Phonology

From Dothraki
(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
(Transcription)
(Consonants)
Line 248: Line 248:
 
|-
 
|-
 
| '''Glide'''
 
| '''Glide'''
|  
+
| w [w]
 
|
 
|
 
| y [j]
 
| y [j]

Revision as of 09:44, 6 August 2010

The Dothraki language has 20 consonants, 4 vowels, 1 glide and an unknown amount of dipthongs. Five of the consonants are represented as digraphs, with two letters meaning the same sound.

Contents

Transcription

Dothraki IPA Informal English example Notes
a a aah father
ch t͡ʃ ch check
d d dog can be aspirated, dental
e e e then
f f ff fool
g g g good
h h hh ham
i i ee machine
j d͡ʒ j judge
k k k skill
kh x x Bach
l ll left dental
m m mm man, ham
n nn no, tin dental
o o oh mow
q q k
r ɾ, r rr tap medially, in consonant clusters - trilled elsewhere
s s ss see, city
sh ʃ shh ship
t t' stop, top can be aspirated, dental
th θ th thin
v v vuh voice, have
w w wuh wave, dowager
y j y' yes
z z zz zoo
zh ʒ azure

The letters c and x never appear in Dothraki, although c appears in the digraph ch, pronounced like 'check'. b, p, and u seems to appear only in names, as in Bharbo, Pono, Jhiqui and Quaro.

Phonetics

Consonants

There are twenty consonants, and one glide. Here the orthographic form is given on the left, and the IPA in brackets.

Labial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Plosive t [t̪] k [k] q [q]
Voiced Plosive d [d̪] g [g]
Affricate ch [t͡ʃ]
Voiced Affricate j [d͡ʒ]
Voiceless fricative f [f] th [θ] s [s] sh [ʃ] kh [x] h [h]
Voiced fricative v [v] z [z] zh [ʒ]
Nasal m [m] n [n̪]
Lateral l [l̪]
Trill r [r]
Tap r [ɾ]
Glide w [w] y [j]


The digraphs kh, sh, th and zh are all fricatives, while ch and j are affricates.

Voiceless stops may be aspirated. This does not change word meaning.

The two bilabial stops p and b may occur in names.

Vowels

Dothraki has at least 4 naturally occuring vowels:

Dothraki IPA Notes
i i
e e
o o
a a

The letter u may appear in names, such as Jhiqui and Quaro.

Diphthongs

Dothraki has few dipthongs.

Dothraki IPA
oy oj
ey ej

iy, ay, ai and ae may also be dipthongs.

Phonotactics

Geminates

Following certain prefixes, initial consonants become geminates. Furthermore, initial consonant clusters become reduced in the orthography, such that a-th becomes atth, and not athth.

We have examples for n, d, s, th, r. We also have mid-word geminates for k, g, v, q and r.

Vowel clusters

Dothraki appears to allow unlimited sequences of vowels in a word. Each such vowel represents a separate syllable. Examples: shierak star, and rhaesh country.

Furthermore, Dothraki allows for two of the same vowel to occur near each other, as in khaleesi. This is not a long vowel, although explanation has not yet been given as to why.

Stress

Word stress in Dothraki is not entirely understood at this point. However, it is known that it can be predictable, as all words ending in a consonant have primary stress on the final syllable.

Personal tools