High Valyrian Word Order
In High Valyrian, the general word order in a sentence is SOV, i.e. subject–object–verb. High Valyrian is a strongly head-final language. Direct objects and adverbs generally precede verbs they modify; adjectives, demonstratives, relative clauses and adpositional phrases generally precede nouns they modify; possessors precedes the possessee; adverbs and adpositional phrases precede the adjectives they modify; and most adpositions are postpositions.
In verb phrases with ditransitive verbs, which take both a direct object and an indirect objects, the indirect object generally precedes the direct object. However, it may also follow:
- Taobot rūklon tepan. — "I give the boy a flower."
- Rūklon taobot tepan. — "I give the boy a flower."
High Valyrian is a pro-drop language, that is, subject pronouns are generally omitted, since they are indicated through verbal morphology. Including the subject pronoun places emphasis on the subject.
- Gevī ȳdrā. — "You are speaking beautifully."
- Ao gevī ȳdrā. — "You are speaking beautifully."