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Case Assignment

Prepositions in Dothraki determine the case of the following word. With many prepositions you can choose from multiple cases, and the meaning of the preposition depends on the case it has assigned. In this sense the proposition function the same way as verbs. Here is listed, which cases each preposition can assign, and what meanings they subsequently attain. There are five different cases in Dothraki and all have prepositions that assign them.

  Nominative Accusative Genitive Allative Ablative
ha       for from
haji         because of
hatif     facing, opposite to, before to front of, to before from front of, from before
irge     after to behind from behind
ki     by, because of    
ma         with
mra within     into out of
oleth     over, above    
oma         without
qisi about, concerning        
she on, upon, in     onto off of
torga     under    
vi       through, along  
yomme across       in spite of

Stranded Prepositions

While prepositions are usually easy to place, they are not fronted even if the argument they modify is, and sometimes they also become stranded because the argument they should modify is dropped to avoid repetition. Dothraki does not allow stranded prepositios per se, but many common prepositions have pro-form versions, that can be used instead of normal preposition, when alone.

Fin vovoon yer laji memas?"Which weapon do you fight with?"
Anha ez okrenegwin, majin e memras."I found a house and went inside."

If there is no pro-form version for the preposition used, there must be a noun or pronoun following the preposition. Often this means that a pronoun is used to denote to the argument that has been moved.

Osolethi fini vee mori yomme me vekha rekke."The bridge that you will travel across is there." (fini denotes to osoleth; me denotes to fini)

Pro-form prepositions

Normal Pro-form
ha mehas
irge mirges
ki mekis
ma memas
mra memras
oleth molethas
she meshes
torga metorgas
vi mevis
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