The Dothraki language has 21 consonants, 5 vowels, 1 glide and an unknown amount of dipthongs. Five of the consonants are represented as digraphs, with two letters meaning the same sound.
|d||d̪||d||dog||can be aspirated, dental|
|p||p||p||spin, pin||can be aspirated, dental|
|r||ɾ, r||rr||tap medially, in consonant clusters - trilled elsewhere|
|t||t̪||t'||stop, top||can be aspirated, dental|
The letters b, c, w, and x never appear in Dothraki, although c appears in the digraph ch, pronounced like 'check'.
There are twenty-one consonants, and one glide. Here the orthographic form is given on the left, and the IPA in brackets.
|Plosive||p [p]||t [t̪]||k [k]||q [q]|
|Voiced Plosive||d [d̪]||g [g]|
|Voiced Affricate||j [d͡ʒ]|
|Voiceless fricative||f [f]||th [θ]||s [s] sh [ʃ]||kh [x]||h [h]|
|Voiced fricative||v [v]||z [z] zh [ʒ]|
|Nasal||m [m]||n [n̪]|
The digraphs kh, sh, th and zh are all fricatives, while ch and j are affricates.
Voiceless stops may be aspirated. This does not change word meaning.
Dothraki has a 5-vowel system, all of which are always pronounced the same:
Dothraki has few dipthongs.
ij, ai and ae may also be dipthongs.
Following certain prefixes, initial consonants become geminates. Furthermore, initial consonant clusters become reduced in the orthography, such that a-th becomes atth, and not athth.
We have examples for n, d, s, th, r. We also have mid-word geminates for k, g, v, q and r.
Dothraki appears to allow unlimited sequences of vowels in a word. Each such vowel represents a separate syllable. Examples: shierak star, and rhaesh country.
Furthermore, Dothraki allows for two of the same vowel to occur near each other, as in khaleesi. This is not a long vowel, although explanation has not yet been given as to why.
Word stress in Dothraki is not entirely understood at this point. However, it is known that it can be predictable, as all words ending in a consonant have primary stress on the final syllable.