High Valyrian Word Order

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== Verb phrases ==
 
== Verb phrases ==
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In verb phrases with transitive verbs, the direct object precedes the verb.
  
 
In verb phrases with ditransitive verbs, which take both a direct object and an indirect objects, the indirect object generally precedes the direct object. However, it may also follow:
 
In verb phrases with ditransitive verbs, which take both a direct object and an indirect objects, the indirect object generally precedes the direct object. However, it may also follow:
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* {{example2|Rūklon taobot tepan.|I give the boy a flower.}}
 
* {{example2|Rūklon taobot tepan.|I give the boy a flower.}}
  
== Noun phrases ==
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== Pronouns ==
 
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=== Pronouns ===
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High Valyrian is a pro-drop language, that is, subject pronouns are generally omitted, since they are indicated through verbal morphology. Including the subject pronoun places emphasis on the subject.  
 
High Valyrian is a pro-drop language, that is, subject pronouns are generally omitted, since they are indicated through verbal morphology. Including the subject pronoun places emphasis on the subject.  
 
* {{example2|Gevī ȳdrā.|You are speaking beautifully.}}
 
* {{example2|Gevī ȳdrā.|You are speaking beautifully.}}
 
* {{example2|Ao gevī ȳdrā.|'''You''' are speaking beautifully.}}
 
* {{example2|Ao gevī ȳdrā.|'''You''' are speaking beautifully.}}
  
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== Relative clauses ==
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: For more in-depth information, see [[High Valyrian Pronouns#Relatives|Prounouns § Relatives].
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Relative clauses are followed by a relative adjective and noun or a relative pronoun. They are generally gapped, that is, the noun shared between the relative and matrix clause is left out. However, in cases where gapping creates ambiguity, a resumptive pronoun may be used for clarity.
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== Questions ==
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Yes–no questions display the same syntax as declarative clause. The only difference is a that yes–no questions have a rising pitch toward the end.
  
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''Wh''-questions display ''wh''-fronting, which means that the interrogative pronoun or adjective is moved to the front of the clause:
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* {{example2|Skorverdon jēdaro azantys ūndas?|How old is the knight?}}
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* {{example2|Azantys izule izulēpsā jēdari ūndas.|The knight is forty-four years old.}}
  
 
[[category:High Valyrian|Word order]]
 
[[category:High Valyrian|Word order]]

Revision as of 01:10, 4 October 2020

In High Valyrian, the general word order in a sentence is SOV, i.e. subject–object–verb. High Valyrian is a strongly head-final language. Direct objects and adverbs generally precede verbs they modify; adjectives, demonstratives, relative clauses and adpositional phrases generally precede nouns they modify; possessors precedes the possessee; adverbs and adpositional phrases precede the adjectives they modify; and most adpositions are postpositions.

Contents

Verb phrases

In verb phrases with transitive verbs, the direct object precedes the verb.

In verb phrases with ditransitive verbs, which take both a direct object and an indirect objects, the indirect object generally precedes the direct object. However, it may also follow:

  • Taobot rūklon tepan."I give the boy a flower."
  • Rūklon taobot tepan."I give the boy a flower."

Pronouns

High Valyrian is a pro-drop language, that is, subject pronouns are generally omitted, since they are indicated through verbal morphology. Including the subject pronoun places emphasis on the subject.

  • Gevī ȳdrā."You are speaking beautifully."
  • Ao gevī ȳdrā."You are speaking beautifully."

Relative clauses

For more in-depth information, see [[High Valyrian Pronouns#Relatives|Prounouns § Relatives].

Relative clauses are followed by a relative adjective and noun or a relative pronoun. They are generally gapped, that is, the noun shared between the relative and matrix clause is left out. However, in cases where gapping creates ambiguity, a resumptive pronoun may be used for clarity.

Questions

Yes–no questions display the same syntax as declarative clause. The only difference is a that yes–no questions have a rising pitch toward the end.

Wh-questions display wh-fronting, which means that the interrogative pronoun or adjective is moved to the front of the clause:

  • Skorverdon jēdaro azantys ūndas?"How old is the knight?"
  • Azantys izule izulēpsā jēdari ūndas."The knight is forty-four years old."
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