Noun Animacy

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==Determining Animacy==
 
==Determining Animacy==
You can sometimes determine animacy of a noun by it's type. If you have problems with finding a reliable [http://www.bestwritingservice.com essay service] that offers assistance not only with creating essays but term and research paper writing as well, I highly recommend you to visit BestWritingService.Com. Determining animacy is useful in cases where someone derives a word that is not in the dictionary or simply to have as a general rule of thumb when learning the nouns animacy.
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You can sometimes determine animacy of a noun by it's type. Determining animacy is useful in cases where someone derives a word that is not in the dictionary or simply to have as a general rule of thumb when learning the nouns animacy.
  
 
===Animate Nouns===
 
===Animate Nouns===

Revision as of 15:50, 28 December 2011

In Dothraki nouns come in two different types. They are either animate or inanimate. Animacy has some correlation on whether the nouns are about active and alive or passive and lifeless things, but there is no reliable way to determine animacy just based on what the noun denotes to.


Examples of animate nouns: rizh"son", ashefa"river", tokik"fool", hake"name"

Examples of inanimate nouns: qeso"basket", alegra"duck", torga"stomach", elzikh"response"

Some nouns are homonyms with different meanings distinguished by animacy: lekh (animate) — "language", lekh (inanimate) — "tongue"


It is important to know what type a noun belongs to since the declension is different between the two types. The vocabulary and dictionary will generally indicate the type by denoting animate noun with "na." and inanimate nouns with "ni." If the animacy is currently unknown it is simply listed as "n."


Determining Animacy

You can sometimes determine animacy of a noun by it's type. Determining animacy is useful in cases where someone derives a word that is not in the dictionary or simply to have as a general rule of thumb when learning the nouns animacy.

Animate Nouns

Words ending in the agentive suffix: /-(a)k/

Words ending in the collective suffixes: -(a)sar -(e)ser -(i)sir -(o)sor

Infinitive of verbs when they act as nouns.

Inanimate Nouns

Words ending in the diminutive suffix: /-i/

Words ending in the augmentative suffix: /-(s)of/

Words formed by the circumfix: /ath- -(z)ar/

Words ending in the suffix: /-eyya/

Words ending in the suffix /-(i)kh/

Words formed as compounds.

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