Vocabulary

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As of October 27th, 2010, Dothraki has over 2,500 words. [1] Some information regarding those words was released in the original HBO Press release:

"Did you know? (Hash yer ray nesi?)
The name for the Dothraki people—and their language—derives from the verb “dothralat” (“to ride”).
The Dothraki have four different words for “carry,” three for “push,” three for “pull” and at least eight for “horse,” but no word that means “please” or “follow.”
The longest word in Dothraki is “athastokhdeveshizaroon,” which means “from nonsense.”
The words for “related,” “weighted net,” “eclipse,” “dispute,” “redhead,” “oath,” “funeral pyre,” “evidence,” “omen,” “fang” and “harvest moon” all have one element in common: “qoy,” the Dothraki word for “blood.”
Dothraki for “to dream”—”thirat atthiraride”—literally means “to live a wooden life”; in Dothraki, “wooden” (“ido”) is synonymous with “fake.”
The word for “pride”—”athjahakar”—is derived from “jahak,” the traditional long braid worn by Dothraki warriors (“lajaki”)."[2]

More lexical information has been promised as the series progresses.


Contents

A

addrivat vtr. kill

afazh adj. hot

ai intj. yes, obedient response

annithat vtr. to cause pain

arakh n. curved sword

arraggat vtr. to choke

assamvat vtr. break

ath-astokhdeveshi-zar-oon cw. from nonsense

ath-jahak-ar n. pride, prowess

D

dosh khaleen n. old crone, wise women group (widowed khaleesi)

dothrae v. rides, is riding (from dothralat ride)

dothraki n. men who ride, the Dothraki people

dothralat v. ride (With horse, steed or my horse, my steed: have an erection)

drivolat vin. die

F

fonas chek phrase said at parting (exact meaning unknown)

H

haesh n. lamb

haesh rakhi n. Lamb Men, Lhazareen

haj adj. strong

hash yer ray nesi? phrase Did you know?

hrakka n. white lion

hranna n. a type of grass

I

ido adj. wooden, fake

J

jahak n. Dothraki hair-braid, lion’s mane, hairstyle

jaqqa rhan n. mercy men (not literal translation)

K

khal n. leader

khalakka n. prince, son of a khal

khalasar n. group, temporary tribe

khaleesi n. queen

khas n. small group of protectors, bloodriders, generals

ko n. a member of the khas, bloodrider

L

lajak n. fighter, warrior

M

maegi n. sorceress, witch

mahrazh n. man

m’athchomaroon n. undefined

mr’anha phrase inside me (contracted)

N

nithat vin. to feel pain

Q

qiya adj. bleeding

qoy n. blood

R

raggat vin. to choke on

rakh n. boy

rakhi n. men

rhae mhar n. sore-foot

rhaesh n. land, country

Rhaesh Andahli n. Land of the Andals, Westeros

rhaggat n. cart

S

samvolat vin. break (intr.)

serj n. leather vest (accusative of nominative serja)

shierak n. star

shierak qiya n. comet

T

thirat atthiraride v. to dream; (lit.) to live a wooden life

tolorro n. bones

V

vaes n. city

Vaes Dothrak n. city of the Dothraki

Vaes Tolorro n. city of bones

Z

zhavvorsi n. of the dragon

zhey vichomer phrase hello (or some greeting phrase)


References

  1. "David Peterson's Twitter". October 27, 2010. https://twitter.com/#!/Dedalvs/status/28873732244. 
  2. "Official HBO Press Release". April 12, 2010. http://dothraki.conlang.org/official-hbo-press-release/. 
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