (< qrin- + rholagon + -non, lit. (pejorative) mixture.)[178]
Qrīdronnor hepvos issa. — Chaos is a ladder.
  • qrīdropagon [qriːdroˈpagon]
perfect: qrīdropatas
v. V-fin. to be disgraced, to take a misstep, to make a faux-pas, to be lost, to be destroyed socially, figuratively to be lost[179] (< qrin- + ropagon , lit. to misfall.)
Lo inkot ūndion, qrīdropēnna. — If I look back, I am lost.
  • qrīdrughagon [qriːdruˈɣagon]
perfect: qrīdrūdan
v. C-fin. to give up, to abandon, to throw away, to discard, to leave behind, to jettison. ( < qrin- + rughagon, with the same n-deletion rule[180] seen in bianorbiādra.)
  • qrillaodigon [qril'laɔ̯digon]
perfect: qrilaetan
v. V-fin.. to rape (contains qrin-, cf laodigon.)
Hae jeme istin. Sindity se liorty, qilonty se ozbārty, qrillaetty se vaogēdy. — I was once as you are now. Bought and sold, scourged and branded, raped and defiled.
  • qrimbrōzagon [ˈqrimbroːzagon]
perfect: qrimbrōstan
v. C-fin. to curse in the arcane sense (lit. to name badly, < qrin- + brōzagon.)
  • qrimbughegon [qrimbuˈɣegon]
v. V-fin. to drown[156] ( < qrin- + bughegon.)
  • qringaomagon [qriŋˈgaɔ̯magon]
v. C-fin. to fail, to make a mistake, to err, to sin. ( < qrin- + gaomagon.)
perfect: qringōntan
"Skorion massitas?" "Qringōntan." — "What happened?" "I failed."
Valar Qringaomis. — All men must fail.[181]
  • qringaomio [qriŋˈgaɔ̯mi͡o]
n. 3lun. evildoer ( < qringaomagon + -io.)[182]
  • qringaomnon [qriŋˈgaɔ̯mnon]
n. 3ter. sin, misdeed ( < qringaomagon + -non.)
Pyryrzy napasirossa vokemilzi, va daorunta ñelli qringaomnā pōjo zālari. — They will purify nonbelievers by the thousands, burning their sins and flesh away.
hen pōjo qringaomnoti for their sins
Dohaerirossa hen pōjo belmondo daerēdas se hen pōjo qringaomnoti Āeksia īlinurtas. — She has freed the slaves from their chains and crucified the Masters for their sins.
  • qrinuntenka [qrinunˈteŋka]
adj. I antagonistic[183]
  • qrinuntenkāves [qrinunteŋˈkaːves]
n. 4sol. antagonism.[39]
Dobotēdāves. Nāgīdāves. Qrinuntenkāves. — Ignorance. Inequality. Antagonism.[40]
  • qrinuntys [qriˈnuntys]
n. 2sol. enemy
Jevys qrinuntys jemo paktot issa — Your enemy is beside you.
  • qryldes [ˈqryldes]
n. 4sol. male pig, boar
  • quba [ˈquba] -ys, -on, -or
adj. I poor, bad, inferior; low; early
qubirī [qu'biɾiː]
adv. badly, poorly ( < quba + -irī.)
Dārys azantī qubirī jemas. — The king is leading the soldiers poorly.
  • *qubor [ˈqubor]
n. 1aq/3aq. speculatively bad place or thing, badness
Qubroti jās! — Fuck off![184]
  • qulbes [ˈqulbes]
n. 4sol. chicken
  • qumblie [ˈqumbli͡e]
adj. III thick
Qumblie geltī emā. — You have a thick helmet.
  • qupēgrie [qupˈeːgri͡e]
adj. III terrible ( < possibly the same root as in quba + -ēgrie.)
Zȳha Valyria qupēgrie issa. — His Valyrian is terrible[10]
  • quptenka [qupˈteŋka] -ys, -on, -or
adj. I pagan; Quptenkys Ēngos The Common Tongue; ( < quptys.)
Quptenkos Ēngoso ȳdrassis? — Do you speak the Common tongue?
  • quptys [ˈquptys]
n. 2sol. heathen
Quptyssy pontālī johegzi se jomōzū. — The heathen continue to slaughter each other and you continue to get drunk
  • qurdon [ˈquɾdon]
n. 3ter. table
  • qūvy [ˈquːvy]
n. 2lun. tear
  • qȳbor [ˈqyːbor]
n. 3aq. mother's younger brother, maternal uncle younger than mother[46].
Ñurho qȳbro anni kostōbi issi. — My uncle's horses are powerful.
  • qȳbranna [qyːˈbranna]
n. 1lun. mother's younger brother's child, cousin by maternal uncle younger than mother[46].
Ñuha qȳbranna sȳz annī ēza. — My cousin has a good horse.

R

  • raedes [ˈraɛ̯des]
n. 4sol. scorpion
  • rāenābagon [raːɛ̯ˈnaːbagon]
v. C-fin. to wash ( < rāena- + -ēbagon.)
  • rāenagon [ˈraːɛ̯nagon]
perfect: rāentan
v. C-fin. to wipe, to brush
Dohaerirot ñuhe annī rāenagon sētan. — I made the servant brush my horse.
  • rāenion [ˈraːɛ̯ni͡on]
n. 3ter. shore (probably connected to rāenagon and rāenābagon, with the idea of the land that the sea washes.)
  • rāelagon [ˈraːɛ̯lagon]
v. C-fin. to hold (see also pilogon)
Ȳghāpī īlōn rāelza. — He holds us safe.
  • rakegon [raˈkegon]
perfect: raketan
v. V-fin. →inf. to take part in, to participate in, to have a hand in
Astapor dāeremagon raketan. — I took part in freeing Astapor.
  • rāpa [ˈraːpa]
adj. I soft
  • rāpūljagon [raːˈpuːʎagon]
perfect: rāpūltan
v. C-fin. to soften. (rāpa + -ūljagon.)
  • raqagon [raˈqagon]
perfect: rattan[185]
v. C-fin. to appreciate, to like, to love "lighter" than jorrāelagon,[186] to enjoy
Dohaeriakson raqan. — I like to be served.[42]
Avy jorrāelan. Avy raqan. — I love you. I love you.
Nuiōrkī sōnari raqō daor? — Are you enjoying winter in New York?[187]
  • raqiros [raˈqiɾos]
n. 3sol. friend (relex. aor. part. of raqagon.)
Zūgagon daor, ñuhys raqiros. — Don’t be afraid, my friend.
  • raqiarzy [raˈqi͡aɾzy]
n. 2lun beloved[188] (nominalized aorist passive participle of raqagon.)
  • raqnon [ˈraqnon]
n. 3ter. love[146], appreciation
Raqnon nākostōbāves issa. — Love is weakness.
  • rēbagon [reːˈbagon]
v. C-fin. to go through, to move through, to walk, to pass; to undergo[189].
Prūmiā līrinoso rēbās! — Walk with a smile in your heart!
Ynot rēbagon. — Let me pass.
  • reks [ˈreks]
n. 3sol. frog
  • relgos [ˈrelgos]
n. 3sol. mouth of a human.
Avera ñuhȳ relgot eman. — I have the grapes in my mouth.
  • remio [ˈremi͡o]
n. 3lun. gate, city gate
Va oktio remȳti vale jikās. — Send a man to the city gates.
  • renigon [reˈnigon]
v. V-fin. to touch e.g. with the hand; for inanimate subjects, use the instrumental passive jenigon.
  • resagon [reˈsagon]
v. C-fin. to lean, to list to one side, in the nautical sense.
  • Rhaegal [ˈr̥aɛ̯gal]
prop. n. 6for.lun[190] Rhaegal
  • rhaenagon [ˈr̥aɛ̯nagon]
perfect: rhēdan
v. C-fin. to meet; to find, to encounter, to discover
Riña Dovaogēdo muñe rhaenas. — The girl finds the Unsullied's mother.
to begin, to start (idiomatic usage: the object is an event, a season or a time period).
Sūbroma tubis rhaenin. — I begin my day with tea.[191]
  • rhēdegon [ˈr̥eːdegon]
v. V-fin. to know a person, to be acquainted with (the eventative form of rhaenagon, to meet.)
Ābra kepe rhēdes lua vala raqiros issa. — The man whose father the woman knows is a friend.
  • rhinka [ˈr̥iŋka]
adj. I (of a material or texture) rough, coarse; by extension unpleasant[192]
  • rholagon [r̥oˈlagon]
v. C-fin. to mix[178], to mix up, to mix together, to blend (to convey that something mixes with something else, use either a standard conjunctive strategy, or put the second element in the comitative).
  • rhovagon [r̥oˈvagon]
v. C-fin. to bark (perh. onomatopoeic)
Jaohossa rhovis. Jaohossa rhovisi — The dogs are barking. Dogs bark.[64]
  • rhūqes [ˈr̥uːqes]
n. 4sol. dove, pigeon (onomatopoeic)
Tolī rhūqo lōtinti, kostilus. — More pigeon pie, please.[4]
  • rīgles [ˈriːgles]
n. 4sol. honor, distinction (poss. related to rijagon)
inst. rīglose with honor ued advverbially as an equivaelent to it is an honor
Riglose Belmot Pryjatys rhaenan. — It is an honor to meet the Breaker of Chains.[9]
  • rijagon [riˈɟagon]
perfect: riddan
v. C-fin. to praise, to laud (cf. rijes.)
Dārys azanti rijas. — The king praises the soldier.[193]
  • rijes [ˈriɟes]
n. 4sol. praise, compliment (cf. rijagon.)
rijes aōt praise to you, poss. an expression for congratulations![194]
Rijes aōt, Papayus! — Praise to you, Papaya![33]
  • rijībagon [riˈɟiːbagon]
perfect: rijiptan
v. C-fin. to worship; to praise; to obey ( < rijagon + -ībagon.)
Aōhoso ziry rijībiā, se ñuhoso ziry rijībin. — You worship Him your way, and I'll worship Him mine.
  • rijīblion [riˈɟiːbli͡on]
n. 3ter. temple, church, place of worship ( < rijībagon + -lion.)
Jehikarȳ Kinvaro iōrat, Eglio Vokto hen Rijībliot Volantīhot, Drīvo Perzo, Sylvio Ōño, Dohaeriro Ēlio Āeksio Oño syt. — You stand in the presence of Kinvara, High Priestess of the Red Temple of Volantis, the Flame of Truth, the Light of Wisdom, the First Servant of the Lord of Light.[45]
  • rijnor [ˈriɟnor]
n. 6col.3ter. praise ( col. of *rijnon < rijagon + -non.)
Rijnondi praise (to you) poss. an expression for congratulations[195]
Rijnondi, Donis! — Praise (to you), Don!
  • riña [ˈriɲa]
n. 1lun. girl, maiden; child
Gryves se Riña Litse. — The Bear and the Maiden Fair.
qilōni pilos lue vale tolvie ossēnātās, yn riñe dōre ōdrikātās. — slay every man who holds a whip, but harm no child.
coll. riñar children.
Lo zȳhyz zaldrīzesse Āeksiō Ōñō irudy Daenerot issi, sepār Daenerys Āeksiō irudy riñarta zȳhot issa. — Just as her dragons are a gift from the Lord of Light to Daenerys, so then is Daenerys a gift from the Lord to her children.[11]
  • riñītsos [riˈɲiːtsos]
n. 3sol. little child; little girl[196] (riña + -ītsos.)
  • rios [ˈri͡os] gen. riho
n. 3sol canyon, valley
Zaldrīzes rihot ilza! — There is a dragon in the valley!
  • ripo [ˈripo]
n. 3lun. core, pit of a fruit, stone of a fruit, meat of a nut.
  • rīza [ˈriːza]
n. 1lun. reptile, lizard
ñoghoqitta rīza — armless lizard[56]
  • rizmon [ˈrizmon]
n. 3ter. sand
  • rōbir [ˈroːbir]
n. 5aq.[19] fig.
Sparos rōbir angotas. — Who bit the fig?
  • ropagon [roˈpagon]
perfect: ropatas[197]
v. V-fin. to fall
Averilloma mittys ropatas. — The drunken fool fell.
  • rōva [ˈroːva] , comp. rōvykta
adj. I big, large
Davido zaldrīzes aōhos zaldrīzose rōvyktys issa. — David’s dragon is bigger than your dragon.
  • rōvēgrie [roːˈveːgri͡e]
adj. III huge, enormous; colloquially great, excellent, awesome ( < rōva + -ēgrie.)
Kony rōvēgrior blēnon issa! — That is an enormous mountain!
rōvēgrior intj. "excellent"[64]
  • rōvēgrī [roːˈveːgriː]
adv. greatly, enormously ( < rōvēgrie + .)
Rōvēgrī qringōntan. — I’ve erred enormously[198]
  • ruaka [ˈru͡aka]
adj. I dull; ineffective
  • ruaragon [ru͡aˈɾagon]
v. C-fin. to hide, to conceal hen →dat.[199] from...
Kēli hen aōt ruarza. — The cat is hiding from you.[200]
  • rudigon [ruˈdigon]
v. V-fin. to dig
  • rudirys [ruˈdiɾys]
n. 2sol. hole, pit (specifically, one that has been dug) ( < rudigon + -tys with rhotacism)
  • rughagon [ruˈɣagon]
perfect: rūdan
v. C-fin. to drop; in the reflexive to quit hen →dat. something.
Aōle rūda, nūmāzma issa. — You quit, you mean.
  • rūklon [ˈruːklon]
n. 3ter. flower[201]
Rūkluni ynot teptas lua vala bisy issa. — This is the man who gave me some flowers.
prop. n. 6for[203] R'hllor, the Lord of Light (possibly from Asshai'i.)
Olvī voktī Rulloro Qelbriā ūndessun daor. — I don’t see many priestesses of R’hllor in the Riverlands.
  • rūnagon [ˈruːnagon]
v. C-fin. to remember
Jelmor rūnis. — The North remembers[94]
Jelmor rūnas. — The North remembers[94]
  • rūniapos [ˈruːni͡apos]
n. 3sol. letter, note ( < rūnagon + -iapos.)
n. 3sol. infant, baby, child.
Ȳghāpī īlōn rāelza, kesrio syt lanta iksan, rūso zȳhosy gōvilirose zijo syt pyghas lue prūmie. — He holds us safe, for now I am two, with his child beneath the heart that beats for him.
  • [ryː]
post.→gen. between, in between, through, across, throughout, all in reference to a time period e.g. one's life.
Jevo glaesoti rȳ buzdari istiat. — You have been slaves all your life.
  • rȳbagon [ˈryːbagon]
perfect: ryptan
v. C-fin. to hear; to obey, to heed.
Jeva jorepna ryptas se pōnte udlitas. — He has heard your prayers and answered them.
  • ryptegon [ˈryptegon]
v. V-fin. to listen (eventative of rȳbagon.)
  • rytsa [ˈrytsa]
adj. I healthy
  • rytsas [ˈrytsas]
exp. hello. ( < rytsa)
  • *rytsurnon [ryˈtsuɾnon]
n. 3ter. regards, greetings ( prob. *rytsuragon (< rytsas + -uragon) + -non)
Lannisteri rytsurna pōja jittis. — The Lannisters send their regards.[205]

S

  • saelie [ˈsaɛ̯li͡e] -ior
num. adj. III third
  • sagon [ˈsagon]
perfect: istan
v. irreg. to be. 3s forms issa[206] and kessa[4] may be used to mean yes.
  • sahagon [saˈhagon]
perfect: sētan
v. irreg. to use; to cause, to force →dat.+inf.
Dohaerirot ñuhe annī rāenagon sētan. — I made the servant brush my horse.
  • sambar [ˈsambar]
n. 1aq. cloud
  • sambrar [ˈsambrar]
n. 6col.1aq. fog (col. of sambar cloud.)
  • se [se]
conj. and
Gryves se Riña Litse. — The Bear and the Maiden Fair.
  • sēnagon [ˈseːnagon]
v. C-fin. to kill[207], to murder
Perzys zaldrīzi sēnagon kostos daor. — Fire cannot kill a dragon.
  • sentys [ˈsentys]
n. 2sol. killer, slayer ( < sēnagon + -tys.) ,[e short, perhaps typographic mistake]
  • sepār [ˈsepaːr]
conj. and especially where consecutivity is implied, and then, and so, next; therefore, thus; just so ( < se + pār.)
Mirri ōdria uēpi dōrī drējī zgiēñisi, sepār hen mībājȳr udīr ānogrosa anehussi. — Some old wounds never truly heal, and bleed again at the slightest word.
conj. just as, as
Elēni ñuhe jogeltigon sylutis, sepār jevon jogeltigon sylussi. Yn kostosy daor. — They tried to silence my voice, as they try to silence yours. But they cannot.
in conditionals then...
Lo Dārie se pāsābari sytiotāpia lōtirī jorrāeloty, sepār dōre vala arlī īlōn belmurilza. — If we are steadfast in our love for the Queen and her faithful advisors, no man will ever lock us in chains again[11]
adv. also, even, and also
  • sesīr [ˈsesiːr]
conj. and now, and so, and ( < se "and" + sīr "now".)
Sesīr Urnēbion Zȳhon Keliton Issa. — And Now His Watch Is Ended.
Tubī hae kesīr sittāks, sesīr kirine iksan. — You were born on a day like this one, and so I am happy.
adv. also, even, and also
Morghot nēdyssy sesīr zūgusy azantys vestras. — The knight says that even the brave men fear death.
  • sētegon [ˈseːtegon]
v. V-fin. to make, to create, to bring forth, to bring into being, to conjure; to shape, to form, to give form to, to mould, to fashion, to work (e.g. some substance); to smith, to forge (eventative of sahagon.)[208]
Belma se pōnte sētessis lȳri nāpāstyri ozzālilāt? — Will you burn away the chains and the nonbelievers who make them?[10]
  • sēter [ˈseːter]
n. 3aq. magic spell, enchantment (prob from sahagon, or perh. sētegon.)
  • sīglie [ˈsiːgli͡e] -ior
num. adj. III seventh
  • sigligon [siˈgligon]
perfect: siglitan
v. V-fin. to bear again, to give birth to anew; to reinstantiate, to reinitiate, to restart, to reboot; to reignite ( < sikagon + -ligon.)
in the passive to be born again, to be reborn
Vȳs verdlios perzomy siglitaks! Dāria Zaldrīzoti! — From the fire she was reborn to remake the world! The Dragon Queen!
  • sikagon [siˈkagon]
perfect: sittan
v. C-fin. to give birth to, to bear (prob. sagon, or its aorist sigon, + -ikagon.)
Tubī hae kesīr sittāks, sesīr kirine iksan. — You were born on a day like this one, and so I am happy.
to light a candle
Zȳhi perzi stepagon Āeksio Ōño jorepi, se morghūltas lī qēlītsos sikagon. — We beg the Lord to share his fire, and light a candle that has gone out.[65]
  • sīkuda [ˈsiːkuda] -ys, -on, -on
num. adj. I seven
  • sīkudēpsa [ˈsiːkudeːpsa] indec.
num. seventy
  • sīmonagon [siːmoˈnagon]
perfect: sīmontan
v. C-fin. to rise; to grow in size or proportion (the definition will change depending on the subject).
  • sindigon [ˈsindigon]
perfect: sindita
v. V-fin. to buy[209], to purchase
Hae jeme istin. Sindity se liorty, qilonty se ozbārty, qrillaetty se vaogēdy. — I was once as you are now. Bought and sold, scourged and branded, raped and defiled.
Dohaeriros istin, sindita liortā, qilonta ozbartā. — I was a slave once, bought and sold, scourged and branded.[9]
  • sindilion [ˈsindilion]
n. 3ter. Market, marketplace ( < sindigon + -lion.)
Dārys dāriā sindiliot udekurzi. — The king and the queen are approaching the marketplace.
  • sīr [siːr]
adv. now, already
Yn dāeri vali sīr issi — But you are free men now.
lo sīr now that
Jemēlo kaerīnnon ivīlībilāt, lo sīr Dāria Daenerys jemī ivīlībagon kesīr īlos daor? — Will you fight for your own salvation, now that Queen Daenerys is not here to fight for you?[10]
  • sīrgo [siːɾgo]
adv. prior, previously, before (now), beforehand (sīr + go.)
Sīrgō parklon iprattā? — Have you eaten meat before?
  • sīudīblie [ˈsiːudiːbli͡e] -ior
num. adj. III seventieth
  • skore [ˈskoɾe] -ior
int.pron. adj. II which for inanimates, what
  • skorī [ˈskoɾiː]
int.pron. when, at what time
Skorī vala rōbir angotas? — When did the man bite the fig?
conj./rel.pron. when
Skorī dēmalȳti tymptir tymis, ērinis iā morghūlis. — When you play the game of thrones, you win or you die.
  • skorlūs [ˈskorluːs]
int.pron. what kind of →gen. ( < skore + lūs.)
  • skorion [ˈskoɾi͡on]
int.pron. 3ter. what esp. for places, mass nouns, and abstracts
"Skorion massitas?" — "What happened?"
skorio syt why
  • skoriot [ˈskoɾi͡ot]
int.pron. where (loc. of skorion.)
SKORIOT ÑUHYZ ZALDRĪZESSE ISSI?![77] — WHERE ARE MY DRAGONS?![210]
  • skoros [ˈskoɾos]
int.pron. 3sol. what esp. for concrete, countable items
Skoros otāpā? — What do you think?
Skoroso jemēle brōzāt? — What are your names?
Skoros gaomā? — What are you doing?[211]
skoro syt why
Skoro syt ipradā? — Why are you eating?
hae skorot →eq. How with adjectives and adverbs.
Hae skorot vala bōsāpa issa? — How tall is the man?
  • skorkydoso [skoɾkyˈdoso]
int.pron. how, by what way, by what means ( < skore + -kydoso.)
Skorkydoso udlilat? — How will you respond?[10]
Skorkydoso glaesā? How are you?[64]
  • skorverdon [skoɾˈveɾdon]
int.pron. 3ter. how many, what amount, what number →gen., usually pl., followed by a 3sg. verb (the pronoun being considered the subject of the question modified by a genitive of content) ( < skore + verdon).
Skorverdon valoti ēdrus? — How many men are sleeping?
  • skorȳso [ˈskoɾyːso]
int.pron. why; conj. because properly used in this sense only in response to a question. (instrumental of skoros.)
  • soljanna [soˈʎanna]
n. 1lun. rudder
  • sōlutty [soːˈlutty]
n. 2lun. scroll
Sōlutti gūrogon aōhe mandie sytilības. — Your older sister should get a scroll.
  • sombāzmion [somˈbaːzmi͡on]
n. 3ter. castle[212], fortress ( < somby + -āzma + -ion.)
  • somby [ˈsomby]
n. 2lun. shield
  • sōna [ˈsoːna]
n. 1lun. snow. gen.col. Sōnaro Snow surname used by acknowledged bastards in The North of Westeros.
  • sōnar [ˈsoːnar]
n. 6col.1lun. winter[213] (relex. col. of sōna.)
Sōnar Māzis — Winter Is Coming
  • sōpagon [ˈsoːpagon]
v. C-fin. to laugh
  • sōvegon [ˈsoːvegon]
v. V-fin. to fly
  • sōvemagon [ˈsoːvemagon]
v. C-fin. (irreg.) to make fly ( < sōvegon + -emagon.)
Vestriarja īlōn sōvemagon kostis. — Stories can make us fly.[214]
  • sōvion [ˈsoːvi͡on]
n. 3ter. butterfly ( perhaps < sōvegon.)
  • spare [ˈspaɾe] -ior
int.pron. adj. II which for animates
Spare vale ābra urnes? — Which man does the woman see?
  • sparion [ˈspaɾi͡on]
int.pron. 3ter. who esp. for mass nouns, and abstracts.
  • sparos [ˈspaɾos]
int.pron. who esp. for concrete, countable entities.
Sparos rōbir angotas. — Who bit the fig?
sparo syt For whom? On account of whom? For whose sake?
  • stepagon [ˈstepagon]
perfect: steptan
v. Insv. C-fin. to share.
Zȳhi perzi stepagon Āeksio Ōño jorepi, se morghūltas lī qēlītsos sikagon. — We beg the Lord to share his fire, and light a candle that has gone out.[65]
  • sūmar[215] ['suːmar] sūbr-
n. 1aq. tea
Sūbroma tubis rhaenin. — I begin my day with tea.[191]
  • suvion [ˈsuvio͡n]
n. 3ter ice
Ziry kivio dārilaros issa, se zȳhon suvio perzō vāedar issa. — He is the prince that was promised, and his is the song of ice and fire.[32]
  • sylugon [syˈlugon]
perfect: sylutan
v. V-fin. to try[216] (cf. sylvia.)
Elēni ñuhe jogeltigon sylutis, sepār jevon jogeltigon sylussi. Yn kostosy daor. — They tried to silence my voice, as they try to silence yours. But they cannot.
  • sylutegon [syluˈtegon]
v. V-fin. trans. to taste something[43] (eventative of sylugon.)
Averille sylutetā? — Have you tasted the wine?
  • sylvia [ˈsylvi͡a]
n. 1lun. wisdom (cf. sylugon, the sense being experience.)
Jehikarȳ Kinvaro iōrat, Eglio Vokto hen Rijībliot Volantīhot, Drīvo Perzo, Sylvio Ōño, Dohaeriro Ēlio Āeksio Oño syt. — You stand in the presence of Kinvara, High Priestess of the Red Temple of Volantis, the Flame of Truth, the Light of Wisdom, the First Servant of the Lord of Light.[45]
  • sylvie [ˈsylvi͡e]
adj. III wise
  • sȳndrilla [syːnˈdrilla]
n. 1aq°. color (< sȳndor + -illa.)
Sparior sȳndrilla Rhaegal issa? — What color is Rhaegal?
  • sȳndor [ˈsyːndor]
n. 3aq.[217] shadow [167]
Peldiō sȳndor. — The viper's shadow.
Sȳndror ilis luo tegunno Mordrot. — In the land of Mordor, where the shadows lie[78]
sȳndror darkness
… se sȳndrori jorrāelis lȳr… — … and those who love the darkness…[10]
Hen sȳndrorro, ōños. — From darkness, light.[218]
  • sȳrī [ˈsyːɾiː]
adv. well
Sȳrī avy ūjus dohaeragon. — May it serve you well.
  • Syrio [ˈsyɾi͡o]
prop. n. 3aq. Syrio (cf. sȳz.)
Sȳrī avy ūjus dohaeragon. — May it serve you well.
  • syt [syt]
postp.→gen. for. Skoro syt why? (prob. historically the locative or dative of an unknown or lost noun, perhaps something like *sion, or maybe something related to sȳz, with the idea of for the good of....)
rūso zȳhosy gōvilirose zijo syt pyghas lue prūmie. — with his child beneath the heart that beats for him.
  • sytiderēbagon [sytideˈɾeːbagon]
perfect: sytiderēptan
v. Obl. appl. C-fin. to chose for, select for. +acc: the person for whom the thing is selected (this applies even in the passive), +dat: the thing selected. ( < syt- + i- + derēbagon.)
Vala rōbrȳti Aeri sytiderēbza. — The man selects figs for Aerys."
Aeri sytiderēbaks. — Aerys is selected for.
  • sytilībagon [sytiˈliːbagon]
perfect: sytilīptan
v. C-fin. to belong; to be for. (prob. < syt- + il- + -ībagon.)
  • sytiotāpio [syti͡oˈtaːpi͡o]
n. 3lun?' advisor ( < syt- + iotāpagon + -io.)
Lo Dārie se pāsābari sytiotāpia lōtirī jorrāeloty, sepār dōre vala arlī īlōn belmurilza. — If we are steadfast in our love for the Queen and her faithful advisors, no man will ever lock us in chains again[11]
  • sytivīlībagon [sytiviːˈliːbagon]
v. Obl. appl. C-fin. to fight for →acc. ( < syt- + i- + vīlībagon "to fight".)
Yne sytivīlībilāt? Hae dāero valoti? — Will you fight for me? As free men?
  • sȳz [syːz] sȳrior
adj. II good, well-made
Kydȳptakson sȳz kesos. — It would be good to have been measured.[42]
Yn kesys tubis hen mirro tubiot sȳrpys issa. — But today is as good a day as any.[219]
Jaehossas sȳris sātās — Gods be good![79]

T

  • Taena [ˈtaɛ̯na]
prop. n. 1lun. Taena
Taena hen Mȳrot issa. — Taena is from Myr.
  • tāemītsos [ˈtaːɛ̯miːtsos]
n. 3sol. stick (diminutive of unattested root tāem- + -ītsos, presumably meaning something like branch.)
  • tala [ˈtala]
n. 1lun. daughter[220]
  • taoba [ˈtaɔ̯ba]
n. 1lun. boy
  • Targārien [taɾˈgaːɾi͡en]
prop. n. 4ter.[19] Targaryen a family name.
Nyke Daenerys Jelmāzmo hen Targārio Lentrot. — I am Daenerys Stormborn of the House Targaryen.
  • tatagon [taˈtagon]
perfect: tetan
v. C-fin. to finish.
  • tēgie [ˈteːgi͡e] -ior
adj. III curved
  • tēgigon [ˈteːgigon]
v. V-fin. intrans. to curve, be curved.
  • tēgir [ˈteːgir]
n. 5aq. curve
  • tegon [ˈtegon]
n. 3ter. ground. pauc. tegun land. coll.[221] tegor lands collectively.[222]
  • tegōñe [teˈgoːɳe] -or
adj. II terrestrial ( < tegon + -ōñe.)
  • tegun [ˈtegun]
n. 6col.3ter. land. coll. tegor lands collectively.[222] (relex. pauc. of tegon)
Sȳndror ilis luo tegunno Mordrot. — In the land of Mordor, where the shadows lie[78]
  • tēmagon [ˈteːmagon]
v. to prick, to poke
Rōvon dēmalion rōvi jenti tēmas. — A great throne pokes a great leader.
  • temby [ˈtemby]
n. 2lun. leaf.
  • tembyr [ˈtembyr]
n. 6col.2lun. book.[223] (col. of temby.)
  • tepagon [ˈtepagon]
perfect: teptan
v. C-fin. to give, used with a 1st or 2nd person subject or recipient (otherwise see irughagon.)
Kesȳ tubī jemot dāervi tepan. — Today I give you freedom.
  • tepilla [teˈpilla]
n. 1aq°. mercy (contains -illa, perhaps cf. tepagon) [224]
  • teptys [ˈteptys]
n. 2sol. teacher, instructor, mentor ( < tepagon + -tys.)
Issa, ñuhys teptys, zaldrīzesse Daeneromy ēdrusi. — Yes, my teacher, the dragons are sleeping with Daenerys.
  • Thoros [ˈθoɾos]
prop. n. 3sol(?) Thoros, a name.
  • tīkor [ˈtiːkor]
n. 6col.3sol. flock of birds[225] (col. of tīkos.)
  • tīkos [ˈtiːkos]
n. 3sol. feather[225]
  • tīkun [ˈtiːkun] (pauc. of tīkos.)
n. 6pauc.3sol. wing[225]
Tīkuni Zōbrī, Udra Zōbriar — Dark Wings, Dark Words
  • timpa [ˈtimpa] -ys, -on, -or
adj. I white; light; light-colored; grey (light); pink
Bonys timpys hontes gevie issa! — That white bird is beautiful!
  • tindon [ˈtindon]
n. 3ter. root
  • tista [ˈtista] -ys, -on, -or
adj. I dry (poss. a perf. part.)
  • tistālior [tiˈstaːli͡or]
n. 6col?.3ter? bank (prob. coll. of
Āegenkor Tistālior jāhor gūrotriri emilza. — The Iron Bank will have its due.[6]
  • tolī [ˈtoliː]
adv. above; after; beyond[66]
Timpys hontes tolī ūndan. — I saw a white bird overhead.
excessively, too, too much
Mittys iksā. Āeksia tolī kostōbi issi. — You’re a fool. The masters are too strong.
Ñuhor qȳbor kisalbār tolī iprattas. — My uncle ate too much at the banquet.
more[4]
Tolī rhūqo lōtinti, kostilus. — More pigeon pie, please.
  • tolie [ˈtoli͡e] -ior
adj. III other (perh. lit. higher, cf. tolī, toliot.)
Muñar aōt teptas lue brōzi, iā mirre tolie iderēbās. — Choose the name your parents gave you, or any other.
  • toliot [ˈtoli͡ot]
post.→gen. above, over; after[66]
  • tolmīhy [tolˈmiːhy]
n. 2sol. stranger, lit. the one who comes from afar ( Type I substantivised form of adjective *tolmīha < tolmio + -sīha)
  • tolmio [ˈtolmi͡o]
n. 3lun. far side, far wall[226]
  • tolmiot [ˈtolmi͡ot]
adv. far
post.→gen. across (loc. of tolmio, "far side." This is why it can be combined with hen.)
Olvie hen embraro tolmiot nykēlot avy ivestragon issa. — So much news I have to give you from over the seas.
  • tolvie [ˈtolvi͡e] -ior
adj. III every
Qilōni pilos lue vale tolvie ossēnātās. — Slay every man who holds a whip.
  • tolviot [ˈtolvi͡ot]
indef.pron. everywhere ( < tolvie.)
Dovaogēdi tolviot ilzi! — There are Unsullied everywhere!
  • tolvys [ˈtolvys]
indef.pron. 2sol. everyone ( < tolvie.)
Tolvys morghūlis. — Everyone must die.
  • tolvȳn [ˈtolvyːn]
indef.pron. 6pauc.2sol everything
Zokla tolvȳni iprattas! — A wolf ate everything!
  • tolys [ˈtolys]
indef.pron. 2sol. someone else ( < tolie.)
Kostilus, sēter tolot tepās. — Please give the spell to someone else.
Kirimvose daor. Toli jorrāelan. — No thank. I love someone else.
  • tōma [ˈtoːma] -ys, -on, -on
num. adj. I five
  • tōmo [ˈtoːmo]
n. 3lun. elderberry plant ( < tōma, referring to the five-petaled blossoms.)
  • tōmelie [ˈtoːmeli͡e] -ior
num. adj. III fifth
  • tōmēpsa [toːˈmeːpsa] indec.
num. fifty
  • tōmīblie [toːˈmiːbli͡e] -ior
num. adj. III fiftieth
  • tōmītsos [toːˈmiːtsos]
n. 3sol. elderberry ( < tōmo + -ītsos.)
  • trēsy [ˈtreːsy]
n. 2lun. son.[227]
Tȳni Trēsi — Second Sons
  • trūma [ˈtruːma]
adj. I deep
  • trūmirī [ˈtruːmiɾiː]
adv. deeply ( < trūma + .)
  • tubis [ˈtubis]
n. 5sol. day; kesȳ tubī, tubī[4] adv. today
Kesȳ tubī jemot dāervi tepan. — Today I give you freedom.
Tubī daor. — Not today.[4]
  • turgon [tuɾˈgon]
n. 3ter. worm.[228]
  • tymagon [tyˈmagon]
perfect: tymptan
v. C-fin. to play, to frolic
Riña tymptir raqiroso tymptas. — The girl played the game with a friend.
  • tymptir [ˈtymptir]
n. 5aq. game (substantivized perf. part. of tymagon.)
Tymptir Dēmalȳti — A Game of Thrones[36]
  • tȳne [ˈtyːne] -ior
num. adj. II second; secondary.
  • Tyros [ˈtyɾos]
prop. n. 3sol. Tyrosh
Tyros! Ñuhos arlies lentos! — Tyrosh! My new home!
  • tyvagon [tyˈvagon]
perfect: tȳdan
v. C-fin. to crawl, to creep
  • tyvaros [tyˈvaɾos]
n. 3sol. serpent, snake (subst. part. of tyvagon.)

U

  • ubles [ˈubles]
n. 4sol. eel
  • udekuragon [udekuˈɾagon]
v. Loc. appl. C-fin. to near, to approach, to step towards →dat. something ( < u- + dekuragon.)
Dārys dāriā sindiliot udekurzi. — The king and the queen are approaching the marketplace.
  • udir [ˈudir]
n. 5aq. word[229]
Tīkuni Zōbrī, Udra Zōbriar — Dark Wings, Dark Words
May also be used, just like English word, in the sense of news:
Se vasīr dorior udir Drogo bē? — And still no word of Drogon?[230]
  • udligon [uˈdligon]
perfect: udlitan
v. V-fin. to respond, to answer, to reply (poss. *ud- seen udir + -ligon.)
May be used intransitively:
Āeksiot zȳhon vaoreznon jepin, se ziksoso udlissis. — I ask the Lord for His favor, and He responds as He will.
or transitively:
Jeva jorepna ryptas se pōnte udlitas. — He has heard your prayers and answered them.
  • udrāzma [uˈdraːzma]
n. 1lun. command, order ( < udr- + -āzma.)
Udrāzmī jemot maghon daor. — I do not bring you commands.
  • udrimmi [uˈdrimmi]
adj. invar. witty, clever, quick-witted, always having the right word at the right moment (pauc. com. of udir.)
Bony udrimmi taoba issa! — That one is a clever boy!
  • udrir [ˈudrir]
n. 6col.5aq. speech, language (relex. coll. of udir.)
Dōrior dārion udrirzi mijessis. — There’s no country without a language.
Udrirzi Valyrio ȳdrā? — Do you speak Valyrian?[64]
  • uēmagon [ˈu͡eːmagon]
v. C-fin. to vomit (could possibly be a Loc. appl. from u-, but if so the base verb is not yet attested. The long ē makes emagon highly unlikely.)
  • uēpa [ˈu͡eːpa]
adj. I old
Nyke Daenerys Jelmāzmo hen Targārio Lentrot, hen Valyrio Uēpo ānogār iksan. — I am Daenerys Stormborn of the House Targaryen, of the blood of Old Valyria.
  • uēs [ˈu͡eːs] uēh-
n. 3sol. squid
' — Sȳz uēs issa.
  • ūja [ˈuːɟa]
pers.pron. it, (he, she) (terrestrial, aquatic).
  • ūlio [ˈuːli͡o]
n. 3lun. falcon
Spare ūlio gevie issa? — Which falcon is beautiful?.
  • umāzigon [uˈmaːzigon]
perfect: umastan
v. Loc. appl. V-fin. to come to, to arrive at
Ñuho kisalbrot umāzīt? — Are you coming to my banquet?
  • umbagon [ˈumbagon]
perfect: umptan[85]
v. C-fin. to stay, to wait, to remain[231]
  • ūñagon [uːˈɳagon]
perfect: ūntan
v. C-fin. to count
  • ūndegon [ˈuːndegon]
perfect: ūndetan
v. V-fin. to see, to catch sight of, to sight; when used intransitively to look[179] , metaphorically to be x years old (eventative of urnegon.)
Olvī voktī Rulloro Qelbriā ūndessun daor. — I don’t see many priestesses of R’hllor in the Riverlands.
Ābre kustittas lue vale ūndetan. — I saw the man who encouraged the woman.
Tyrio kepa tōme tōmēpsā jēdari ūndas. — Tyrion's father is fifty-five years old.
  • unektogon [uˈnektogon]
v. Loc. appl. V-fin. to cut out, to cut off ( < u- + nektogon.)
  • urnēbagon [uɾˈneːbagon]
v. C-fin. to watch. ( < urnegon + -ēbagon.)
Mastas. Valar urnēbis. — It has come. All men must watch.[232]
  • urnēbion [uɾˈneːbi͡on]
n. 3ter. watch.
Sesīr Urnēbion Zȳhon Keliton Issa. — And Now His Watch Is Ended.
  • urnegon [ˈuɾnegon]
perfect: ūndan
v. V-fin. to see.
  • usōvegon [uˈsoːvegon]
v. Loc. appl. V-fin. to apologize ( < {u- + sōvegon.)

V

  • va [va]
prep.→loc. towards, at, near; →dat. to, all the way up to.
Va oktio remȳti vale jikās. — Send a man to the city gates.
  • vāedagon [ˈvaːɛ̯dagon]
perfect: vāettan[85]
v. C-fin. to sing
  • vāedar [ˈvaːɛ̯dar]
n. 1aq. song
Ziry kivio dārilaros issa, se zȳhon suvio perzō vāedar issa. — He is the prince that was promised, and his is the song of ice and fire.[32]
  • vala [ˈvala]
n. 1lun. man. Valar morghūlis All men must die, a common greeting. Valar dohaeris All men must serve, the response to valar morghūlis
Henujagon jaelza lua vala mirre henujagon kostas. — Any man who wishes to leave may leave.
  • valenka [vaˈleŋka]
adj. I male.(contains -enka.)[233]
  • valonqar [vaˈloɴqar]
n. 1aq. younger brother[234]; younger male cousin by father's brother or mother's sister[46].
  • Valyre [vaˈlyɾe]
adj. II. Valyrian.
Iōnos Valyre korzī ēza. — Jon has a Valyrian sword.
  • Valyria [vaˈlyɾi͡a]
prop. n. 1lun. Valyria; the Valyrian language.
Zȳha Valyria qupēgrie issa. — His Valyrian is terrible[10]
Valyrio, Valyrio udrir the Valyrian language.
Valyrio muño ēngos ñuhys issa. — Valyrian is my mother tongue.
  • Valyrīha [valyˈɾiːha]
adj. I. Valyrian. ( < Valyria + -sīha.)
  • Valyrīhy [valyˈɾiːhy]
n. 2lun. Valyrian, i.e. a Valyrian person, or a person from the Valyrian peninsula. (Substantivized form of Valyrīha.)
  • Valyry [vaˈlyɾy]
n. 2lun. Valyria, a Valyrian person.
  • valzȳrys [valˈzyːɾys]
n. 2sol. husband ( < vala + -zȳrys.)
Nykēlo syt ūndon daor luo valzȳro ñōghossi ōressiks. — I find myself held by the arms of a husband I never expected to have.
  • vamiot [ˈvami͡ot]
adv. near (possibly the locative of an unknown noun, containing va-)
Vamiot raqiros eman. — I have a friend nearby.
  • vandis [ˈvandis]
n. 5sol. bull, male head of cattle
  • vaodekuragon [vaɔ̯dekuˈɾagon]
v. Loc. appl. C-fin. to near, to approach, to step towards →dat./gen. something ( < va- + udekuragon.)
  • vaogemagon [vaɔ̯geˈmagon]
perfect: vaogēdan
v. C-fin. (irreg.) to sully, to defile ( < *vaog- seen in vaogenka + -emagon.)
Hae jeme istin. Sindity se liorty, qilonty se ozbārty, qrillaetty se vaogēdy. — I was once as you are now. Bought and sold, scourged and branded, raped and defiled.
  • vaogenka [vaɔ̯ˈgeŋka] -ys, -on, -or
adj. I dirty ( < vaog-, as in dovaogedy, + -enka.)
  • vaokses [ˈvaɔ̯kses]
n. 4sol. spider. [235] (perh. related to vaogenka?)
  • vaoresagon [ˈvaɔ̯ɾesagon]
v. Loc. appl. C-fin. to prefer, to favor →gen/dat. ( < va- + u- + resagon)
Valo luo vaoresan. — I prefer one which is a man‘s.
  • vaoreznon [vaɔ̯ˈɾeznon]
n. 3ter. favor ( < vaoresagon + -non.)
Āeksiot zȳhon vaoreznon jepin, se ziksoso udlissis. — I ask the Lord for His favor, and He responds as He will.
  • Vargo [vaɾgo]
prop. n. 3aq. Vargo
Vargo hen Qorhot issa. — Vargo is from Qohor.
  • vasīr [ˈvasiːr]
adv. still, as yet, so far ( < va + sīr.)
Se vasīr Drogon ūndetoks daor? — And as yet Drogon hasn’t been sighted?[230]
  • vasrie [ˈvasri͡e], vajie ['vad͡ʒi͡e] -ior
adj. III thin
  • vēdros ['veːdros]
n. 3sol. anger
Vēdroso, vīlīpti. — In anger, we fought.
  • vējes [ˈveːɟes]
n. 4sol. fate, doom, including The Doom of Valyria[236](perh. akin to vēzos.)
Lodaor hēnkos vējose hae Astaprot Yunkai botilza. — Otherwise, Yunkai will suffer the same fate as Astapor.
in the inst. vējose! intj. "By fate!"[237]
  • vējōñe [veːˈd͡ʒoːɳe] -or
adj. III. southern ( < vēzor + -ōñe.)[93]
  • velkrys [ˈvelkrys]
n. 2sol. stag, male deer.[29]
  • velma [ˈvelma]
n. 1lun. father's older sister, paternal aunt older than father[46].
Dārys īlve velme majaqsa. — The king admires our aunt.
  • velmanna [velˈmanna]
n. 1lun. father's older sister's child, cousin by paternal aunt older than father[46].
Riña ñuhī velmannī izūgas. — The girl fears my cousins.
  • verdagon [ˈveɾdagon]
perfect: vēttan
v. C-fin. to arrange; to make (a decision) (cf. verdon.)
Lo jention mirre nūmāzme ēza, iderenna qopsa verdagon issa. — If leadership is about anything, it’s about making hard choices.
  • verdligon [ˈveɾdligon]
perfect: verdlitan
v. V-fin. to remake, recreate ( < verdagon + -ligon.)
Vȳs verdlios perzomy siglitaks! Dāria Zaldrīzoti! — From the fire she was reborn to remake the world! The Dragon Queen!
  • verdon [ˈveɾdon]
n. 3ter. sum, figure, amount, number (cf. verdagon.)
Keson verdon harrenkon iksos daor. — This amount is not appropriate.
  • Vesteros [ˈvesteɾos]
prop. n. 3sol. Westeros
Dāria Sikudo Dārȳti Vestero — the Queen of the Seven Kingdoms of Westeros
  • vestragon [ˈvestragon]
perfect: vestretan
v. C-fin. to say
Skoros morghot vestri? — What do we say to death?[238]
with impersonal subject it seems →dat. to[239]
  • vestretir [ˈvestretir]
n. 5aq. saying, statement[240], proclamation, pronouncement (substantivized perfect participle of vestragon, lit. that which has been said.)
  • vestriarzir [vesˈtri͡aɾzir]
n. 5aq.[241] story, tale, narrative, history (substantivized aorist passive participle of vestragon, lit. that which is (ever/habituatlly/generally) told.)
Vestriarja īlōn sōvemagon kostis. — Stories can make us fly.[214]
  • vēttir [ˈveːttir]
n. 5aq. a law (referring to a specific one), regulation[242] (substantivized perfect participle of verdagon, lit. what has been arranged.)
col. vēttrir the law in general.
Vēttrir vēttrir issa. — The law is the law.[243]
  • vēzor [ˈveːzor] vēj-
n. 3aq. south ( < vēzos.)[93]
  • vēzos [ˈveːzos]
n. 3sol. sun
Vēzos qēlossās ñuho. — My sun and stars.[64]
  • vēzenka [veːˈzeŋka]
adj. I solar ( < vēzos + -enka.)
vēzenkon qogror. — “solar class”.[74]
  • vīlībagon [viːˈliːbagon]
perfect: vīlīptan
v. C-fin. to fight
Tolvi zijo syt vilībari morghūljosy li henkiri sigliliks. — All those who die fighting for her shall be reborn in kind.
  • vīlībāzma [viːliːˈbaːzma]
n. 1lun. war, battle ( < vīlībagon + -āzma.); instr. vīlībāzmosa by combat (concerning a trial)
Vīlībāzma ajomemēbza, yn aderī, mōrī, aōt māzīli se hēnkirī īlvi biarvī manaerili. — The war rages on, but soon, when it is all over, we shall come to you and celebrate together.
  • Viserion [viˈseɾi͡on]
prop. n. 3ter. Viserion
  • Viserys [viˈseɾys]
prop. n. 2sol. Viserys
Viserys Daenero lēkia issa. — Viserys is Daenerys's brother.
  • vokemagon [vokeˈmagon]
v. C-fin. (irreg.) to purify (From a root *vok- pure, also seen in voktys, + -emagon.)
Pyryrzy napasirossa vokemilzi, va daorunta ñelli qringaomnā pōjo zālari. — They will purify nonbelievers by the thousands, burning their sins and flesh away.
  • voktys [ˈvoktys]
n. 2sol. priest, priestess. (From a root *vok- pure, also seen in vokemagon, + -tys.)
Voktys Eglie aōt gaomilaksir teptas. — The High Priest gave you a mission.
  • Volantīha [volanˈtiːha]
adj. I. Volantene. ( < Volantis + -sīha.)
Jehikarȳ Kinvaro iōrat, Eglio Vokto hen Rijībliot Volantīhot, Drīvo Perzo, Sylvio Ōño, Dohaeriro Ēlio Āeksio Oño syt. — You stand in the presence of Kinvara, High Priestess of the Red Temple of Volantis, the Flame of Truth, the Light of Wisdom, the First Servant of the Lord of Light.[45]
  • Volantis [voˈlantis]
prop. n. 5sol. Volantis
Sȳrior averilla Volantī ilza. — There is good wine in Volantis.
  • vōljes [ˈvoːʎes]
n. 4sol. raven
Vōljesse ēdrusi. — The ravens are sleeping.
  • vollie [ˈvolli͡e] -ior
num. adj. III ninth.
  • vōre [ˈvoːɾe] -ior
num. adj. II nine.
  • vōrēpsa [voːˈɾeːpsa] indec.
num. ninety.
  • vōrīblie [voːˈɾiːbli͡e] -ior
num. adj. III ninetieth.
  • vūjigon [ˈvuːɟigon]
perfect: vūjitan
v. V-fin. to kiss
Perzo Vūjita — Kissed by Fire
Vala abre vūjitas. Vale abra vūjitas. — The man kissed the woman. The woman kissed the man.[64]
  • vumbiarzy [vumˈbiarzy]
n. 2lun. room (possibly the substantivized passive aorist participle of u- + umbagon, lit. "that which one usually stays in")
Drīvose ñuhā vumbiarzȳ ēdrun. — Actually, I am sleeping in my room.
  • vȳs [vyːs] vȳh-
n. 3sol world, planet
Vȳs verdlios perzomy siglitaks! Dāria Zaldrīzoti! — From the fire she was reborn to remake the world! The Dragon Queen!

Y

  • ybon [ˈybon]
n. 3ter. knee
  • ȳdragon [ˈyːdragon]
perfect: ȳdratan
v. Obl. appl. V-fin. to speak, to speak to →acc. ( < i- + udir.)
Brandon vōlī ȳdragon kostas. — Bran can speak to ravens.
of languages, →inst.
Quptenkos Ēngoso ȳdrassis? — Do you speak the Common tongue?
Udrirzi Valyrio ȳdrā? — Do you speak Valyrian?[64]
  • ȳgha [ˈyːɣa]
adj. I safe
Ȳghāpī īlōn rāelza — He holds us safe
perzo bē ȳgha fireproof (lit. safe on fire)
  • ykynagon [ykyˈnagon]
v. V-fin. to smell
Sȳrior havon ykynan. — I smell good bread.
  • yn [yn]
conj. but.
qilōni pilos lue vale tolvie ossēnātās, yn riñe dōre ōdrikātās. — slay every man who holds a whip, but harm no child.
  • yne, ynot etc., see nyke.
  • ȳrda [ˈyːɾda] -ys, -on, -or
adj. I narrow
  • yrgos [ˈyɾgos]
n. 3sol. neck
Sparo gevie yrgos kony issa? — Whose beautiful neck is that?
  • ȳs [yːs] yv-
n. 3sol. art

Z

  • zāeres [ˈzaːɛ̯ɾes]
n. 4ter°. crystal a specific one (cf. zāeron.)
  • zāeron [ˈzaːɛ̯ɾon]
n. 3ter. crystal the substance (cf. zāeres.)
  • zāeror [ˈzaːɛ̯ɾor]
n. 6col.3ter. crystal formation, crystal (collective of zāeron.)
  • zālagon [ˈzaːlagon]
perfect: zaltan?
v. C-fin. to burn. va daorunta zālagon to burn away, to burn to nothing
Pyryrzy napasirossa vokemilzi, va daorunta ñelli qringaomnā pōjo zālari. — They will purify nonbelievers by the thousands, burning their sins and flesh away.
  • zālarys [ˈzaːlarys]
n. 2sol. burn, burn mark, evidence of burning ( < zālagon + -rys)
  • zaldrīzerme [zaldriːˈzeɾme]
adj. invar. all-powerful, indestructible, invincible (idiomatic use of the comitative of zaldrīzer, lit. "with all the dragons".)
Taoba zaldrīzerme jenti majaqsa. — The boy admires the indestructible leader.
  • Zaldrīzdōron [zaldriːzˈdoːɾon]
prop. n. 3ter. Dragonstone. ( < shortening from Zaldrīzo dōron)[244]
  • zaldrīzes [zalˈdriːzes]
n. 4sol. dragon. ( < zālagon + rīza.)
Zaldrīzes buzdari iksos daor. — A dragon is not a slave.
zaldrīzo ānogar — Blood of the dragon[245]
  • zān [zaːn]
adv. yesterday
Zān hen Lyvot ābre ūndan. — Yesterday I saw a woman from Lys.
  • zēa [ˈzeːa]
n. 1lun. jade ( < Asshai'i [ðʰeːa] "jewel"[246])
  • zenturlion [zentuɾli͡on]
n. 3ter. inn, hotel (possibly from zentys + -uragon + -lion, cf. laehurlion)
Dāria arlȳro zenturliot ēdrus. — The queen is sleeping at a new hotel.
  • zentys [ˈzentys]
n. 2sol. guest
Bisi vali īlvyz zentyssy issi. — These men are our guests.
  • Zēo Embar [ˈzeːo ˌembar]
n. 1aq. the Jade Sea (cf. zēa)
  • zgeltigon [ˈzgeltigon]
v. Insv. V-fin. to cover, to cover up of things ( < z- + geltigon)
  • zgiēñemagon [zgi͡eːɲeˈmagon]
v. Insv. C-fin. (irreg.) to cure, to treat, to heal of things e.g. a drug or procedure ( < z- + giēñemagon)
  • zgiēñemvos [zgi͡eːˈɲemvos]
n. 3sol. cure, medicine, treatment ( < zgiēñemagon + -vos)
  • ziksanna [ziˈksanna]
n. 1lun. hat ( < ziksos + -anna.)
  • ziksos [ˈziksos]
n. 3sol. neck, scalp (the part of the body extending from the back of the head and covering the back of the ears and the back of the neck, down to where the spine begins.)
  • ziksoso [ziˈksoso]
adv. as one will, as one likes, as one wishes, in the way one will, in one's way where one can be replaced by you, he, she, it, they; as accustomed, as expected (inst. of ziksos.)
Āeksiot zȳhon vaoreznon jepin, se ziksoso udlissis. — I ask the Lord for His favor, and He responds as He will.
  • zīragon [ˈziːɾagon]
perfect: zīrtan
v. C-fin. to freeze;
  • zīrtys perzys[169] frozen fire, dragonglass, obsidian
  • ziry [ˈziɾy]
pers.pron. he, she, (it) (solar & lunar).
  • zirȳla [ziˈɾyːla]
refl. 1lun. himself, herself, itself
  • zōbrie [ˈzoːbri͡e], -ior
adj. III dark; black; dark-colored; grey (dark); purple
Tīkuni Zōbrī, Udra Zōbriar — Dark Wings, Dark Words
  • zokla [ˈzokla]
n. 1lun. wolf
Zokla kēlio kostōbirī angotas. — The wolf bit mightily into the lion.
  • zoklākogon [zoˈklaːkogon]
v. V-fin. to entice, to entreat →loc. somebody ( < zokla + -ākogon.)
Iōnot zoklākō? — Are you enticing Jon?
  • zoklītsos [zoˈkliːtsos]
n. 3sol. little wolf ( < zokla + -ītsos.)
  • zūgagon [ˈzuːgagon]
perfect: zūgdan
v. C-fin. to be afraid, to fear →dat.
Morghot nēdyssy sesīr zūgusy azantys vestras. — The knight says that even the brave men fear death.
  • zūger [ˈzuːger]
n. perh. 4sol. or 6col. fear[63]
Sȳndroso lykāpa, myrdomy aderpa, iēdrosa gīdāpa. Zūger korzose trūmȳtrī nektossis. — Quiet as a shadow, swift as a deer, calm as still water. Fear cuts deeper than swords.
  • zȳha [ˈzyːha] -ys, -on, -or
poss. adj. I his, her, its.
  • zȳhon [ˈzyːhon]
poss.pron. 3ter. his, hers, its.
Zȳhon suvio perzō vāedar issa. — His is the song of ice and fire.[32]

Abbreviations

adj. adjective
adv. adverb
aq. or aquatic
conj. conjunction
dem. demonstrative
eq. equative
exp. expression
intj. interjection
lun. or lunar
n. noun
num. numeral
perh. perhaps
postp. postposition
pron. pronoun
prep. preposition
relex. relexified
sol. or solar
subst. substantive, substantivized
ter. or terrestrial
v. verb
C-fin. consonant-final
V-fin. vowel-final
→acc. triggers accusative
→gen. triggers genitive
→dat. triggers dative
→inst. triggers instrumental
→loc. triggers locative
° unexpected gender

Further Information

For information on conjugation, declension, etc. see the pages below.

High Valyrian Verb Conjugation

High Valyrian Verb Tables

High Valyrian Noun Declensions

High Valyrian Adjectives

High Valyrian Pronouns

For words listed according to subject matter, see

Non-Canonical Content

For a list of words devised by learners, see High Valyrian Non-Canonical Vocabulary

Notes

  1. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/52258261806/thank-you-for-the-castithian-my-friend-and-i-just
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/338005118010130432, https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/347619785397370880
  3. https://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/174603720876/suppose-i-were-discussing-a-d%C4%81rilaros-a-voktys
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 http://www.makinggameofthrones.com/production-diary/2014/5/8/high-valyrian-101-learn-and-pronounce-common-phrases
  5. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/92768950255/hello-i-was-just-wondering-if-like-in-a-previous-post
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 http://www.dothraki.com/2014/06/rinar/#comment-38103
  7. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/92768950255/hello-i-was-just-wondering-if-like-in-a-previous-post
  8. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/474704833518116864
  9. 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 9.11 9.12 9.13 9.14 9.15 https://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/163414677489/valyrian-dialogue-episode-702-of-game-of-thrones
  10. 10.00 10.01 10.02 10.03 10.04 10.05 10.06 10.07 10.08 10.09 10.10 10.11 10.12 10.13 10.14 10.15 10.16 10.17 10.18 10.19 10.20 10.21 10.22 10.23 10.24 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/143383597638/valyrian-and-dothraki-dialogue-episode-601-of
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/145864394290/valyrian-dialogue-episode-608-of-game-of-thrones, vowel quantities reconstructed.
  12. Form reconstructed from perfect angotas. May be incorrect.
  13. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/92671165154/hi-mr-peterson-i-admire-what-you-did-for-game-of
  14. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/118300113747/hi-i-was-wondering-how-you-would-say-blood-of
  15. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/145212291778/hi-my-name-is-jadie-i-was-wondering-if-you-could
  16. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/88694557124/love-your-work-in-game-of-thrones-i-was-wondering-if#comment-1434792964
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/119626846322/ive-been-looking-around-the-hv-wiki-pages-and-the
  18. http://www.dothraki.com/2013/05/gryves-se-rina-litse/#comment-2143
  19. 19.00 19.01 19.02 19.03 19.04 19.05 19.06 19.07 19.08 19.09 19.10 19.11 Gender confirmed
  20. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/451498834666221568
  21. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/451761993121161216
  22. http://www.dothraki.com/2015/01/asshekhqoyi-anni-save-save-save/#comment-85570
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 23.3 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/69709127260/hi-huge-fan-of-your-work-on-thrones-really-brougt-the
  24. Lexical form, gender, gloss: https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/348732679384076288; etymology: https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/348858959114948609
  25. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/438934775563157505
  26. 26.0 26.1 http://www.dothraki.com/2014/02/relative-clauses-in-high-valyrian/#comment-7846
  27. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/78803739713/hi-david-a-friend-of-mine-wants-to-get-all-men-must
  28. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/ask#comment-1674963176
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 http://www.dothraki.com/2014/02/relative-clauses-in-high-valyrian/#comment-7851
  30. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/335166657926410240
  31. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/509053010991788032
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 32.4 http://www.dothraki.com/2013/07/vaes-dothrak-vimithreri/#comment-5004
  33. 33.0 33.1 33.2 http://www.dothraki.com/2015/02/we-have-a-new-winner/
  34. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/94646713173/how-do-you-say-to-rain-in-hv-is-it-daomio-ropagon
  35. Peterson, David (2015). The Art of Language Invention : from Horse-Lords to Dark Elves, the words behind world-building. New York, New York: Penguin Books. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-14-312646-1. , revealed before release at https://twitter.com/GretchenAMcC/status/635850295130595328?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw
  36. 36.0 36.1 http://www.whosay.com/articles/1559-how-do-you-say-game-of-thrones-in-high-valyrian
  37. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/424640427719786497
  38. 38.0 38.1 http://www.dothraki.com/2014/06/rinar/#comment-46878
  39. 39.0 39.1 39.2 39.3 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/130164397557/i-saw-your-high-valyrian-translation-of-reform
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2015/09/how-would-donald-trump-sound-dothraki
  41. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/93606199925/whats-all-women-must-die-in-high-valyrian-wink
  42. 42.0 42.1 42.2 42.3 42.4 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/91382440334/is-there-such-a-thing-as-a-passive-infinitive-in-high#permalink-notes
  43. 43.0 43.1 http://www.dothraki.com/2015/01/asshekhqoyi-anni-save-save-save/#comment-84258
  44. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/144113158257/hi-mr-peterson-thanks-for-translating-but-we
  45. 45.0 45.1 45.2 45.3 45.4 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/144812959909/valyrian-dialogue-episode-605-of-game-of-thrones
  46. 46.00 46.01 46.02 46.03 46.04 46.05 46.06 46.07 46.08 46.09 46.10 46.11 46.12 46.13 46.14 46.15 https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/809562861118754816
  47. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/91682702722/valar-morghulis-i-need-some-help-in-translating-a
  48. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/91661010691/hi-mr-peterson-i-have-a-friend-who-wants-to-know-how
  49. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/119452523036/any-chance-youre-allowed-to-provide-a-transcript
  50. https://www.facebook.com/eleni.mandell.1/posts/10153866837815220
  51. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/452973907188793344
  52. The word for “sea” in High Valyrian is embar (or, more figurately, embrar) —DJP
  53. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/94386491674/how-do-you-say-otter-in-high-valyrian
  54. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/95122949762/hi-i-am-a-really-big-fan-of-your-work-especially-with
  55. 55.0 55.1 55.2 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/95122949762/hi-i-am-a-really-big-fan-of-your-work-especially
  56. 56.0 56.1 56.2 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/121691127784/hey-i-recently-got-a-pet-snake-and-wanted-a-name
  57. 57.0 57.1 https://www.goodreads.com/author/show/508612.David_J_Peterson (Not clear if mirros should be translated "something," or "anything," but the former seems more appropriate for a Type 1 substantive.
  58. http://www.dothraki.com/2015/01/asshekhqoyi-anni-save-save-save/#comment-85299
  59. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/53805143580/hi-david-im-a-huge-fan-of-your-work-d-i-have-a
  60. Meaning is approximately "may your path be straight."
  61. http://www.dothraki.com/2015/01/asshekhqoyi-anni-save-save-save/#comment-85573
  62. 62.0 62.1 http://www.dothraki.com/2015/01/asshekhqoyi-anni-save-save-save/
  63. 63.0 63.1 63.2 63.3 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/134348169425/hi-there-im-sprekenze-dick-from-the-question
  64. 64.00 64.01 64.02 64.03 64.04 64.05 64.06 64.07 64.08 64.09 64.10 64.11 64.12 64.13 64.14 Peterson, David (2015). The Art of Language Invention : from Horse-Lords to Dark Elves, the words behind world-building. New York, New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-14-312646-1. 
  65. 65.0 65.1 65.2 65.3 65.4 65.5 65.6 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/143745488442/high-valyrian-dialogue-episode-602-of-game-of#comment-2658413687
  66. 66.0 66.1 66.2 http://www.dothraki.com/2014/01/elat-kathivezhofari/
  67. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/576521593104543744 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/113644671562/could-you-tell-us-wheel-so-that-we-can-do-im
  68. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/146907290806/how-would-i-say-all-men-must-learn-in-high
  69. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/889350967266648064
  70. http://www.dothraki.com/2013/04/sesir-urnebion-zȳhon-keliton-issa/#comment-1265, http://www.vulture.com/2013/04/game-of-thrones-dothraki-language-inventor.html
  71. 71.0 71.1 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S09FAz70qKg&feature=youtu.be&t=18
  72. 72.0 72.1 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/96486949844/i-was-just-recommended-your-blog-and-wow
  73. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/91890097707/i-want-her-collar-to-have-inscribed-in-it-in-high
  74. 74.0 74.1 74.2 The names for the solar and lunar genders were long thought to be vēzenkor qogror and hūrenkor qogror, due to this comment, but DJP has since clarified that that was in error, and that qogror is indeed terrestrial, precisely as one would expect. As this error has persisted uncorrected for two years, it has already been propagated to any discussions of HV on the internet. If you are in a position to do so, please correct any references you may find to ˣvēzenkor qogror or ˣhūrenkor qogror to vēzenkon and hūrenkon respectively.
  75. 75.0 75.1 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/97662740892/hey-hey-hi-i-was-wondering-if-you-could-tell-me
  76. http://www.dothraki.com/2011/09/the-header-script/#comment-93965
  77. 77.0 77.1 Generally, when it comes to "being" in a certain place, ilagon must be used. In some contexts sagon may also be used, but the rule is not yet clear. We know that "Who is at the Inn at the Crossroads?" must be Sparos Īliliot Zenturliot ilza? ( ˣissa is not permitted here), but "Where are my dragons?" may be either Skoriot Skoriot ñuhyz zaldrīzesse issi? or Skoriot Skoriot ñuhyz zaldrīzesse ilzi?
  78. 78.0 78.1 78.2 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/121116158163/can-you-translate-in-the-land-of-mordor-where
  79. 79.0 79.1 79.2 http://geekyconblr.tumblr.com/post/116039992144/this-might-be-the-coolest-special-guest
  80. 80.0 80.1 80.2 80.3 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/121683073283/were-the-pit-fighters-saying-a-high-valyrian
  81. https://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/178052221270/i-cant-remember-if-ive-done-this-before
  82. 82.0 82.1 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/88003383998/hmm-would-it-be-too-much-to-ask-what-let-it-go-or
  83. DJP is somewhat uneasy with this form, though he concedes it is valid:
    "As for sr > j, yes, you could list those as in free variation, though for myself, I’d be hesitant to do ioje. I like iosre better. But that doesn’t mean ioje isn’t acceptable by any means."
    —Email 3-29-15
  84. https://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/178985951281/how-would-autumn-is-here-be-in-high-valyrian
  85. 85.0 85.1 85.2 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/107545400399/what-are-the-perfect-stems-of-umbagon-vaedagon
  86. DJP originally said this was not the applicative i-, or at least not so analyzed in Classical High Valyrian: https://www.facebook.com/Dedalvs/posts/10152824337550207?comment_id=40431635&offset=0&total_comments=7. However, in later conversation he revealed that it actually is an applicatve in origin.
  87. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/337310280780496896 et seq.
  88. 88.0 88.1 88.2 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/53797550110/does-hv-have-words-for-seasons-also-in-the-word
  89. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/474603184929783809
  90. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/352348019221471233
  91. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/130206304747/hi-david-i-was-wondering-is-there-a-word-for
  92. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/84737612397/hi-ever-since-i-was-a-kid-i-wondered-if-it-was
  93. 93.0 93.1 93.2 93.3 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/139864549891/do-you-have-a-word-for-north-and-south-in-high
  94. 94.0 94.1 94.2 https://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/163539415911/ive-been-trying-to-find-how-to-write-the-north
  95. https://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/163644629008/hey-david-i-was-wondering-what-is-the-valyrian
  96. 96.0 96.1 http://www.dothraki.com/2013/05/gryves-se-rina-litse/#comment-2096
  97. 97.0 97.1 97.2 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/107610313810/jolloragon-is-to-study-so-what-does-loragon
  98. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/107328192595/hi-david-lori-from-vegas-id-love-to-tattoo
  99. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/143383597638/valyrian-and-dothraki-dialogue-episode-601-of#comment-2644399467
  100. http://www.dothraki.com/2015/01/asshekhqoyi-anni-save-save-save/#comment-83146
  101. https://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/178052221270/i-cant-remember-if-ive-done-this-before
  102. 102.0 102.1 http://www.dothraki.com/2015/01/asshekhqoyi-anni-save-save-save/#comment-85092
  103. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/373713198580371456
  104. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/120048022336/hi-in-hv-keli-is-word-for-cat-and-itsos-is
  105. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/145312330018/how-would-you-say-happy-fathers-day-in-either
  106. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/92757921503/hey-dave-big-fan-of-your-got-works-and-from-what
  107. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/465550610108923904
  108. http://www.reddit.com/r/IAmA/comments/1chmc4/eseneziri_im_david_peterson_the_creator_of_the/c9glye7
  109. http://www.dothraki.com/2014/01/the-treasure-of-the-wastes/#comment-7464
  110. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/92671165154/hi-mr-peterson-i-admire-what-you-did-for-game-of
  111. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/126022622650/in-a-dance-with-dragons-the-tattered-prince-says
  112. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/89727687332/you-have-such-a-fantastic-blog-perfect-dose-of
  113. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/146715030979/would-a-feast-for-crows-be-l%C4%81roti-syt
  114. http://aquestforquintessence.tumblr.com/post/121356065817
  115. 115.0 115.1 http://www.whosay.com/articles/1568-how-do-you-say-steel-steal-in-high-valyrian
  116. 116.0 116.1 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/88325977566/hello-im-getting-a-tattoo-pretty-soon-with-the-text
  117. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/147010602198/is-ky-vanon-plan-strategy-related-to-cyvasse
  118. 118.0 118.1 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/121289233637/how-you-say-faceless-men-in-valyrian
  119. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/121414275532/lara
  120. http://www.dothraki.com/2013/06/some-more-high-valyrian-inflection/#comment-2161
  121. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/588610106226384896
  122. https://twitter.com/GretchenAMcC/status/635845315715796993
  123. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/52129761918/saw-this-in-a-reddit-comment-section-and-htought-it
  124. https://youtu.be/8vARzbGWV5E
  125. http://www.dothraki.com/2014/01/asshekhqoyi-anni-save-save/#comment-7298
  126. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/146620227802/hi-quick-question-how-do-you-say-peace-in-high
  127. DJP discusses origin at http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/120754560057/ajellyinthemix-replied-to-your-post-you
  128. "...You call me maegi as if it were a curse, but all it means is wise...."

    Martin, George R.R. (1996). A Game of Thrones. Bantam Dell. p. 667. ISBN 978-0-553-38679-0. 
  129. 129.0 129.1 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/78803739713/hi-david-a-friend-of-mine-wants-to-get-all-men-must
  130. twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/489225828203384833
  131. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/94582504901/how-do-you-say-bat-in-hv
  132. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/95122949762/hi-i-am-a-really-big-fan-of-your-work-especially-with
  133. https://youtu.be/l_0O_lxD0C0?t=288
  134. http://www.dothraki.com/2014/06/rinar/#comment-46875
  135. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/114140801248/hey-i-am-getting-a-tattoo-soon-and-ai-would-like
  136. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/93815665904/i-took-a-look-at-the-high-valyrian-orthography-and
  137. "I suppose it really depends on how the speaker is feeling. You could certainly drop it straight into the lunar declension I paradigm (same as vala). You could also just strip the final -a in everything but the nominative singular and put it into the paradigm for borrowings. It’s a foreign word, so you never know." —DJP
  138. This sentence is unusual in that it was composed by Iustinus rather than DJP. However, DJP did correct this sentence, and confirm that the use of mirros in this sense was valid. As it is our only example (so far) of that usage, it seemed valid to cite it here.
  139. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/126038417371/hiya-could-you-translate-something-into-valyrian
  140. 140.0 140.1 https://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/158828229020/hi-david-would-some-are-born-to-endless-night
  141. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/92747480573/hi-could-you-translate-my-name-to-high-valyrian-it-is#_=_
  142. http://tmblr.co/ZCfvzu1Ti9KAA
  143. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/122447211945/how-do-you-say-jon-snow-isnt-dead-in-valyrian
  144. 144.0 144.1 144.2 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/51979081366/i-must-say-i-love-your-work-is-there-a-translation
  145. https://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/158828229020/hi-david-would-some-are-born-to-endless-night
  146. 146.0 146.1 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/109247050112/how-to-say-love-is-weakness-in-high-valyrian
  147. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/54359640759/seeing-your-name-ask-just-a-few-ago-makes-me-curious
  148. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/95122949762/hi-i-am-a-really-big-fan-of-your-work-especially-with
  149. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/103850253334/how-do-you-say-east-in-hv-it-begins-with-naqo
  150. http://www.dothraki.com/2016/02/silent-crows/#comment-122984
  151. https://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/178703016578/hv-in-the-dothraki-wiki-both-%C5%8Dz-and-%C3%B1%C4%81qes-are
  152. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/400882778138349568
  153. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/491113189849853953
  154. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/349242524906438656
  155. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/82008642642/hey-im-a-huge-fan-of-the-work-you-do-on-game-of
  156. 156.0 156.1 http://www.dothraki.com/2015/01/asshekhqoyi-anni-save-save-save/#comment-85745
  157. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/69709127260/hi-huge-fan-of-your-work-on-thrones-really-brougt-the#disqus_thread
  158. http://www.dothraki.com/2015/02/we-have-a-new-winner/#comment-85806
  159. Christian Thalmann: Hmmm, could sȳngagon "to scare" be primordially related to zūgagon "to fear", like ȳdragon "to speak" and udir "word" might be?
    David J. Peterson: I suppose it could, but in this case it is not: it's primordially related to something else.
  160. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/94656655691/hi-i-absolutely-love-the-languages-you-created-for
  161. DJP does not think he created this similarity intentionally, but you never know.
  162. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/607413757350809600
  163. http://www.dothraki.com/2015/01/asshekhqoyi-anni-save-save-save/#comment-85525
  164. http://www.unstuckbooks.org/1/post/2014/01/the-language-experiment-an-interview-with-david-j-peterson.html
  165. https://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/171973372300/hi-im-looking-at-high-valyrian-as-part-of-my
  166. 166.0 166.1 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/52747943689/hi-im-a-big-fan-of-your-work-on-game-of-thrones-and
  167. 167.0 167.1 http://tmblr.co/ZCfvzu1QuCNSU
  168. http://www.dothraki.com/2013/04/sesir-urnebion-zȳhon-keliton-issa/#comment-1178, http://www.dothraki.com/2014/02/relative-clauses-in-high-valyrian/#comment-7846
  169. 169.0 169.1 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/85073783014/whats-the-high-valyrian-word-for-dragonglass-obsidian
  170. https://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/171973372300/hi-im-looking-at-high-valyrian-as-part-of-my
  171. https://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/145864394290/valyrian-dialogue-episode-608-of-game-of-thrones
  172. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/94376285120/how-do-you-say-apple-in-hv-is-it-lunar-like-gerpa#_=_
  173. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/343078908415066112
  174. http://www.dothraki.com/2013/06/some-more-high-valyrian-inflection/#comment-2035
  175. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/425106456510074880
  176. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/94386491674/how-do-you-say-otter-in-high-valyrian
  177. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/474698086950793217
  178. 178.0 178.1 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/96907499002/you-just-said-qridronnor-is-the-hv-word-for-chaos
  179. 179.0 179.1 https://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/178052221270/i-cant-remember-if-ive-done-this-before
  180. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/94740862654/you-said-bianor-biadra-was-subject-to-the
  181. http://www.dothraki.com/2013/06/some-more-high-valyrian-inflection/#comment-2079
  182. http://ic.pics.livejournal.com/jdm314/492753/3125/3125_300.png
  183. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/100781485428/hello-mr-peterson-first-of-all-congratulations
  184. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jwEPxemXikw
  185. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/93634645640/whats-the-past-tense-of-raqagon-raqtan-rattan
  186. http://www.dothraki.com/2014/02/relative-clauses-in-high-valyrian/#comment-7667
  187. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/137111885757/ahhhhhhh-i-havent-been-on-tumblr-in-a-few-days | New Yorkī was changed to Nuiōrkī to stay true to the High valyrian spelling and alphabet.
  188. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/60283121214/hey-there-im-a-big-fan-of-your-works-i-was-wondering
  189. http://www.dothraki.com/2015/06/valahd/#comment-100401
  190. http://www.dothraki.com/2013/07/valyrian-adjectives/#comment-2171
  191. 191.0 191.1 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/103841342123/hi-i-wanted-to-translate-i-begin-my-day-with
  192. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/134341895420/lexember-2015
  193. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/359200104382607360
  194. But this is not "set in stone": http://www.dothraki.com/2015/02/we-have-a-new-winner/#comment-85851
  195. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/119387023579/sorry-about-that-how-do-you-say-congratulations
  196. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/60283121214/hey-there-im-a-big-fan-of-your-works-i-was-wondering
  197. http://www.dothraki.com/2014/01/asshekhqoyi-anni-save-save/#comment-7331
  198. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/65717684734/hey-there-david-i-was-wondering-how-would-one-say#disqus_thread
  199. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/603437916082335744
  200. http://www.whosay.com/status/davidjpeterson/1107697, https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/603293497588916224
  201. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/386360871313629184
  202. It is possible that this should actually be Rullōr [rulˈloːr]: "I just kept an irregular stress pattern, since it’s a borrowing. That said, it’s not as if the rules are hard and fast for how a borrowed word should be rendered. It very well could come out as Rullōr. That wouldn’t explain its nominative stress pattern (word-final), but it would explain the rest of the paradigm." —DJP
  203. It may be assumed this name follows the "foreign" declension, given that it is clearly a borrowing, and has irregular stress. But the only oblique case we've encountered is gen. Rullóro, which could indicate any declension class at all.
  204. For the citation form rūs, see http://www.dothraki.com/2013/06/mhysa/#comment-1926
  205. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2kIDtjMe3y8&feature=youtu.be&t=51
  206. Peterson, David (2015). The Art of Language Invention : from Horse-Lords to Dark Elves, the words behind world-building. New York, New York: Penguin Books. p. 270. ISBN 978-0-14-312646-1. 
  207. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/85369375334/grey-worm-says-kill-the-masters-in-valyrian-in-a (presumably the short e is a typo), http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/118731657289/how-would-you-say-fire-cannot-kill-a-dragon-in
  208. Interpretation proposed by https://twitter.com/JuanPaez97/status/727006745315278848
  209. http://www.dothraki.com/2013/05/tȳni-tresi/#comment-1764
  210. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/357282200112218115
  211. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/91693984920/rytsas-how-do-you-say-what-are-you-doing-in
  212. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/112862909962/thatsvalyrious-thank-you-mario-but-our-heir-to#comment-1891392739
  213. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/48918159946/hi-i-know-youre-busy-but-can-i-ask-you-something
  214. 214.0 214.1 http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/118971485709/hi-i-was-wondering-how-you-would-say-stories-can
  215. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/110910885973/how-do-you-say-tea-in-hv-is-it-subar-or
  216. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/110291243121/what-does-sylugon-mean-sylutegon-hv
  217. Formerly thought to be 6col., per http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/97579530014/how-do-you-say-the-vipers-shadow-in-hv-and#comment-1841093921. Now known to be 3aq.: http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/121116158163/can-you-translate-in-the-land-of-mordor-where#comment-2070602424
  218. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/143745488442/high-valyrian-dialogue-episode-602-of-game-of
  219. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/118392872372/text-asshekh-ray-jad-its-use-your-mother
  220. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/335160470984069120, http://www.dothraki.com/2013/05/tȳni-tresi/
  221. But this has been cast into doubt by http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/94365589689/how-do-i-say-i-am-trent-of-the-land-in-high
  222. 222.0 222.1
    Tegun is actually "land" (paucal, terrestrial). Tegor would work if you need to say "lands" collective (e.g. "These are my various lands").
    —DJP, email, 2-9-2014.
  223. http://www.reddit.com/r/IAmA/comments/1chmc4/eseneziri_im_david_peterson_the_creator_of_the/c9glye7, http://www.dothraki.com/2013/08/valyrian-numerals
  224. https://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/180186565268/hi-david-whats-the-high-valyrian-word-for#notes
  225. 225.0 225.1 225.2 http://www.dothraki.com/2013/06/some-more-high-valyrian-inflection/#comment-2126
  226. http://www.dothraki.com/2016/01/asshekhqoyi-vezhvenagain/#comment-117032
  227. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/335164222797398016, http://www.dothraki.com/2013/05/tȳni-tresi/
  228. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/335156670466490368
  229. Lexical form: https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/349242524906438656
  230. 230.0 230.1 http://www.dothraki.com/2014/06/rinar/#comment-35391
  231. https://twitter.com/Dedalvs/status/421794510801096704
  232. https://twitter.com/dedalvs/status/318527719803600896
  233. https://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/174603720876/suppose-i-were-discussing-a-d%C4%81rilaros-a-voktys
  234. http://www.dothraki.com/2013/04/sesir-urnebion-z%C8%B3hon-keliton-issa/#comment-1255
  235. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/106751117720/how-do-you-say-spider-and-spiderweb-in-hv
  236. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/96562098256/do-you-have-a-word-as-mentioned-in-the-books-in-high
  237. http://www.dothraki.com/2015/01/asshekhqoyi-anni-save-save-save/#comment-84261
  238. http://www.makinggameofthrones.com/production-diary/2014/5/8/high-valyrian-101-learn-and-pronounce-common-phrases
  239. http://www.dothraki.com/2015/01/asshekhqoyi-anni-save-save-save/#comment-84262
  240. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/69007223679/how-would-you-say-primary-and-secondary-in-valyrian
  241. On the declension, see http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/118971485709/hi-i-was-wondering-how-you-would-say-stories-can#disqus_thread
  242. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/120130992540/you-wrote-vettrir-is-the-word-for-the-law-its
  243. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/117187344410/hey-david-could-you-explain-how-vettri-vettri
  244. https://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/174578518778/how-could-one-translate-dragonstone-in-high
  245. http://dedalvs.tumblr.com/post/118300113747/hi-i-was-wondering-how-you-would-say-blood-of
  246. https://archiveofourown.org/works/18893671


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