High Valyrian Syntax

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== Coordination ==
 
== Coordination ==
  
High Valyrian does not use the respective conjuction {{HVlex|se}} when uniting two ''similar'' words, eg. two verbs, two adjectives, two nouns that share the same grammatical role. Instead the second word, which normally would come after "and", is modified. Its final vowel is '''lengthened''' and the word's ''stress'' '''shifts''' ''to the last syllable''. For example:
+
High Valyrian does not use the respective conjunction {{HVlex|se}} when uniting two ''similar'' words, e.g. two verbs, two adjectives, two nouns that share the same grammatical role. Instead the second word, which normally would come after "and", is modified. Its final vowel is '''lengthened''' and the word's ''stress'' '''shifts''' ''to the last syllable''. For example:
  
 
:the man, the woman = vala, ābra (vAla, Ābra) »» the man and the woman = vala ābrā (vAla ābrĀ)
 
:the man, the woman = vala, ābra (vAla, Ābra) »» the man and the woman = vala ābrā (vAla ābrĀ)
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This doesn't mean that words can't be united with {{HVlex|se}} though they can be put in coordination. Coordination is the common and preferred way, while with se is considered formal and seldom.<ref> IRC 4/22/13: DavidJPeterson: There are two ways of coordinating things: using "se" (more formal) and lengthening the final vowel of the second element (more common).</ref>
 
This doesn't mean that words can't be united with {{HVlex|se}} though they can be put in coordination. Coordination is the common and preferred way, while with se is considered formal and seldom.<ref> IRC 4/22/13: DavidJPeterson: There are two ways of coordinating things: using "se" (more formal) and lengthening the final vowel of the second element (more common).</ref>
  
*For a double conjuction "both... and..." both strategies are used together: ''se + first element second element in coordination''<ref>http://www.dothraki.com/2015/01/asshekhqoyi-anni-save-save-save/#comment-85300</ref>.
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*For a double conjunction "both... and..." both strategies are used together: '''''se + first element''' second element in coordination''<ref>http://www.dothraki.com/2015/01/asshekhqoyi-anni-save-save-save/#comment-85300</ref>.
  
 
::{{*|Example sentence made up for the wiki.}}Both the man and the woman sing well. | Se vala ābrā sȳrī vāedis.
 
::{{*|Example sentence made up for the wiki.}}Both the man and the woman sing well. | Se vala ābrā sȳrī vāedis.
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== Infinitive ==
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TBA
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 +
== Non-active verb constructions ==
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 +
TBA
 +
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== Modifier Placement ==
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 +
TBA
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== References ==
 
== References ==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>

Latest revision as of 20:38, 28 October 2019

Contents

Coordination

High Valyrian does not use the respective conjunction se when uniting two similar words, e.g. two verbs, two adjectives, two nouns that share the same grammatical role. Instead the second word, which normally would come after "and", is modified. Its final vowel is lengthened and the word's stress shifts to the last syllable. For example:

the man, the woman = vala, ābra (vAla, Ābra) »» the man and the woman = vala ābrā (vAla ābrĀ)
These are my uncle and aunt. = Bisi ñuhor qȳbor ñuha velmā issi. (vElma » velmĀ) - Duolingo sentence
Notice that when two nouns accompanied by adjectives are coordinated the adjectives remain as they are.
  • Coordination can happen when there are more than two words following one another. As in English before the last word we place "and", in High Valyrian the last word is in coordination.
*I saw a man, a woman and a knight. | Vale ābre azantī ūndan.
  • Coordination is also used in compound numbers and in addition; practically larger numbers are formed by addition.
    • Two-digit numbers by writing the units and putting the tens in coordination.
fourteen » four and ten = izula ampā (ten = Ampa, and ten = ampĀ)
seven plus seven » seven and seven = sīkuda sīkudā (sĪkuda sīkudĀ)
twenty-two men = lanti lantēpsā vali

This doesn't mean that words can't be united with se though they can be put in coordination. Coordination is the common and preferred way, while with se is considered formal and seldom.[1]

  • For a double conjunction "both... and..." both strategies are used together: se + first element second element in coordination[2].
*Both the man and the woman sing well. | Se vala ābrā sȳrī vāedis.

Infinitive

TBA

Non-active verb constructions

TBA

Modifier Placement

TBA


References

  1. IRC 4/22/13: DavidJPeterson: There are two ways of coordinating things: using "se" (more formal) and lengthening the final vowel of the second element (more common).
  2. http://www.dothraki.com/2015/01/asshekhqoyi-anni-save-save-save/#comment-85300
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