The third tutorial deals with adverbs. Adverbs are words that modify verbs or any other part of a sentence that is not a noun. They generally answer questions like when?, in what way?, where? etc.
Sentences with a basic adverb
The general rule is that adverbs come at the end of a sentence.
- Me oge oqet oskikh. — "He slaughtered the goat yesterday." Here the adverb oskikh/yesterday appears last in both English and Dothraki.
- Kash qoy qoyi thira disse. — "Only while blood of my blood lives." In this case the adverb disse/only appears first in the English sentence but in Dothraki it's still last.
- Yer vos nesi hakees anni akka. — "You don't even know my name." Here is another example where the adverb akka/even appears in the middle of the English sentence but in Dothraki it's still last.
Sentences with an adverb after verb
Certain adverbs appear directly after the verb they are modifying. The main example that we know about 'not' is the emphatic negative vosecchi.
- Yer vos ofrakhi sajoes mae — "You will not touch her steed." First we have an example with the normal negative.
- Yer ofrakhi vosecchi sajoes mae — "You will never touch her steed." Here vosecchi emphasizes the "not" into a "never".
Sentences where the adverb modifes an adjective
In situations where an adverb is directly modifying an adjective, it is instead placed directly in front of the adjective rather than at the end of the sentence.
- Jin ave sekke erin anni. — "This very kind father of mine." Here we see the adverb sekke appear before the adjective erin.